Allied Warships

HMAS Arunta (I 30)

Destroyer of the Tribal class

NavyThe Royal Australian Navy
TypeDestroyer
ClassTribal 
PennantI 30 
Built byCockatoo Docks and Engineering Co. Ltd. (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia) 
Ordered24 Jan 1939 
Laid down15 Nov 1939 
Launched30 Oct 1940 
Commissioned30 Mar 1942 
End service 
History

Pennant numbers: I30 February 1942 - April 1953; D130 May 1953 - February 1969.

On 16th May 1942, the Japanese were reaching the limit of their advance getting no closer to Australia than the Coral Sea. In Sydney Australia, the newly completed destroyer HMAS ARUNTA was hurrying out to sea to help defend Australia's coastal shipping. Her first task was of local importance , trying to track down a Japanese submarine that had fired shells on a number of merchantmen in the general vicinity of Sydney. ARUNTA arrived at Port Moresby, New Guinea on 24th August just shortly before the Japanese invasion of that island. Her duties were to protect merchantmen from Japanese submarines. On the 24th of August, she carried out four depth charge attacks against an enemy sub and a large quantity of oil was seen to bubble to the surface. Several days later it was confirmed that the 700 ton Japanese submarine RO-33 had been sunk by ARUNTA. During the month of October, ARUNTA was employed on troop escort convoys between Queensland and New Guinea as the Australians gradually pushed the Japanese back over the Kokoda Trail. By November, she was in need of a refit but the situation in New Guinea was too critical for her departure. Instead, the ship's company had to make do with the facilities in Port Moresby. In the first month of 1943, ARUNTA was dispatched on a hazardous mission to Timor to pick up a guerrilla force that was failing to hold the Japanese at bay. After swimming through the surf, 282 soldiers, 11 women and children and 20 Portuguese civilians made it aboard and the ship arrived in Darwin, Australia without being sighted by enemy aircraft. By the end of January, ARUNTA arrived in Sydney for her much needed refit. When she returned to convoy duties between the Queensland Territory and New Guinea in March, she was accompanied by her new sister ship WARRAMUNGA. In May, both ships joined Task Force 74 in the Coral Sea. The composition of Task Force 74 was always changing as destroyers were detached to escort duties all over the South-West Pacific. After covering the US landing of troops at Saidor, New Guinea between 8th January to 7th February 1944, all ships of TF74 took time out to refit to prepare for further assaults on Japanese held positions in New Guinea and the surrounding island chains. By New Year's Day 1945, ARUNTA and WARRAMUNGA left Manus bound for Luzon Philippines as part as part of the Lingayen Gulf assault force. Kamikaze attacks developed as they headed through the Sulu sea and the carrier OMMANEY BAY was sunk . At 0450 on 5th January, two Kamikazes attacked ARUNTA. One, being a Mitsubishi A6M Zero carrying a 250 pound bomb, headed straight for her bridge. By ordering the Tribal to hard a' starboard and the ship's ability to react quickly, the Zero skimmed the port side of the bridge and hit the sea alongside the gear room. The resultant explosion sent shrapnel through ARUNTA'S side severing the power cables to the steering gear. Not daring to stop, Commander Buchanan continued to steam in circles until the attack was over. Two men were killed and five wounded. It took five hours to repair the damage lying stopped in the water while the destroyer INGRAHAM circled her. Eventually, they caught up to the main body of the fleet by steaming at 25 knots. On 13th February, ARUNTA and WARRAMUNGA joined a fire support group held in reserve while Corregidor was being bombarded. After spending nine days in Lingayen Gulf, both ships were recalled and they arrived in Sydney on the 16th of March for a much welcomed leave and refit. By early May, ARUNTA and WARRAMUNGA were re-united again and assisted in the mopping-up of Japanese positions around New Guinea. At Balikpapan Borneo, ARUNTA participated in the shelling of shore positions from 27th June until the amphibious landing on July 1. On the 11th of July, she sailed for Sydney. Her war was over. Upon arrival in Sydney, she was dispatched to the dockyard for a major refit. A lattice foremast replaced the tripod. The mainmast and searchlight platform were removed altogether and improved radar installed. From 1945 to 1949, ARUNTA led an unspectacular life of patrols, exercises, cruises in Australian, Japanese and Pacific waters. She spent the period July 1950 to May 1953 being modernized as an anti-submarine destroyer so she did not actively participate in Korean operations. ARUNTA spent an additional four active but peaceful years in the Royal Australian Navy until she was laid up in 1957. Eventually she was sold for scrap to the China Steel Corp. of Taipei, Taiwan. She never made it to the scrap yard. On 13th February 1969, ARUNTA left Sydney under tow by the Japanese tug Toko Maru. Sixty miles south east of Broken Bay, she developed a severe list and sank - a noble way of escaping the shipwrecker's hammer.

