Allied Warships

HMS Newfoundland (59)

Light cruiser of the Fiji class


HMS Newfoundland in 1945

NavyThe Royal Navy
TypeLight cruiser
ClassFiji 
Pennant59 
Built bySwan Hunter and Wigham Richardson Ltd. (Wallsend-on-Tyne, U.K.): Wallsend 
Ordered4 Sep 1939 
Laid down9 Nov 1939 
Launched19 Dec 1941 
Commissioned21 Jan 1943 
End service24 Jun 1959 
History

HMS Newfoundland was decommissioned for the last time on 24 June 1959 and sold to the Peruvian Navy on 30 December 1959 being renamed Almirante Grau.
Renamed Capitan Quinones on 15 May 1973.
Capitan Quinones was discarded in 1979 and subsequently scrapped in Japan.

 

Hit by U-boat
Damaged on 23 Jul 1943 by U-407 (Brüller).

U-boat AttackSee our U-boat attack entry for the HMS Newfoundland

Commands listed for HMS Newfoundland (59)

Please note that we're still working on this section.

CommanderFromTo
1Capt. William Rudolph Slayter, DSC, RN13 Oct 194228 Sep 1943
2Cdr. Guy Robert Pilcher, RN28 Sep 19434 Feb 1944
3Cdr. Aylmer Maurice Rundle, RN4 Feb 194419 Feb 1944
4Capt. Richard William Ravenhill, DSC, RN19 Feb 1944ca. Oct 45
5Capt. Cecil Charles Acland Allen, RNca. Oct 456 Jan 1947

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Notable events involving Newfoundland include:


The page of this light cruiser was last updated in October 2021.

15 Jan 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) shifted from the Tyne (North Shields) to Rosyth. (1)

16 Jan 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) conducted full power trials off the Firth of Forth. (1)

20 Jan 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) conducted full power trials off the Firth of Forth. (1)

21 Jan 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) conducted aircraft launching and recovery trials in the Firth of Forth. Also D/G trials were carried out. Upon completion of these she set course for Scapa Flow. (1)

22 Jan 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) arrived at Scapa Flow to begin a work-up period. (1)

28 Jan 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) conducted gunnery exercises at Scapa Flow. (1)

29 Jan 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) conducted gunnery exercises at Scapa Flow. (1)

1 Feb 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) made several runs over the measured mile at Scapa Flow. These were followed by gunnery exercises. (2)

4 Feb 1943
HMS Malaya (Capt. J.W.A. Waller, RN) and HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) conducted rangefinding and inclination exercises off Scapa Flow. (3)

5 Feb 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) conducted torpedo firing exercises at Scapa Flow. (2)

9 Feb 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) conducted D/G trials and torpedo firing exercises at Scapa Flow. (2)

10 Feb 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. (2)

11 Feb 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) conducted aircraft launching / recovery and torpedo firing exercises at Scapa Flow. (2)

16 Feb 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. (2)

17 Feb 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) conducted torpedo firing exercises at Scapa Flow. (2)

19 Feb 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) conducted torpedo firing exercises at Scapa Flow. (2)

23 Feb 1943
HMS Kenya (Capt. D.P. Evans, RN) and HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) conducted gunnery and radar exercises to the west of Scapa Flow. (4)

24 Feb 1943
HMS P 31 (Lt. L.E. Herrick, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises at Scapa Flow with HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) and HMS Kenya (Capt. D.P. Evans, RN).

Following these A/S exercises, HMS Kenya and HMS Newfoundland conducted gunnery exercises to the west of Scapa Flow. (5)

25 Feb 1943
In the morning, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN), served as target for HMS Bermuda (Capt. T.H. Back, RN) during exercises off Scapa Flow. (2)

26 Feb 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) conducted underway refuelling exercises with HMS Eggesford (Lt.Cdr. D.W. Austin, RN). Upon completion of these HMS Newfoundland conducted gunnery exercises at Scapa Flow. (2)

2 Mar 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) and HMS Carlisle (Capt. H.F. Nalder, RN) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. (6)

3 Mar 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) conducted torpedo firing and gunnery exercises at Scapa Flow. (7)

4 Mar 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) conducted gunnery exercises (including HA) off Scapa Flow. (7)

5 Mar 1943
HMS Anson (Capt. H.R.G. Kinahan, CBE, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral B.A. Fraser, CB, KBE, RN), HMS Furious (Capt. G.T. Philip, DSC, RN), HMS Bermuda (Capt. T.H. Back, RN), HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN), HMCS Athabascan (Cdr. G.R. Miles, DSO, OBE, RCN), HMS Rapid (Lt.Cdr. M.W. Tomkinson, DSC and Bar, RN), HMS Matchless (Lt.Cdr. J. Mowlam, DSO, RN), HMS Charlestown (Lt. W.F.B. Webb, DSC, RN) and FFS La Combattante (Lt.Cdr. A. Patou) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. (7)

10 Mar 1943
Around 1600/10, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) departed Scapa Flow for Plymouth where she arrived around 0930/12. (7)

17 Mar 1943
Around 1545/17, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN), HMS Meteor (Lt.Cdr. D.J.B. Jewitt, RN) and HMS Musketeer (Cdr. E.N.V. Currey, DSC, RN), departed Plymouth for a patrol off the Bay of Biscay to intercept enemy blockade breakers.

They returned to Plymouth around 1350/21. (8)

21 Mar 1943
After fuelling, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) and HMS Meteor (Lt.Cdr. D.J.B. Jewitt, RN) departed Plymouth again around 1845/21 for another patrol off the Bay of Biscay to intercept enemy blockade breakers.

Around 0845/24, HMS Meteor was detached to return to Plymouth where she arrived on the 26th.

HMS Newfoundland returned to Plymouth around 1600/29. (8)

4 Apr 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) departed Plymouth for patrol in the Bay of Biscay and subsequent onward passage to Gibraltar where she arrived on the 9th. On departure from Plymouth the Polish destroyers ORP Piorun (Cdr. T. Gorazdowski) and ORP Orkan (Cdr. S. Hryniewiecki) were with her. These destroyers returned to Plymouth on the 8th. (9)

10 Apr 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) and HMS Eskimo (Capt. J.W.M. Eaton, DSO, DSC, RN) departed Gibraltar for Mers-el-Kebir where they arrived later the same day. (10)

14 Apr 1943
Around 0800A/14, ' Force H ', which was made up of the battleships HMS Nelson (Capt. G.H.E. Russell, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral A.U. Willis, CB, DSO, RN), HMS Rodney (Capt. J.W. Rivett-Carnac, DSC, RN), aircraft carrier HMS Formidable (Capt. A.G. Talbot, DSO, RN), light cruiser HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN), destroyers HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN), HMS Lookout (Lt.Cdr. A.G. Forman, DSC, RN), HMS Loyal (Lt.Cdr. H.E.F. Tweedie, DSC, RN), HMS Antelope (Lt.Cdr. E.N. Sinclair, RN), HMS Velox (Lt. G.B. Barstow, RN), escort destroyers HMS Farndale (Cdr. D.P. Trentham, RN), HMS Holcombe (Lt.Cdr. S.H. Pinchin, DSC, RN), HMS Liddesdale (Lt.Cdr. A.A. Mackenzie, RNR), HMS Tynedale (Lt. J.J.S. Yorke, DSC, RN) and RHS Adrias (Cdr. I. Toumbas) departed Mers-el-Kebir for Gibraltar.

