Allied Warships

HMCS Snowberry (K 166)

Corvette of the Flower class


Photo from Imperial War Museum (IWM), FL-5516

NavyThe Royal Canadian Navy
TypeCorvette
ClassFlower 
PennantK 166 
Built byDavie Shipbuilding and Repairing Co. Ltd. (Lauzon, Quebec, Canada) 
Ordered22 Jan 1940 
Laid down24 Feb 1940 
Launched8 Aug 1940 
Commissioned26 Nov 1940 
End service8 Jun 1945 
History

Fo'c's'le extention at Charleston (South Carolina, U.S.A.) completed on 14 May 1943.

Decommissioned and returned to the Royal Navy on 8 June 1945.
Scrapped at Middlesborough, U.K. in August 1947.

 
Former nameHMS Snowberry

Commands listed for HMCS Snowberry (K 166)

Please note that we're still working on this section.

CommanderFromTo
1T/Lt. Roy Stanley Kelley, RCNR5 Sep 19405 Feb 1942
2T/A/Lt.Cdr. Philip John Bowin Watts, RCNVR6 Feb 194221 May 1943
3T/Lt. John Barry O'Brien, RCNVR22 May 19439 Nov 1943
4T/Lt. James Alexander Dunn, RCNVR10 Nov 194324 Dec 1943
5T/Lt. John Barry O'Brien, RCNVR25 Dec 194314 Jan 1944
6T/Lt. James Alexander Dunn, RCNVR15 Jan 194430 Apr 1945
7T/Lt. Benjamin Thomas Robert Russell, RCNR1 May 19458 Jun 1945

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Notable events involving Snowberry include:


9 Feb 1941

Convoy HX 108.

This convoy departed Halifax on 9 February 1941 and arrived in UK waters on 27 February 1941.

On departure from Halifax the convoy was made up of the following merchant vessels; Bonde (Norwegian, 1570 GRT, built 1936), Brant County (Norwegian, 5001 GRT, built 1915), Dalemore (British, 5835 GRT, built 1922), Dalmore (British, 5193 GRT, built 1927), Danae II (British, 2660 GRT, built 1936), Empire Bronze (British, 8142 GRT, built 1940), Empire Eland (British, 5613 GRT, built 1920), Empire Hawk (British, 5032 GRT, built 1919), Empire Simba (British, 5691 GRT, built 1919), Forest (British, 4998 GRT, built 1937), G.S. Walden (British (tanker), 10627 GRT, built 1935), Gitano (British, 3956 GRT, built 1921), Holmpark (British, 5780 GRT, built 1927), James J. Maguire (British (tanker), 10525 GRT, built 1939), Lechistan (Polish, 1937 GRT, built 1929), Llanover (British, 4959 GRT, built 1928), Loch Don (British, 5249 GRT, built 1937), Manchester Exporter (British, 5277 GRT, built 1918), Markhor (British, 7917 GRT, built 1929), Mount Taurus (Greek, 6696 GRT, built 1920), Nicolaou Virginia (Greek, 6869 GRT, built 1920), Queen Maud (British, 4976 GRT, built 1936), Redgate (British, 4323 GRT, built 1929), Rookley (British, 4998 GRT, built 1940), Saint Bertrand (British, 5522 GRT, built 1929), San Gerardo (British (tanker), 12915 GRT, built 1929), Silverelm (British, 4351 GRT, built 1924), Standella (British (tanker), 6197 GRT, built 1936) and Willemsplein (Dutch, 5489 GRT, built 1910).

On departure from Halifax the convoy was escorted by the armed merchant cruiser HMS Maloja (A/Capt. V. Hammersley-Heenan, RN) and corvettes HMCS Mayflower (A/Lt.Cdr. G.H. Stephen, RCNR) and HMCS Snowberry (T/Lt. R.S. Kelley, RCNR).

Both Canadian corvettes were not to return to Halifax but were to proceed to the UK to complete fitting out there and then work up at Tobermory.