 

Commands listed for HMAS Arunta (I 30)

Please note that we're still working on this section.

CommanderFromTo
1Cdr. James Cairns Morrow, DSO, RAN2 Mar 194226 Aug 1943
2Cdr. Alfred Edgar Buchanan, RAN27 Aug 194318 Aug 1945
3Cdr. Galfrey George Ormond Gatacre, DSC, RAN19 Aug 194517 Oct 1947

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Notable events involving Arunta include:


17 May 1942
HrMs Tromp (Cdr. J.B. de Meester, RNN) departed Sydney for sea. She was ordered to perform an A/S search off Sydney together with the brand new Australian destroyer HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN) and the US destroyer USS Perkins (Lt.Cdr. W.C. Ford, USN).

The previous day the Russian freighter Uelen (5106 GRT, built 1913) was attacked to the north of Sydney by the Japanese submarine I-29.

All three Allied ships returned to Sydney later the same day having found no enemy submarine. (1)

18 May 1942
HrMs Tromp (Cdr. J.B. de Meester, RNN) departed Sydney for convoy escort duty together with HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN). They were to escort convoy ZK 8 (Sydney - Townsville) northwards. Convoy ZK 8 was made up of four Dutch merchant vessels Bantam (3322 GRT, built 1930), Bontekoe (4668 GRT, built 1923), Van Heemskerk (2996 GRT, built 1909) and Van Heutsz (4588 GRT, built 1926).

For the daily positions during the period of 18 May 1942 to 24 May 1942, see the map below.

(1)

23 May 1942
At 1000 hours, HrMs Tromp (Cdr. J.B. de Meester, RNN) and HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN), turned over the escort of convoy ZK 8 over to HMAS Swan (Lt.Cdr. A.J. Travis, RAN), HMAS Goulburn (Lt. B. Paul, RANR(S)) and HMAS Cessnock (A/Lt.Cdr. T.S. Marchington, RANR(S)).

HrMs Tromp and HMAS Arunta then reversed course to return to Sydney. (1)

24 May 1942
Very late in the evening, HrMs Tromp (Cdr. J.B. de Meester, RNN) and HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN), arrived back at Sydney. (1)

13 Jun 1942

Convoy OC 2.

This convoy departed Melbourne on 13 June 1942.

This convoy was made up of the following transports; Asphalion (British, 6274 GRT, built 1924), Cycle (Australian, 3952 GRT, built 1939), Daniel Boone (American, 7176 GRT, built 1942), Era (Australian, 3148 GRT, built 1921), Mildura (Australian, 3478 GRT, built 1920) and Themistocles (British, 11231 GRT, built 1911).

On departure from Melbourne the convoy was escorted by the destroyers HMAS Stuart (Cdr. S.H.K. Spurgeon, DSO, RAN), HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN) and the minesweeper HMAS Kalgoorlie (T/Lt. H.A. Litchfield, RANR(S)).

Around 0330K/16, HMAS Stuart parted company with the convoy to proceed to Sydney.

The convoy arrived at Newcastle, NSW later the same day after which HMAS Arunta and HMAS Kalgoorlie also proceeded to Sydney where they arrived early in the afternoon of the 16th. (2)

13 Jul 1942

'Schooner' convoy.

This convoy departed Colombo on 13 July 1942.