They arrived at Gibraltar around 0900A/15. En-route, various exercises had been carried out. (11)

16 Apr 1943
Around 1000 hours, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN), HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN), HMS Lookout (Lt.Cdr. A.G. Forman, DSC, RN) and HMS Loyal (Lt.Cdr. H.E.F. Tweedie, DSC, RN), departed Gibraltar for Algiers where they arrived the next day. (12)

4 May 1943
HMS Aurora (Capt. W.G. Agnew, CB, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN) and HMS Penelope (Capt. G.D. Belben, DSC, AM, RN) shifted from Bone for Algiers.

On the same day HMS Sirius (Capt. P.W.B. Brooking, DSO, RN) and HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) proceeded in the opposite direction.

Around 1130 hours, while en-route, these cruisers conducted exercises with each other for about half an hour. (13)

18 May 1943
HMS Aurora (Capt. W.G. Agnew, CB, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN) and HMS Penelope (Capt. G.D. Belben, DSC, AM, RN) shifted from Algiers to Bone.

On the same day HMS Sirius (Capt. P.W.B. Brooking, DSO, RN) and HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) proceeded in the opposite direction.

Around 1115 hours, while en-route, these cruisers conducted exercises with each other for nearly half an hour. (13)

22 May 1943
Around 1630/22, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN), departed Algiers for Malta. She was escorted by HMS Tartar (Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, DSC, RN).

HMS Newfoundland had embarked Admiral of the Fleet Sir A.B. Cunningham, GCB, DSO and 2 Bars, RN for passage to Malta.

Theyarrived at Malta around 1800/23. (14)

28 May 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN), HMS Jervis (Capt. A.F. Pugsley, DSO, RN) and HMS Petard (Lt.Cdr. R.C. Egan, RN) conducted exercises off Malta. (15)

4 Jun 1943
Around 2100/4, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN), HMS Troubridge (Capt. C.L. Firth, MVO, RN) and HMS Paladin (Lt.Cdr. L. St.G. Rich, DSO, RN), departed Malta for a bombardment of Pantellaria.

The bombardment was carried out between 0540/5 and 0600/5.

They arrived back at Malta around 1300/5. (16)

7 Jun 1943
Around 2015/7, the light cruisers HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN), HMS Euryalus (Capt. E.W. Bush, DSO and Bar, DSC, RN), HMS Penelope (Capt. G.D. Belben, DSC, AM, RN), HMS Orion (Capt. G.C.P. Menzies, RN) and the destroyers HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN), HMS Lookout (Lt.Cdr. A.G. Forman, DSC, RN), HMS Loyal (Lt.Cdr. H.E.F. Tweedie, DSC, RN), HMS Jervis (Capt. A.F. Pugsley, DSO, RN), HMS Nubian (Cdr. D.E. Holland-Martin, DSC, RN) and HMS Tartar (Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, DSC, RN) departed Malta to bombard Pantellaria.

Around 0800/8, the light cruiser HMS Aurora (Commodore W.G. Agnew, CB, RN, with General Eisenhower and Admiral Cunningham on board) departed Bone to join the other ships. At sea, around 0620/8, she was joined by the destroyer HMS Troubridge (Capt. C.L. Firth, MVO, RN).

The island was bombarded between approximately 1115/8 and 1215/8. HMS Aurora also bombarded the island (harbour area). She opened fire at 1126 and ceased fire after having fired 35 round of 6".

Following the bombardment HMS Newfoundland, HMS Penelope, HMS Orion and the destroyers returned to Malta arriving around 2230/8. HMS Euryalus proceeded to Bone where she arrived around /8. En-route to Bone HMS Euryalus, was attacked at 1405/8, near Cape Bon in position 36°59'N, 11°17'E, by seven FW 109's but she was not damaged despite being near-missed several times. HMS Euryalus arrived at Bone around 2100/8.

HMS Aurora, still escorted by HMS Troubridge, proceeded to Bizerta to land the General and the Admiral. She arrived there around 1700/8. A little over an hour later she departed Bizerta for Malta escorted by HMS Troubridge and RHS Vasilissa Olga (Lt.Cdr. G. Blessas). They arrived at Malta around 0715/9. (17)

11 Jun 1943

Operation Corkscrew.

Capture of Pantellaria and Lampedusa.

From Sfax, ' Convoy A ' sailed for the landings on Pantelleria. This convoy was made up the headquarters ship HMS Largs (Cdr. E.A. Divers, OBE, RNR, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral R.R. McGregor, RN), landing ships HMS Princess Beatrix (Cdr.(Retd.) T.B. Brunton, DSC, RN) and HMS Queen Emma (Capt.(Retd.) G.L.D. Gibbs, DSO and Bar, RN). They were escorted by the escort destroyers HMS Eggesford (Lt.Cdr. D.W. Austin, RN), HMS Lauderdale (Lt. G.D. Pound, DSC, RN) and HMS Whaddon (Lt.Cdr. J.B. Palmer, RN).

From Sousse, departed ' Convoy B ' and ' Convoy C '.
' Convoy B ' was made up of the landing ship HMS Royal Ulsterman (Lt.Cdr. W.R.K. Clark, DSC, RD RNR), 20 LCI(L)'s and 2 ML's. They were escorted by the escort destroyers HMS Lamerton (Lt.Cdr. C.R. Purse, DSC and Bar, RN) and HMS Wheatland (Lt.Cdr. R.deL. Brooke, DSO, DSC and Bar, RN).
' Convoy C ' was made up of landing ship HMS Misoa (Lt.Cdr. J.W. Grace, DSC, RD, RNR), gunboat HMS Aphis ( Lt.Cdr. F.Y. Bethell, RN), and 21 LCI(L)'s, 4 LCF's and 2 ML's. They were escorted by the minesweepers HMS Clacton (A/Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) L.S. Shaw, RNR), HMS Polruan (Lt. C.D. Sampson, RNVR), HMS Rhyl (Cdr. L.J.S. Ede, DSO, RN), HMS Stornoway (T/A/Lt.Cdr. C.R. Fraser, RNR) and the M/S trawlers HMS Hoy (T/Lt. G.H. McNair, MBE, RNVR), HMS Inchcolm (Skr. A.C. Whitcombe, RNR), HMS Mull (T/Lt. R.R. Simpson, RNR) and HMS Rysa (T/Lt. J.H. Cooper, RNVR).