On 12 February 1941 the convoy was joined by the ships from convoy BHX 108 which had departed Bermuda on 7 February. These were the following merchant vessels; Adula (British (tanker), 8040 GRT, built 1937), Aircrest (British, 5237 GRT, built 1940), Bianca (Norwegian (tanker), 5688 GRT, built 1926), British Progress (British (tanker), 4581 GRT, built 1927), Cape Clear (British, 5085 GRT, built 1939), Comedian (British, 5122 GRT, built 1929), Director (British, 5107 GRT, built 1926), Donacilla (British (tanker), 8113 GRT, built 1939), Emma Bakke (Norwegian, 4721 GRT, built 1929), Leikanger (Norwegian, 4003 GRT, built 1923), Losada (British, 6520 GRT, built 1921), Luminetta (British (tanker), 6159 GRT, built 1927), Misoa (British (tanker), 4800 GRT, built 1937), Putney Hill (British, 5215 GRT, built 1940), Queen Maud (British, 4976 GRT, built 1936), Rapana (British (tanker), 8017 GRT, built 1935), Saintonge (British (tanker), 9386 GRT, built 1936), San Casimiro (British (tanker), 8046 GRT, built 1936), Sepia (British (tanker), 6214 GRT, built 1936), Twickenham (British, 4762 GRT, built 1940) and Yngaren (British, 5246 GRT, built 1921). These ships had been escorted by the armed merchant cruiser HMS Aurania (A/Capt. I.W. Whitehorn, RN) which parted company when the convoys merged.

Two of the merchant vessels, the Bonde and Dalemore, apparently returned to Halifax.

Around 1730Q/18, the battleship HMS Rodney (Capt. F.H.G. Dalrymple-Hamilton, RN) joined the convoy.

Around 1500Q/19, HMS Maloja parted company with the convoy.

At 1410Z/20, HMS Rodney parted company with the convoy.

On the 24th, the destroyers HMS Wanderer (Cdr. A.F.St.G. Orpen, RN), HMS Witch (Lt.Cdr. J.R. Barnes, RN), HMS Montgomery (Cdr.(Retd.) H.F. Nash, RN) and the auxiliary A/S trawler HMS York City (Skr. W. Tucker, RNR). joined the convoy. Corvette HMS Periwinkle (Lt.Cdr. P.G. MacIver, RNR) joined on the 25th but was detached the following day.

The convoy arrived in UK waters on the 27th.

23 Aug 1943
On the 23th August 1943 the 40th Escort Group (Cdr. Dallison), consisting of the sloops HMS Landguard, HMS Bideford, HMS Hastings and the frigates HMS Exe, HMS Moyola and HMS Waveney were deployed on a U-boat hunt off Cape Ortegal. The whole operation was covered by the British light cruiser HMS Bermuda.

On the 25th August the Canadian 5th Support Group (Cdr. Tweed), consisting of the British frigates HMS Nene, HMS Tweed and the Canadian corvettes HMCS Calgary, HMCS Edmundston and HMCS Snowberry were deployed to relieve the 40th Escort Group. While this was in progress the ships were attacked at 1415 hrs by 14 Dornier Do-217's and 7 Ju-88's. with the new German weapon, the Henschel Glider Bombs, (the "Hs293 A-1"). Designed by the German Professor Herbert Wagner. HMS Landguard and HMS Bideford were the first of the Allied and R.N. ships to be attacked and damaged by them. This being the first time of their being brought into action against Allied ships. Several sailors were injured on HMS Bideford and one sailor was killed.

Another two days later on the 27th August 1943 the Canadian 5th Support group was relieved by the 1st Support group (Cdr. Brewer) consisting of the sloops HMS Pelican, HMS Egret and the frigates HMS Jed, HMS Rother, HMS Spey and HMS Evenlode. Also the covering cruiser HMS Bermuda was relieved by the Canadian destroyer HMCS Athabaskan and the British destroyer HMS Grenville. These ships were also attacked by the Germans. This time with 18 Dornier Do-217?s also carrying Henschel Glider Bombs. HMCS Athabaskan was heavily damaged and HMS Egret was sunk with the loss of 194 of her crew. After this loss the U-boat hunt was blown off.