It was made up of the following (troop) transports; Aronda (British, 9031 GRT, built 1941), Athlone Castle (British, 25565 GRT, built 1936), City of Canterbury (British, 8331 GRT, built 1922), City of Lille (British, 6588 GRT, built 1928), Clan MacDonald (British, 9653 GRT, built 1939), Devonshire (British, 11275 GRT, built 1939), Dunedin Star (British, 11168 GRT, built 1936), Ekma (British, 5108 GRT, built 1911), Martand (British, 7967 GRT, built 1939), Rajula (British, 8478 GRT, built 1926) and Westernland (Dutch, 16479 GRT, built 1918).

On departure from Colombo the convoy was escorted by the light cruiser HMS Gambia (Capt. M.J. Mansergh, CBE, RN), armed merchant cruiser HMS Worcestershire (A/Capt.(Retd.) E.H. Hopkinson, RN), sloops HMIS Jumna (Cdr. J.E.N. Coope, RIN), HMIS Sutlej (Capt. P.A. Mare, RIN) and the corvettes HMS Aster (Lt. W.L. Smith, RNR) and HMS Tulip (Lt.Cdr. A. Wilkinson, RNR).

Around 1845F/14, HMIS Jumna, HMIS Sutlej, HMS Aster and HMS Tulip parted company in position 02°23'N, 80°23'E.

Around 1750F/16, the City of Lille was ordered to proceed independently as she was unable to keep up with the convoy. Position was 06°03'S, 81°34'E.

Around 1330F/19, the light cruiser USS Phoenix (Capt. H.E. Fischer, USN) took over from HMS Gambia in position 17°02'S, 82°24'E. HMS Gambia then parted company with the convoy to proceed to Mauritius.

Around 0715F/20, the armed merchant cruiser HMS Kanimbla (A/Capt. W.L.G. Adams, RN) took over from HMS Worcestershire in position 20°11'S, 83°17'E. HMS Worcestershire then parted company with the convoy to proceed to Mauritius.

Around 0855H/27, the destroyer HMAS Voyager (Lt.Cdr. R.C. Robison DSC, RAN) joined the convoy in position 31°04'S, 112°00'E.

Around 1350H/27, the minesweeper HMIS Madras (Lt. S.G. Karmarkar, RINR) joined the convoy and five minutes later the convoy was split up, in position 31°11'S, 112°16'E, into two sections ' Schooner A ' for Melbourne and ' Schooner B ' for Fremantle.

' Schooner A ' was made up of the transports Athlone Castle, City of Canterbury, Dunedin Star and Martand. They were escorted by USS Phoenix and HMAS Voyager.

' Schooner B ' was made up of the transports Aronda, Clan MacDonald, Devonshire, Ekma, Rajula and Westernland. They were escorted by HMS Kanimbla and HMIS Madras.

' Schooner B ' arrived at Fremantle in the morning of the 28th.

At 1015H/28, in position 33°28'S, 113°48'E, ' Schooner A ' merged with convoy ZK 12 which was coming from Fremantle escorted by the light cruiser HrMs Tromp (Cdr. J.B. de Meester, RNN). Convoy ZK 12 was made up of the transport Duntroon (10346 GRT, built 1935) and the armed merchant cruisers HMAS Manoora (A/Capt. J.M. Armstrong, RAN) and HMAS Westralia (A/Capt.(Emgy.) H.V. Hudson, OBE, RAN).

Around 1900H/29, in position 36°45'S, 119°48'E, HrMs Tromp and HMAS Voyager parted company with convoy ' Schooner B '. They were to return to Fremantle.

Around 0530K/3, the Athlone Castle, City of Canterbury, Dunedin Star and Martand parted company with the convoy and proceeded to Melbourne.

Around 0715K/5, the destroyer HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN) joined the convoy.

The convoy arrived at Sydney around 1630K/5.

8 Aug 1942

Combined convoy A 2 / B 2.

This convoy departed Caloundra on 8 August 1942.