From Malta departed the bombardment / cover force which was made up of the light cruisers HMS Aurora (Commodore W.G. Agnew, CB, RN), HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN), HMS Orion (Capt. G.C.P. Menzies, RN), HMS Penelope (Capt. G.D. Belben, DSC, AM, RN) and the destroyers HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN), HMS Lookout (Lt.Cdr. A.G. Forman, DSC, RN), HMS Loyal (Lt.Cdr. H.E.F. Tweedie, DSC, RN), HMS Jervis (Capt. A.F. Pugsley, DSO, RN), HMS Nubian (Cdr. D.E. Holland-Martin, DSC, RN) and HMS Tartar (Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, DSC, RN), HMS Troubridge (Capt. C.L. Firth, MVO, RN) and RHS Vasilissa Olga (Lt.Cdr. G. Blessas).

Eight motor torpedo boats and / or motor gun boats were also set to patrol in the area.

All forces sailed on 10 June to be off Pantellaria on 11 June 1944.

A final bombardment was then carried out and also aircraft from North African air bases carried out attacks. The island surrendered shortly before noon without further fighting. Rear-Admiral McGregor transferred his flag to HMS Tartar. HMS Largs, landing ships, landing craft and escorts were then ordered to proceed to Sousse.

The cruisers and fleet destroyers then proceeded to Lampedusa. Bombandment of that island commenced at 2245/11 and continued throughout the 12th. Also air bombardments were carried out. The island surrendered in the evening.

Weather was to bad to land at Lampion Island but the island appeared to be uninhabited.

The surrender of Linosa Island was accepted by HMS Nubian.

The forces that were still at sea were then dispersed. (18)

13 Jun 1943
In the evening, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN) and HMS Lookout (Lt.Cdr. A.G. Forman, DSC, RN) returned to Malta from operations. (16)

15 Jun 1943
Around 1200/15, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN), departed Malta for Suez.

She arrived at Suez around 1830/17. (19)

19 Jun 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN) and HMS Mauritius (Capt. W.W. Davis, RN) conducted exercises in the Gulf of Suez. (20)

20 Jun 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN) and HMS Mauritius (Capt. W.W. Davis, RN) both conducted exercises in the Gulf of Suez. (20)

21 Jun 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN) departed Suez and passed the Suez Canal Northbound. After a short stopover at Port Said she departed for Malta later the same day. (19)

23 Jun 1943
Around 1400 hours, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN), arrived at Malta. (19)

28 Jun 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Malta. From around 0930 hours the destroyers HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN) and HMS Tartar (Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, DSC, RN) were with her. At 1200 hours they parted company while HMS Lookout (Lt.Cdr. A.G. Forman, DSC, RN) joined. HMS Lookout parted company around 1340 hours.

HMS Newfoundland returned to harbour around 1520 hours. (19)

4 Jul 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN) conducted HA gunnery exercises off Malta. (21)

9 Jul 1943
Around 0845/9, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN) and HMS Orion (Capt. G.C.P. Menzies, RN), departed Malta for their part in operation ' Husky '. They were to escort convoy KMF 18 during it's final approach. They were also designated as ' Bombarding Group for the Bark areas '.

They joined the convoy around 1200/9.

Around 2000/7, they were joined by the destroyers HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN) and HMS Loyal (Lt.Cdr. H.E.F. Tweedie, DSC, RN) which were alsp part of the ' Bombarding Group for the Bark areas '. Most likely HMS Lookout (Lt.Cdr. A.G. Forman, DSC, RN) was also operating in the area. These ships were part of ' Force K ' together with two other cruisers and three destroyers which were assigned ' Bombarding Group for the Acid areas '.

The convoy was released around 0030/10 when it was approaching the landing zone. The landings commenced about two hours later. (22)

10 Jul 1943
Around 0115/10, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN), HMS Orion (Capt. G.C.P. Menzies, RN), HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN) and HMS Loyal (Lt.Cdr. H.E.F. Tweedie, DSC, RN) split up. HMS Orion and HMS Loyal were ordered to act independently. Most likely HMS Lookout (Lt.Cdr. A.G. Forman, DSC, RN) was also operating in the area.

HMS Laforey assisted in silencing machine guns in Porto Palo Bay.

At 1237/10, HMS Newcastle fired a few rounds against a shore target.

Between 1942 and 1954 hours, HMS Newfoundland bombarded Spaccaforno.

Between 1958 and 2010 hours, HMS Orion bombarded Rosolini.

Between 2031 and 2039 hours, HMS Newfoundland bombarded Rosolini. (23)

11 Jul 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN), HMS Orion (Capt. G.C.P. Menzies, RN), HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN), HMS Lookout (Lt.Cdr. A.G. Forman, DSC, RN) and HMS Loyal (Lt.Cdr. H.E.F. Tweedie, DSC, RN) continued to operate as bombardment force in the ' Bark area's '.

During daylight the ships more or less acted independently retiring to seaward around dusk with the destroyers screening the cruisers during darkness.

The town of Modica was bombarded by HMS Orion late in the afternoon. (23)

12 Jul 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN), HMS Orion (Capt. G.C.P. Menzies, RN), HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN), HMS Lookout (Lt.Cdr. A.G. Forman, DSC, RN) and HMS Loyal (Lt.Cdr. H.E.F. Tweedie, DSC, RN) continued to operate as bombardment force in the ' Bark area's '.

During daylight the ships more or less acted independently retiring to seaward around dusk with the destroyers screening the cruisers during darkness.

HMS Orion went a bit further north and late in the morning, early in the afternoon she conducted several bombardments (5) on the town of Catania.

In the evening several air attacks were carried out on the ships but none was damaged although some bombs exploded close to HMS Loyal. (23)

13 Jul 1943
The bombardment force of the Acid area; made up of the light cruisers HMS Mauritius (Capt. W.W. Davis, RN), HMS Uganda (Capt. W.G. Andrewes, RN) and the destroyer HMS Nubian (Cdr. D.E. Holland-Martin, DSC, RN) [the damaged destroyer HMS Eskimo (Capt. J.W.M. Eaton, DSO, DSC, RN) had been towed to Malta by her sister ship HMS Tartar (Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, DSC, RN)] and the bombardment force of the Bark area; the light cruisers HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN), HMS Orion (Capt. G.C.P. Menzies, RN) and the destroyers HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN), HMS Lookout (Lt.Cdr. A.G. Forman, DSC, RN) and HMS Loyal (Lt.Cdr. H.E.F. Tweedie, DSC, RN) joined company [' Force K '].

Around 0500 hours several enemy aircraft attacked ' Force K '. Bombs were dropped close to HMS Laforey but she sustained no damage.

During the day several bombardments were carried out. Around 0900 hours HMS Mauritius commenced a bombardment of the towns of Lentini and Carlentini. She had to break off this bombardment at 0923 hours when a heavy shore battery opened fire on her. This battery was then taken under fire between 0940 and 1000 hours.