20 Nov 1943
German U-boat U-536 was sunk in the North Atlantic north-east of the Azores, in position 43°50'N, 19°39'W, by depth charges from the British frigate HMS Nene (Cdr. J.D. Birch, RD, RNR) and the Canadian corvettes HMCS Snowberry (T/Lt. J.A. Dunn, RCNVR) and HMCS Calgary (T/A/Lt.Cdr. H.K. Hill, RCNVR).

23 Dec 1943
HrMs O 10 (Lt.Cdr. A. van Altena, RNN(R)) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle together with HMCS Snowberry (T/Lt. J.A. Dunn, RCNVR) and HMS Tweed (Lt.Cdr. R.S. Miller, DSC, RNR). (1)

24 Dec 1943
HrMs O 10 (Lt.Cdr. A. van Altena, RNN(R)) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle together with HMS Nene (Cdr. J.D. Birch, RD, RNR) and HMCS Snowberry (T/Lt. J.A. Dunn, RCNVR). (1)

5 Feb 1944
HMS Strongbow (Lt. J.A.R. Troup, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Larne with HMS Nene (Cdr. J.D. Birch, RD, RNR), HMCS Snowberry (T/Lt. J.A. Dunn, RCNVR) and ships from the 6th Escort Group. (2)

29 Feb 1944
HMS H 44 (Lt. P.N. Joyce, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Campanula (T/Lt. I. Bull, RNVR), HMS Heather (T/Lt. W.L. Turner, RNR), HMCS Lunenburg (T/Lt. D.L. Miller, RCNVR), HMCS Prescott (A/Lt.Cdr. W. McIsaac, RCNVR), a href=/allies/warships/ship/807.html>HMCS Camrose (T/A/Lt.Cdr. L.R. Pavillard, RCNR) and HMCS Snowberry (T/Lt. J.A. Dunn, RCNVR). (3)

7 Mar 1944
HrMs O 9 (Lt. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle together with HMS Louis (A/Lt.Cdr. R. Johnston, RNR), HMCS Waskesiu (Lt.Cdr. J.P. Fraser, RCNR), HMCS Rimouski (T/Lt. R.J. Pickford, RCNVR) and HMCS Snowberry (T/Lt. J.A. Dunn, RCNVR). (4)

8 Mar 1944
HrMs O 9 (Lt. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle together with HMCS Snowberry (T/Lt. J.A. Dunn, RCNVR), HMCS Forrest Hill (T/Lt. E.U. Jones, RCNVR), an unidentified vessel (we are unable to read the name in the log of HrMs O 9) and HMCS La Malbaie (T/A/Lt.Cdr. J.S. Davis, RCNVR). (4)

17 Jul 1944
HMS L 27 (Lt. J.N. Elliott, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Bermuda with HMCS Shawinigan (T/Lt. W.J. Jones, RCNR) and HMCS Snowberry (T/Lt. J.A. Dunn, RCNVR). (5)

17 Jul 1944
HMS L 27 (Lt. J.N. Elliott, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Bermuda with HMCS Shawinigan (T/Lt. W.J. Jones, RCNR) and HMCS Snowberry (T/Lt. J.A. Dunn, RCNVR). (5)

20 Jul 1944
HMS L 27 (Lt. J.N. Elliott, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Bermuda with HMCS Thetford Mines (T/Lt. J.A.R. Allan, DSC, RCNVR), HMCS Snowberry (T/Lt. J.A. Dunn, RCNVR), HMCS La Hulloise (Lt.Cdr. J. Brock, RCNVR) and HMCS Guelph (Lt. G.H. Hayes, DSC, RCN). (6)

Media links


Corvettes of the Royal Canadian Navy, 1939-1945

MacPherson, Ken and Milner, Marc

Sources

  1. File 2.12.03.6384 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
  2. ADM 173/18851
  3. ADM 173/18513
  4. File 2.12.03.6372 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
  5. ADM 199/1830
  6. ADM 199/1830

ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.


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