It was made up of the following transports; Aldinga (Australian, 3078 GRT, built 1921), Balikpapan (Dutch, 1279 GRT, built 1938), Bontekoe (Dutch, 4668 GRT, built 1923), Fiona (Australian, 2198 GRT, built 1933), James Cook (Australian, 2142 GRT, built 1921), John G. Whittier (American, 7176 GRT, built 1942), Macumba (Australian, 2526 GRT, built 1919), Oliver Hazard Perry (American, 7176 GRT, built 1942), Van Heemskerk (Dutch, 2996 GRT, built 1909) and Zebulon Pike (American, 7176 GRT, built 1942).

On departure from Caloundra around 0300K/8, the convoy was escorted by the destroyer HMAS Stuart (Cdr. S.H.K. Spurgeon, DSO, RAN) and minesweeper HMAS Goulburn (Lt. B. Paul, RANR(S)).

HMAS Stuart and HMAS Goulburn parted company around 2200K/9, in the Capricorn Channel.

On 10 August the transport James Cook parted company with the convoy and entered Bowen.

The convoy then proceeded unescorted until 1710K/11 when near Townsville the destroyer HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN) and minesweeper HMAS Katoomba (Cdr. A.P. Cousin, RANR(S)) joined.

Three of the transports of the combined convoy parted company near Townsville and entered that port on the 11th, these were the Aldinga, Macumba and Oliver Hazard Perry. The Fiona also parted company with the convoy to proceed to Lucinda Point.

Around 1700K/13, the mineweeper HMAS Warrnambool (T/Lt. E.J. Barron, RANR(S)) joined the convoy coming from Port Moresby.

Around 1830K/13, Convoy B 2 split off bound for Port Moresby. This convoy was made up of the John G. Whittier and the Zebulon Pike escorted by HMAS Warrnambool. Convoy B 2 arrived at Port Moresby around 1400K/14.

Convoy A 2, made up of the transports Balikpapan, Bontekoe and Van Heemskerk meanwhile continued on towards Fall River (Milne Bay) still escorted by HMAS Arunta and HMAS Katoomba.

Around 1250K/14, HMAS Katoomba parted company to proceed to the assistance of the submarine S-39 (Lt. F.E. Brown, USN) which had grounded on a reef near Rossel Island.

Convoy A 2, escorted by HMAS Arunta arrived at Fall River, Milne Bay around 0920K/15.

15 Sep 1942
Around 1400K/15, HMAS Stuart (Cdr. S.H.K. Spurgeon, DSO, RAN), HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN) departed Milne Bay escorting a convoy to Townsville.

[ No further details available.] (3)

16 Sep 1942
Around 1600K/16, HMAS Stuart (Cdr. S.H.K. Spurgeon, DSO, RAN) parted company with HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN) and the convoy which was en-route from Milne Bay to Townsville. (3)

15 Nov 1942

Convoy O.

This convoy departed Townsville around 1800K/15.

It was made up of the following transports; Balikpapan (Dutch, 1279 GRT, built 1938), Bantam (Dutch, 3322 GRT, built 1930), Bontekoe (Dutch, 4668 GRT, built 1923), Both (Dutch, 2608 GRT, built 1931), Cremer (Dutch, 4608 GRT, built 1926), Japara (Dutch, 3323 GRT, built 1930), Jesse Applegate (American, 7176 GRT, built 1942), John B. Ashe (American, 7176 GRT, built 1942) and Maetsuycker (Dutch, 4131 GRT, built 1936).

On departure from Townsville the convoy was escorted by the destroyer HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN) and the minesweepers HMAS Ballarat (T/Lt.Cdr. A.D. Barling, RANR(S)) and HMAS Katoomba (Cdr. A.P. Cousin, RANR(S)).

Around 1930K/17, the convoy split up in two sections.

The ' Port Moresby ' section was made up of the Bontekoe, Both, Cremer, Maetsuycker and Jesse Applegate. It was escorted by HMAS Arunta. Around 1500K/18, the minesweeper HMAS Broome (Lt.Cdr. R.A. Denovan, RANVR) joined coming from Port Moresby. This section of the convoy arrived at Port Moresby around 1915K/18.