At 1000 hours another coastal battery near Brucoli was then being fired upon briefly by HMS Newfoundland and all destroyers.

Also around this time HMS Orion, HMS Uganda and HMS Nubian parted company to proceed to Malta to load ammunition and fuel. They arrived at Malta around 1430 hours.

Around noon both HMS Loyal and HMS Mauritius reported being attacked by aircraft.

Around 1630 hours, HMS Loyal was detached to Malta.

Between 1700 and 1724 hours, HMS Mauritius bombarded a target to the south of Catania. Coastal batteries opened fire on her and at 1724 she was straddled and then withdrew out of range of the heavy coastal battery.

At 1705 hours, HMS Newfoundland briefly bombarded Lentini (only for 2 minutes).

Between 1745 and 1800 hours, HMS Mauritius bombarded Lentini.

At 1950 hours, HMS Newfoundland, HMS Mauritius, HMS Laforey and HMS Lookout formed formation and retired to seaward for the night.

HMS Newfoundland had carried out two bombardments on this day and HMS Mauritius seven. The monitor HMS Erebus (Cdr.(Retd.) H.W. D'Arcy-Evans, RN) was also operating in the area. (24)

14 Jul 1943
Around 0600 hours the ships of ' Force K ' that were currently operating of the east coast of Sicily were once again ordered to act independently. These were HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN), HMS Mauritius (Capt. W.W. Davis, RN), HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN) and HMS Lookout (Lt.Cdr. A.G. Forman, DSC, RN).

During the day these ships were attacked several times by enemy aircraft but no damage was sustained.

At 0710 hours, HMS Mauritius and HMS Laforey opened fire on the town of Lentini. At 0730 hours, HMS Mauritius came under fire from shore batteries.

At 0839 hours, HMS Newfoundland opened fire on an enemy battery. Fire was ceased at 0916 hours when the battery was reported to have been destroyed.

At 1110 hours, HMS Newfoundland opened fire on a machine gun nest. Fire was ceased at 1119 hours when it was reported to have been destroyed.

Around 1200 hours, HMS Uganda (Capt. W.G. Andrewes, RN), HMS Orion (Capt. G.C.P. Menzies, RN) and HMS Nubian (Cdr. D.E. Holland-Martin, DSC, RN) departed Malta to return to the bombardment area.

At 1450 hours, HMS Newfoundland opened fire on a shore target. Fire was ceased at 1525 hours when it was reported to have been destroyed.

At 1705 hours, HMS Newfoundland opened fire on an enemy gun emplacement. Fire was ceased at 1735 hours when the target was reported to have been destroyed. Heavy explosions were observed in the target area.

Around 1800 hours, HMS Newfoundland, HMS Mauritius, HMS Laforey and HMS Lookout departed the area to proceed to Malta to fuel and re-ammunition. They arrived at Malta around 2215 hours.

Around 2020 hours, both HMS Uganda and HMS Orion commenced a short bombardment of Catania. Fire was ceased after around ten minutes. (25)

16 Jul 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN), HMS Mauritius (Capt. W.W. Davis, RN), HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN) and HMS Lookout (Lt.Cdr. A.G. Forman, DSC, RN) departed Malta for operations off the east coast of Sicily.

At 1340 hours, HMS Newfoundland opened fire on an enemy target near Misterbianco. Fire was ceased around 1435 hours.'

At 1445 hours, HMS Mauritius bombarded the road between Misterbianco and Catania. Fire was ceased around 1520 hours.

In the evening HMS Newfoundland, HMS Mauritius, HMS Laforey and HMS Lookout entered Augusta. (26)

19 Jul 1943
During this day the light cruisers HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN), HMS Mauritius (Capt. W.W. Davis, RN), destroyers HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN), HMS Lookout (Lt.Cdr. A.G. Forman, DSC, RN) and the dutch sloop HMS Flores (Lt.Cdr. J.S. Bax, RNN) engaged a total of seventeen targets on the east coast of Sicily, including nine batteries, in answer to calls from the army. (27)

21 Jul 1943
During the day the light cruiser HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN) and the destroyers HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN), HMS Lookout (Lt.Cdr. A.G. Forman, DSC, RN) bombarded shore targets in the Catania area.

In the afternoon HMS Laforey came under fire from a shore battery and was forced to retire. (27)

22 Jul 1943
Late in the morning the light cruisers HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN), HMS Mauritius (Capt. W.W. Davis, RN), destroyers HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN), HMS Lookout (Lt.Cdr. A.G. Forman, DSC, RN) and HMS Loyal (Lt.Cdr. H.E.F. Tweedie, DSC, RN) were cruising off Catania to commence a bombardment when they were taken under fire from long range by unlocated enemy batteries to the north of Catania. Early in the afternoon they came under attack from enemy aircraft and bombs were dropped close to HMS Loyal.

The force then returned to Augusta without having carried out any bombardments. (28)

23 Jul 1943
Around 1250 hours, the light cruisers HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral C.H.J. Harcourt, CBE, RN), HMS Mauritius (Capt. W.W. Davis, RN) and the destroyers HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN), HMS Lookout (Lt.Cdr. A.G. Forman, DSC, RN) and HMS Loyal (Lt.Cdr. H.E.F. Tweedie, DSC, RN) departed Augusta for Malta.

At 1341 hours (1338 hours according to German sources), while in position 37°03'N, 15°24'E, HMS Newfoundland was hit in the stern by a torpedo from the German submarine U-407. Her rudder was blown off but she was able to continue at 22 knots steering by her propellers.

HMS Laforey was detached to hunt the submarine where the remainder of the ships continued their passage to Malta where they arrived around 173 hours.

HMS Laforey meanwhile searched for the attacker. She attacked a contact at 1428 hours but this was thought to be non-sub.

At 1440 hours, she joined the 8th Destroyer Flottila which was patrolling in the area and they commenced a box search. Six destroyers were now present, these were HMS Laforey, HMS Raider (Lt.Cdr. K.W. Michell, RN), HMS Inglefield (Cdr. C.F.H. Churchill, DSC, RN), HMS Ilex (Lt.Cdr. V.A. Wight-Boycott, OBE, RN), HMS Faulknor (Capt. A.K. Scott-Moncrieff, DSO, RN) and HMS Eclipse (Lt.Cdr. E. Mack, DSO, DSC, RN).

At 1541 hours, while sweeping northwards HMS Laforey and HMS Eclipse sighted two torpedo tracks coming their way. They combed the tracks and commenced an attack. At 1550 hours HMS Laforey dropped a pattern of eight depth charges for no result. Shortly afterwards HMS Eclipse dropped a pattern of five depth charges.

HMS Laforey made a second attack at 1557 hours and HMS Eclipse also made a second attack at 1608 hours.

