Submarine of the ShCh (Scuka) class
|Navy||The Soviet Navy|
|Mod||5th group (Type X)|
|Built by||A. Marti (Leningrad, U.S.S.R.) / Yard 194|
|Laid down||23 Jul 1934|
|Launched||24 Sep 1935|
|Commissioned||29 Sep 1936|
The cause of loss of ShCh-317 is often given as the following. While returning from patrol on 14 July 1942 ShCh-317 was located by German patrol boats while crossing "Nashorn" minefield. The Germans attacked ShCh-317, causing some damage. The submarine escaped, but leaving behind a fuel trail, that was followed by the Finnish minelayer Ruotsinsalmi and patrol boat VMV-6. It's very likely that on 14 July depth charges from these two boats sank ShCh-317 with all hands.
ShCh-317 last communication was on 10 July 1942 at 0230 hours (Moscow time) while off the south tip of Öland, Sweden. All ten torpedoes aboard had been fired and the submarine was returning to base.
We don't have any commands listed for USSR ShCh-317
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Notable events involving ShCh-317 include:
16 Jun 1942
ShCh-317 torpedoed and sank the Finnish merchant Argo (2513 GRT) in the Baltic east of Stockholm, Sweden in position 59°21'N, 20°14'E.
Later this day ShCh-317 attacked but misses the Swedish merchant Ulla (2436 GRT). Ulla had survivors aboard from the Argo.
19 Jun 1942
ShCh-317 torpedoed and damaged the Danish merchant Orion (2405 GRT) north-east of Gotland in position 58°08'N, 18°00'E. The damaged Danish ship was towed to Visby.
22 Jun 1942
ShCh-317 torpedoed and sank the Swedish merchant Ada Gorthon (2399 GRT) west of Gotland in position 57°09'N, 18°00'E.
8 Jul 1942
ShCh-317 torpedoed and sank the German merchant Otto Cords (966 GRT) off the Swedish south coast in position 55°49'N, 15°01'E.
14 Jul 1942
During the first and last patrol of the boat, the submarine division commander Captain 2nd Rank V.A. Yegorov was on board, and was lost with the boat. (1)
- Personal communication