The ' Milne Bay ' section was made up of the Balikpapan, Bantam, Japara and John B. Ashe. This section was escorted by HMAS Ballarat and HMAS Katoomba. This section of the convoy arrived at Fall River around 1300K/19.

30 Nov 1942
Around 1400K/30, the destroyers HMAS Stuart (Cdr. S.H.K. Spurgeon, DSO, RAN) and HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN) departed Port Moresby for Townsville.

Around 1420K/1, they parted company near Palm Island and then proceeded to Townsville individually arriving there later the same day. (4)

2 Dec 1942
Around 1900K/2, HMAS Stuart (Cdr. S.H.K. Spurgeon, DSO, RAN) and HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN) departed Townsville for Port Moresby. (5)

4 Dec 1942
Around 0900K/4, HMAS Stuart (Cdr. S.H.K. Spurgeon, DSO, RAN) and HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN) arrived at Port Moresby from Townsville. (5)

4 Dec 1942
Around 1515K/4, HMAS Stuart (Cdr. S.H.K. Spurgeon, DSO, RAN) and HMAS Arunta (Cdr. J.C. Morrow, DSO, RAN) departed Port Moresby for Townsville and Cairs respectively where they were to clean boilers. They both arrived at their destinations on the 5th.

During her stay at Townsville apparently an accident occurred in ' B ' boiler room and repairs had to be undertaken rendering HMAS Stuart out of service for almost two months. (6)

24 Sep 1943
HMAS Arunta (Cdr. A.E. Buchanan, DSO, RAN) and HMAS Stuart (Lt.Cdr. N.A. Mackinnon, RAN) conducted exercises in Port Phillip. (7)

27 Sep 1943

Convoy PV 2.

This convoy departed Port Phillip (Melbourne) on 27 September 1943.

It was made up of the following transports; Andrew D. White (American, 7194 GRT, built 1943), B.F. Shaw (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), Both (Dutch, 2608 GRT, built 1931), Charles H. Windham (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), George H. Flanders (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), George S. Boutwell (American, 7191 GRT, built 1943), James W. Grimes (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), John Whiteaker (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943) and William Ellery Channing (American, 7176 GRT, built 1942).

On departure the convoy was escorted by the destroyers HMAS Arunta (Cdr. A.E. Buchanan, DSO, RAN), HMAS Stuart (Lt.Cdr. N.A. Mackinnon, RAN) and the minesweepers HMAS Bendigo (Lt. J.H. Dowson, RAN) and HMAS Goulburn (Lt.Cdr. Collins, RANR(S)).

Around 0800K/29, the destroyer HMAS Warramunga (Cdr. E.F.V. Dechaineux, DSC, RAN) joined.

Around 2000K/29, HMAS Bendigo parted company.

Around 1545K/2, the convoy escorted parted company with the convoy near Lady Elliot Island. HMAS Arunta and HMAS Stuart set course for Brisbane, HMAS Warramunga for Sydney and HMAS Goulburn for Gladstone.

The convoy arrived at Townsville on 3 October 1943.

3 Oct 1943
Around 1045L/3, HMAS Arunta (Cdr. A.E. Buchanan, DSO, RAN) and HMAS Stuart (Lt.Cdr. N.A. Mackinnon, RAN) arrived at Brisbane. (8)

11 Oct 1943

Convoy PV 4.

This convoy departed Port Phillip (Melbourne) on 11 October 1943.

It was made up of the following transports; Charles P. Steinmetz (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), Francis G. Newlands (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943) and John Carroll (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943).

On departure from Melbourne the convoy was escorted by the destroyers HMAS Arunta (Cdr. A.E. Buchanan, DSO, RAN) and HMAS Stuart (Lt.Cdr. N.A. Mackinnon, RAN).

The convoy arrived at Townsville on 18 October 1943. (8)

20 Oct 1943

Convoy TN 170.

This convoy departed Townsville on 20 October 1943 for New Guinea.

It was made up of the following transports; Charles P. Steinmetz (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), Francis G. Newlands (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943) and John Carroll (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943).