At 1615 hours HMS Laforey made her third attack in which, once again, eight depth charges were dropped. Shortly afterwards the Italian submarine Ascianghi surfaced in her wake. The other destroyers closed in and opened fire with all guns. The submarine sank stern first at 1623 hours. A total of twenty-seven survivors were picked up by HMS Laforey and HMS Eclipse.

It was long thought that it had been Ascianghi which had torpedoed and damaged HMS Newfoundland as the Italians had claimed to have attacked a cruiser but their torpedoes were in fact the ones sighted by HMS Laforey and HMS Eclipse at 1451 hours. The German submarine had managed to slip away undected. (29)

25 Jul 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) is docked in No.4 Dock at Malta for temporary repairs. (21)

7 Aug 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) is undocked at Malta. (30)

8 Aug 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) departed Malta for Gibraltar. She is escorted by the escort destroyer HMS Blankney (Lt.Cdr. D.H.R. Bromley, RN). (30)

10 Aug 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) and HMS Blankney (Lt.Cdr. D.H.R. Bromley, RN) arrived at Gibraltar. (30)

11 Aug 1943
Around 0845/11, the Oran section of a convoy (Task Group 89.6) made up of the US transport USS Merak (6982 GRT, built 1932, Lt.Cdr. J.C. Cawthon, USN) and the US tankers USS Chemung (T/Capt. J.J. Twomey, USN) and Salamonie (T/Capt. L.J. Johns, USN) formed off Mers-el-Kebir. They were escorted by the destroyers USS Butler (T/Cdr. M.D. Matthews, USN, with the C.O. DesDiv 34, T/Capt. J.B. Rooney, USN, on board), USS Earle (T/Capt. H.W. Howe, USN), USS Gherardi (T/Cdr. J.W. Schmidt, USN) and USS Roe (T/Cdr. R.L. Nolan, Jr., USN). Course was set to the westwards.

Around 0215/12, the damaged cruiser HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) departed Gibraltar to join the convoy for passage to the USA for repairs.

Around 1300/12, the Casablanca section of the convoy departed Casablanca to join the Oran section at sea. They merged around 1530/12. The Casablanca section of Task Group 89.6 was made up of the tanker Buena Vista (10198 GRT, built 1943) and the transports Borinquen (7114 GRT, built 1931), USS Chateau Thierry (9050 GRT, built 1920, Cdr. B.W. Cloud, USN), Evangeline (5043 GRT, built 1927), Mexico (5236 GRT, built 1932), USS Orizaba (6937 GRT, built 1918, Cdr. L.E. Kelly, USN) and Shawnee (6209 GRT, built 1927). They were escorted by the destroyers Cowie (T/Cdr. C.J. Whiting, USN), Glennon (T/Cdr. F.C. Camp, USN), Herndon (T/Cdr. G.A. Moore, USN), Jeffers (T/Cdr W.T. McGarry, USN), Murphy (T/Cdr. L.W. Bailey, USN) and Nelson (T/Cdr. M.M. Riker, USN, with the C.O. Destroyer Squadron 17, T/Capt. D.L. Madeira, USN, onboard).

This convoy was transporting POW's from North Africa to the USA.

Early in the afternoon of the 15th, USS Gherardi fuelled from the USS Chemung.

Between 0530/17 and 1000/17, all destroyers fuelled from USS Chemung and USS Salamonie.

At 1743/17, USS Glennon reported sighting a submarine while in position 36°27'N, 42°11'W. The convoy made an emergency turn to starboard and USS Glennon and USS Nelson proceeded to hunt the submarine. At 1805/17, USS Nelson dropped a pattern of five depth charges on a sound contact. At 1813/17, USS Nelson dropped nine depth charges on a sound contact. USS Glennon and USS Nelson continued to hunt the submarine until 2102/17 when they left the scene to rejoin the convoy which they did very early the next day. The sumbarine in question was most likely the German U-760 which reported being attacked by two destroyers at the same time but about 75 nautical miles away in approximate position 35°33'N, 43°18'W.

At 0702/18, USS Nelson obtained a sound contact and the convoy made an emergency turn to starboard. Between 0707 and 0715/18, USS Nelson made two depth charge attacks during which two five charge patterns were dropped. She continued her search until 0745/1 but then set course to rejoin the screen which she did at 0840/18.

At 1623/18, USS Nelson obtained another sound contact and once again the convoy made an emergency turn to starboard. Between 1626 and 1830/18, USS Murhpy and USS Nelson searched the area during which USS Nelson conducted three depth charge attacks (one depth charge, five depth charges and nine depth charges) and USS Murphy two (seven depth charges and seven depth charges), but with no result. At 1830/18, USS Nelson set course to rejoin the convoy which she did at 2054/18. USS Murphy continued the seatch on her own until 1930/18. She rejoined the convoy screen at 2330/18.

Meanwhile, at 2315/18, USS Gherardi had obtained a sound contact close aboard on which she immediately dropped a single depth charge and then turned to investigate. USS Cowie was sent to assist her in the hunt and then take over the search but neither destroyer obtained any further contacts. USS Gherardi rejoined the convoy screen at 0150/19 and USS Cowie at 0330/19.

At 0820/20, HMS Newfoundland parted company to proceed to Boston, Massachusetts escorted by USS Butler and USS Murphy. The destroyers parted company with HMS Newfoundland at 1025/21 which then proceeded to the Boston Navy Yard for repairs to her action damage. She arrived at the Boston Navy Yard around 1500/21. The destroyers then proceeded to Newport, Rhode Island via the Cape Cod Canal. They arrived at Newport around 1630/21.

At 1335/20, USS Chemung, USS Salamonie and USS Merak parted company to proceed to Norfolk escorted by USS Cowie and USS Earle. At 0555/22, USS Merak and USS Cowie parted company to proceed to New York where they arrived around 1800/22. USS Chemung, USS Salamonie and USS Earle arrived at Norfolk around 1930/22.

Around 1100/22, the main body of the convoy arrived at New York.

22 Aug 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) completed de-ammunitioning at the Boston Navy Yard following which she was taken in hand for repairs. (30)

13 Sep 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) is briefly docked in No.4 Dock at the Boston Navy Yard for a tilt test. (31)

6 Dec 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Cdr. G.R. Pilcher, RN) is docked at the Boston Navy Yard. (32)

12 Mar 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, DSC, RN) is undocked. (33)

14 Apr 1944
Having completed her repairs at Boston, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, DSC, RN), conducted D/G trials, D/F trials and compass swing trials. (34)

15 Apr 1944
Having completed her repairs at Boston, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, DSC, RN), conducted trials off Boston, these included full power and steering trials. (34)

19 Apr 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, DSC, RN) departed Boston for Norfolk. (34)

20 Apr 1944
In the morning, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, DSC, RN), arrived in Hampton Roads. In the afternoon she proceeded to Chesapeake Bay. (34)

22 Apr 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, DSC, RN) conducted gunnery exercises in Chesapeake Bay. (34)

23 Apr 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, DSC, RN) conducted gunnery exercises in Chesapeake Bay. (34)

24 Apr 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, DSC, RN) conducted gunnery exercises in Chesapeake Bay. (34)

25 Apr 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, DSC, RN) proceeded from Chesapeake Bay to Norfolk. (34)

26 Apr 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, DSC, RN) departed Norfolk for St.John's, Newfoundland. (34)

29 Apr 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, DSC, RN) arrived at St.John's, Newfoundland. (34)

3 May 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, DSC, RN) departed St.John's, Newfoundland for Greenock. (35)

6 May 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, DSC, RN) arrived at Greenock. (35)

12 May 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, DSC, RN) was towed to the Scotts shipyard for refit and modifications. (36)

2 Nov 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) is docked at Greenock. (37)

13 Nov 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) is undocked. (37)

22 Nov 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) shifted from Greenock to Glasgow. (37)

25 Nov 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) shifted Glasgow to Greenock. (37)

26 Nov 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) conducted speed trials on the Arran measured mile. (37)

27 Nov 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) departed Greenock for Scapa Flow. (37)

28 Nov 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) arrived at Scapa Flow to commence a work-up period. (37)

6 Dec 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) conducted D/G trials at Scapa Flow. These were followed by torpedo firing exercises. (38)

7 Dec 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) conducted gunnery exercises at Scapa Flow. (38)

8 Dec 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, DSC, CBE, RN) conducted gunnery and torpedo firing exercises at Scapa Flow. (38)

13 Dec 1944
HMS Norfolk (Capt. J.G.Y. Loveband, RN) and HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) conduced RIX (rangefinding and inclination) exercises off Scapa Flow.

Following these exercises HMS Newfoundland served as target during attack exercises by the submarine HMS Trusty (Lt. J.P. Fyfe, DSC, RN). These were carried out around noon.

Later in the afternoon aircraft made dummy attacs on HMS Newfoundland. (38)

14 Dec 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) conducted radar tracking exercises off Scapa Flow during which HMS Zambesi (Lt.Cdr. W. Scott, DSC and Bar, RN) served as target. (38)

18 Dec 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) conducted gunnery exercises off Scapa Flow. (38)

19 Dec 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) conducted gunnery exercises at Scapa Flow. On completion of these exercises she departed Scapa Flow for Greenock. (38)

20 Dec 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) arrived at Greenock. She departed Greenock later the same day for Gibraltar. (38)

23 Dec 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) arrived at Gibraltar. (38)

26 Dec 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) departed Gibraltar for Alexandria. (38)

30 Dec 1944
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) arrived at Alexandria. (38)

9 Jan 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) conducted gunnery exercises off Alexandria. These were followed by a RIX (range and inclination) exercises during which RHS Pindos served as the target. (39)

10 Jan 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) conducted torpedo firing, aircraft repelling and plotting and tracking exercises off Alexandria. (39)

11 Jan 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Alexandria. The progamme was as followed. Plotting exercises with four MTB's, aircraft repelling exercises, gunnery exercises, a night encounter exercise with HMS Active (Lt. J.A. McClure, DSC, RN) and two MTB's and finally another aircraft repelling exercise. (39)

12 Jan 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) conducted gunnery and torpedo firing exercises off Alexandria. (39)

17 Jan 1945
In the morning, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN), conducted gunnery exercises off Alexandria. These were followed by aircraft repelling exercises.

Early in the afternoon an underway refueling exercise was carried out with the escort destroyer HMS Exmoor these were followed by RIX (range and inclination) exercises with HMCS Uganda (Capt. E.R. Mainguy, OBE, RCN).

In the afternoon night encounter exercises were carried out with HMCS Uganda (39)

18 Jan 1945
In the morning, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN), conducted gunnery exercises off Alexandria. these were followed by RIX (range and inclination) exercises with HMCS Uganda (Capt. E.R. Mainguy, OBE, RCN).

In the afternoon towed exercises were carried out with HMCS Uganda.

In the evening gunnery exercises were carried out by HMS Newfoundland. (39)

19 Jan 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) conducted gunnery exercises off Alexandria. (39)

23 Jan 1945
During 23/24 January HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Alexandria, the programme was as follows;

In the morning, HMS Newfoundland, conducted torpedo firing exercises during which the Italian destroyer Artigliere served as target. The were followed by HA firings at a towed sleeve target.

Around noon A/S exercises were carried out with the Greek submarine RHS Pipinos.

In the afternoon an RIX (rangefinding and inclination) exercise was carried out with HMCS Uganda (Capt. E.R. Mainguy, OBE, RCN). HMS Newfoundland also served as target for Artigliere which was conducting torpedo firing exercises.

During the night tracking exercises were carried out with HMCS Uganda.

In the morning of the 24th, aircraft repelling exercises were carried out.

Around noon, more A/S exercises with RHS Pipinos followed.

In the afternoon another RIX exercise was carried out with HMCS Uganda. (39)

25 Jan 1945
In the morning, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN), conducted HA gunnery exercises on a sleeve target. These were followed by aircraft repelling excercises together with HMCS Uganda (Capt. E.R. Mainguy, OBE, RCN).

In the afternoon HMS Newfoundland conducted gunnery exercises before returning to Alexandria. (39)

2 Feb 1945
Late in the morning, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN), conducted tracking exercises during which a merchant vessel served as the target.

In the afternoon HA gunnery exercises were caried out on a sleeve target.

At 2310 hours, an explosion occured in one of the port torpedo tubes. One of the crew was killed and five were wounded. Damage was severe. (40)

1 Mar 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) is docked at Alexandria. (41)

3 Mar 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) is undocked. (41)

7 Mar 1945
In the morning, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) and HMS Nubian (Lt.Cdr. F.C. Brodrick, RN) conducted RIX (rangefinding and inclination) exercises off Alexandria.

In the afternoon HMS Newfoundland conducted 4" gunnery exercises.

In the evening HMS Newfoundland served as target during a torpedo firing exercise of HMS Nubian. (41)

8 Mar 1945
In the morning, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN), conducted HA gunnery exercises off Alexandria. These wre followed by gunnery exercises for the 6" main battery.

In the afternoon D/F calibrations were carried out. (41)

13 Mar 1945
In the morning, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) and HMS Nubian (Lt.Cdr. F.C. Brodrick, RN) conducted HFX [no idea what this stands for] exercises off Alexandria.

In the early afternoon gunnery exercises with the main battery (6") were carried out. These were followed by torpedo firing exercises with HMS Active (Lt. J.A. McClure, DSC, RN).

In the afternoon 6" gunnery tracking exercises were carried out during which HMS Active served as target. (41)

14 Mar 1945
In the morning, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) conducted gunnery exercises off Alexandria.

Around noon A/S exercises were conducted with the Greek submarine RHS Pipinos.