The landing ships HMAS Manoora (A/Capt. C.C. Baldwin, RAN) and HMAS Westralia (Cdr. A.V. Knight, RD, RANR(S)) were also part of the convoy.

They were escorted by the destroyers HMAS Arunta (Cdr. A.E. Buchanan, DSO, RAN), HMAS Stuart (Lt.Cdr. N.A. Mackinnon, RAN), USS Conyngham (T/Cdr. J.H. Ward, USN) and the patrol vessel USS PC-1124 (Lt. R.F. Sheffield, USNR).

Around 1130L/23, the convoy split up, USS Conyngham and USS PC-1124 immediately entered Milne Bay. HMAS Arunta and the three Liberty ships proceeded to Goodenough Island (Beli Beli Bay) arriving around 1845L/23 while HMAS Stuart with the two landing ships proceeded to Oro Bay arriving around 0700L/24. (8)

9 May 1945
Around 1430K/9 the destroyer HMAS Arunta (Cdr. A.E. Buchanan, DSO, RAN) departed Manus followed around 1800K/9 by the light cruiser HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN).

Around 1700I/9, the light cruiser HMAS Hobart (Capt. R.S. Dowling, RAN) and the destroyer HMAS Warramunga (Cdr. M.J. Clark, DSC, RAN) departed Hollandia.

Both forces made rendezvous off Cape Wom around 0800K/10 and the 'Wewak support force' arrived off Wewak around 1300K/10.

After a preliminary run along the coast to search for the targets the sheduled bombardment commenced.

Around 1600K/10, the force retired to seaward for the night.

At 0630K/11, the 'Wewak support force' made rendezvous with the 'Wewak force' made up of the sloop HMAS Swan (Lt. W.J. Dovers, RAN) and minesweepers/corvettes Colac (Lt. K.J. Hopper, RANR(S)) and HMAS Dubbo (T/Lt. F.W. Roberts, RANR(S)) and the assault forces proceeded to their fire support areas. From 0730K/11, targets were successfully engaged to cover the assault on Red Beach. The bombardment was completed at 0840K/11.

After the landing the 'Wewak support force' retired to seaward.

Around 1230K/11, HMS Newfoundland obtained an A/S contact which was subsequently depth charged by HMAS Arunta. Both destroyers then continued to search the area during the afternoon but no further contact was obtained.

Around 1700 hours, HMAS Hobart and HMS Newfoundland carried out another bombardment after which the force was released and proceeded to Hollandia arriving there at 0700I/9. (9)

27 Jun 1945
In the morning HrMs Tromp (A/Capt. F. Stam, RNN) bombarded Japanese shore guns off Balikpapan.

Later that day Tromp joined Task Force 74.1 which was made up of the Australian heavy cruiser HMAS Shropshire (Capt. C.A.G. Nichols, MVO, DSO, RN), the Australian light cruiser HMAS Hobart (Capt. R.S. Dowling, RAN), the Australian destroyer HMAS Arunta (Cdr. A.E. Buchanan, DSO, RAN) and the US destroyers USS Hart (Cdr. W.D. Coleman, USN) and USS Metcalf (Cdr. D.L. Martineau, USN). (10)

Media links


Destroyers of World War Two

Whitley, M. J.

Sources

  1. File 2.12.03.6849 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
  2. Report of proceedings of HMAS Arunta for June 1942 + Report of proceedings of HMAS Kalgoorlie for June 1942
  3. Report of proceedings of HMAS Arunta for September 1942
  4. Report of proceedings of HMAS Arunta for November 1942 + Report of proceedings of HMAS Arunta for December 1942
  5. Report of proceedings of HMAS Arunta for December 1942
  6. Report of proceedings of HMAS Arunta for December 1942 + War diary Naval Officer in Charge, Port Moresby for December 1942
  7. Report of proceedings of HMAS Arunta for September 1943 + Report of proceedings of HMAS Stuart for September 1943
  8. Report of proceedings of HMAS Arunta for October 1943 + Report of proceedings of HMAS Stuart for October 1943
  9. ADM 53/121909 + Report from HMAS Hobart
  10. Files 2.12.03.6855 and 2.12.27.121 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)

ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.


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