And finally RIX (rangefinding and inclination) exercises were carried out with HMS Orion (Capt. J.P. Gornall, RN). (41)

15 Mar 1945
In the morning, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) and HMS Arethusa (Capt. H. Dalrymple-Smith, RN) conducted manouvering and aircraft repelling exercises off Alexandria.

In the afternoon, HMS Newfoundland, conducted steering trials followed by torpedo firing exercises together with HMS Arethusa. (41)

16 Mar 1945
In the morning, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) conducted AA firing exercises on a sleeve target.

In the early afternoon turning circles was exercise. These were followed by gunnery exercises. (41)

19 Mar 1945
During the night of 19/20 March 1945, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) and HMS Active (Lt. J.A. McClure, DSC, RN) conducted night encounter exercises off Alexandria.

On the 20th, HMS Newfoundland conducted bombardment exercises off Ras-el-Kanayis. (41)

21 Mar 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) conducted bombardment exercises of Ras-el-Kanayis.

During the night of 21/22 March 1945, night encounter exercises were carried out with HMS Arethusa (Capt. H. Dalrymple-Smith, RN) and HMS Orion (Capt. J.P. Gornall, RN). (41)

24 Mar 1945
In the morning, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN), conducted HA gunnery exercises off Alexandria. (41)

25 Mar 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) departed Alexandria for Port Said. (41)

26 Mar 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) arrived at Port Said, then passed the Suez Canal southbound and arrived at Suez. (41)

27 Mar 1945
In the morning, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN), conducted torpedo firing exercises off Suez. (41)

29 Mar 1945
Around 1330/29, the aircraft carrier, Implacable (Capt. C.C. Hughes-Hallett, RN), light cruiser HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) and the destroyers HMS Terpsichore (Cdr. R.T. White, DSO and 2 Bars, RN) and HMS Tumult (Lt.Cdr. A.S. Pomeroy DSC, RN) departed Suez for Colombo.

Around 0810/31, HMS Terpsichore and HMS Tumult detached to fuel at Aden. They rejoined around 1550/1.

HMS Newcastle parted company with HMS Implacable, HMS Terpsichore and HMS Tumult around 0900/6 to proceed ahead.

HMS Newfoundland arrived at Colombo around 1115/6.

HMS Implacable, HMS Terpsichore and HMS Tumult arrived at Colombo around 1630/6.

En-route exercises had been carried out on a daily bases. (42)

8 Apr 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) departed Colombo for the Cocos Islands. (43)

12 Apr 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) arrived at the Cocos Islands where she disembarked oil and stores. She departed for Fremantle later the same day. (43)

15 Apr 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) arrived at Fremantle. (43)

16 Apr 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) departed Fremantle for Sydney. (43)

20 Apr 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) arrived at Sydney. (43)

4 May 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) departed Sydney for Manus, Admiralty Islands. (44)

8 May 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) arrived at Manus, Admiralty Islands. (44)

9 May 1945
Around 1430K/9 the destroyer HMAS Arunta (Cdr. A.E. Buchanan, DSO, RAN) departed Manus followed around 1800K/9 by the light cruiser HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN).

Around 1700I/9, the light cruiser HMAS Hobart (Capt. R.S. Dowling, RAN) and the destroyer HMAS Warramunga (Cdr. M.J. Clark, DSC, RAN) departed Hollandia.

Both forces made rendezvous off Cape Wom around 0800K/10 and the 'Wewak support force' arrived off Wewak around 1300K/10.

After a preliminary run along the coast to search for the targets the sheduled bombardment commenced.

Around 1600K/10, the force retired to seaward for the night.

At 0630K/11, the 'Wewak support force' made rendezvous with the 'Wewak force' made up of the sloop HMAS Swan (Lt. W.J. Dovers, RAN) and minesweepers/corvettes Colac (Lt. K.J. Hopper, RANR(S)) and HMAS Dubbo (T/Lt. F.W. Roberts, RANR(S)) and the assault forces proceeded to their fire support areas. From 0730K/11, targets were successfully engaged to cover the assault on Red Beach. The bombardment was completed at 0840K/11.

After the landing the 'Wewak support force' retired to seaward.

Around 1230K/11, HMS Newfoundland obtained an A/S contact which was subsequently depth charged by HMAS Arunta. Both destroyers then continued to search the area during the afternoon but no further contact was obtained.

Around 1700 hours, HMAS Hobart and HMS Newfoundland carried out another bombardment after which the force was released and proceeded to Hollandia arriving there at 0700I/9. (45)

17 May 1945
In the morning, HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN), conducted exercises with aircraft off Hollandia. On completion of these exercises course was set to proceed to Manus. (44)

18 May 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) arrived at Manus. Before entering the anchorage HA gunnery exercises were carried out on a sleeve target. (44)

19 May 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) departed Manus for Auckland, New Zealand. (44)

24 May 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) arrived at Auckland. (44)

26 May 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) is docked at Auckland. (44)

30 May 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) is undocked. (44)

4 Jun 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) departed Auckland for Manus. (46)

10 Jun 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) arrived at Manus. (46)

12 Jun 1945

Operation Inmate.

Attacks by ships and aircraft from the British Pacific Fleet on Truk..

Shortly before noon the escort carrier Ruler (Capt. H.P. Currey, OBE, RN) and the destroyer HMS Termagent (Lt.Cdr. J.P. Scatchard, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Manus for operation Inmate, to attack the Japanese held islands of Truk. Early in the afternoon the aircraft carrier Implacable (Capt. C.C. Hughes-Hallett, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral E.J.P. Brind, CBE, CB, RN), light cruiser HMS Swiftsure (Capt. P.V. McLaughlin, RN), HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN), HMCS Uganda (Capt. E.R. Mainguy, OBE, RCN), HMNZS Achilles (Capt. F.J. Butler, MBE, RN), destroyers HMS Troubridge (Capt. G.F. Burghard, RN), HMS Teazer (Lt.Cdr. T.F. Taylor, DSC, RN), HMS Tenacious (Lt.Cdr. D.F. Townsend, RN) and HMS Terpsichore (Cdr. R.T. White, DSO and 2 Bars, RN) departed Manus. Later in the afteroon HMS Ruler and HMS Termagent joined them. The force was known as Task Group 111.2.

On board HMS Implacable were 48 Seafire fighters, 21 Avenger torpedo bombers and 11 Firefly fighters making a total of no less then 80 aircraft. On board HMS Ruler there was only one Walrus aircraft for air/sea rescue duties.

At 0535K/14, HMS Implacable commenced flying operations. A combat air patrol to which eight Seafires had been assigned was maintained during the day. These aircraft were serviced by HMS Ruler so that Implacable could focus on offensive sorties against Truk.

Around 0545K/14, twelve Seafires and two Fireflies were launched to attack Moen Island. The Fireflies made a reconnaissance of the island while the Seafires attacked the airfield and the radar station. During the attack on the airfield a Seafire was shot down by the Japanese, it's pilot being killed. This was the only British aircraft lost due to enemy fire during the entire operation.

During the whole day strikes agains Truk atoll were carried out. The final attack was carried out by twelve Seafires in a dive-bomber role. They attacked fuel tanks on Moen Island but these were apparently empty.

Few worthwile targets had however been found during the attacks. All the air strikes had been escorted by Seafire fighters but no Japense aircraft at all were encountered in the air during the entire day.

In the morning, the Walrus that had been on board HMS Ruler was lost overboard due to the weather conditions.

During the night of 14/15 June, two Avengers patrolled over Moen Island to prevent the Japanese from putting the airfield back into operation. They were frequently fired upon but were not hit.

Further air attacks were carried out on the 15th. The included attacks on the floating dry dock. Also more oil storage tanks were attacked but it became apparent that Truk had ceased to operate as the large naval base it once was.

Late in the morning the cruisers bombarded the atoll during which they were aided by Seafires for spotting duties. HMS Swiftsure, escorted by HMS Teazer bombarded Moen Island. Fall of shot was however terrible and it was later found out that there had been a defect to the fire control table.

HMS Newfoundland, escorted by HMS Troubridge attacked coast defence batteries and the airfield on Et(t)en Island. Her fall of shot was considered good.

HMCS Uganda (with Rear-Admiral Brind temporary on board) and HMNZS Achilles bombarded a Japanese seaplane base at Dublon Island but they hardly did any damage and there were communition problems with the spotting Seafires. The cruisers had been escorted by HMS Tenacious.

During the action HMS Implacable and HMS Ruler had remained at sea only escorted by Terpsichore and HMS Termagent.

During the air operations five Avengers had been lost, all on taking off. One crew was killed, the others could be picked up by destroyers.

The force returned to Manus in the morning of the 17th. (47)

22 Jun 1945
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN) conducted underway refueling exercises during which she fuelled from the RFA tanker Wave Emperor. (46)

25 Jun 1945
In the morning the aircraft carrier Implacable (Capt. C.C. Hughes-Hallett, RN), light cruisers HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN), HMCS Uganda (Capt. E.R. Mainguy, OBE, RCN) and the destroyers HMS Teazer ( Lt.Cdr. T.F. Taylor, DSC, RN) and HMS Terpsichore (Cdr. R.T. White, DSO and 2 Bars, RN) departed Manus to proceed southwards and join the British Pacific Fleet for exercises for upcoming operations against Japan.

On June 28th, both destroyers were refueled from HMS Implacable.

They made rendez-vous with the fleet on 30 June 1945 to the north-east of Brisbane, Australia.

The fleet was now organised as follows;
Task Group 37.1; battleship HMS King George V (Capt. T.E. Halsey, DSO, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral H.B. Rawlings, KCB, OBE, RN, 2nd in command British Pacific Fleet).

Task Group 37.2; aircraft cariers HMS Formidable (Capt. P. Ruck-Keene, CBE, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral P.L. Vian, KCB, KBE, DSO and 2 Bars, RN), HMS Victorious (Capt. M.M. Denny, CB, CBE, RN), HMS Implacable and the destroyers HMS Quadrant (Lt.Cdr. P.C. Hopkins, RN), HMS Quality (Cdr. the Viscount Jocelyn, RN), HMAS Quiberon (Lt.Cdr. F.G.E. Knox, DSO, RAN), HMAS Quickmatch (Cdr. J.K. Walton, RAN), HMS Teazer and HMS Terpsichore.

Task Group 37.3; light cruisers HMS Newfoundland (now flying the flag of Rear-Admiral E.J.P. Brind, CBE, CB, RN), HMCS Uganda, HMS Euryalus (Capt. R. Oliver-Bellesis, RN) and HMS Black Prince (Capt. D.M. Lees, DSO, RN).

Task Group 37.4; destroyers HMS Barfleur (Cdr. M.S. Townsend, DSO, DSC and Bar, OBE, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral J.H. Edelsten, CB, CBE, RN), HMS Grenville (Capt. R.G. Onslow, DSO, RN), HMS Ulysses (Lt.Cdr. B.G.B. Bordes, DSC, RN), HMCS Undaunted (Lt.Cdr. C.E.R. Sharp, RN), HMS Undine (Cdr. T.C. Robinson, RN), HMS Urania (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Alliston, DSO, DSC, RN) and HMS Urchin (Lt.Cdr. A.F. Harkness, DSC, OBE, RD, RNR).

The fleet then proceeded towards Manus carrying out exercises en-route. (48)

4 Jul 1945

Part of the British Pacific Fleet arrived at Manus, these were;
Task Group 37.1; battleship HMS King George V (Capt. T.E. Halsey, DSO, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral H.B. Rawlings, KCB, OBE, RN, 2nd in command British Pacific Fleet).

Task Group 37.2; aircraft cariers HMS Formidable (Capt. P. Ruck-Keene, CBE, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral P.L. Vian, KCB, KBE, DSO and 2 Bars, RN), HMS Victorious (Capt. M.M. Denny, CB, CBE, RN), Implacable (Capt. C.C. Hughes-Hallett, RN) and the destroyers.

Task Group 37.3; light cruisers HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral E.J.P. Brind, CBE, CB, RN), HMCS Uganda (Capt. E.R. Mainguy, OBE, RCN), HMNZS Gambia (Capt. R.A.B. Edwards, CBE, RN) and HMS Black Prince (Capt. D.M. Lees, DSO, RN).

Task Group 37.4; destroyers HMS Barfleur (Cdr. M.S. Townsend, DSO, DSC and Bar, OBE, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral J.H. Edelsten, CB, CBE, RN), HMS Grenville (Capt. R.G. Onslow, DSO, RN), HMS Ulysses (?), HMS Undaunted (Lt.Cdr. C.E.R. Sharp, RN), HMS Undine (Cdr. T.C. Robinson, RN), HMS Urania (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Alliston, DSO, DSC, RN), HMS Urchin (Lt.Cdr. A.F. Harkness, DSC, OBE, RD, RNR), HMS Teazer ( Lt.Cdr. T.F. Taylor, DSC, RN) and HMS Terpsichore (Cdr. R.T. White, DSO and 2 Bars, RN).

6 Jul 1945
In the morning of July 6th, part of the British Pacific Fleet (Task Force 37) departed Manus for operations against the Japanese homeland with the US 3rd Fleet. They were to make rendezvous with the US Task Force 38 around 16 July.

Task Force 37 was made up the following units;
CTF 37; battleship HMS King George V (Capt. T.E. Halsey, DSO, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral H.B. Rawlings, KCB, OBE, RN, 2nd in command British Pacific Fleet).

CTU 37.1.1; aircraft carriers HMS Formidable (Capt. P. Ruck-Keene, CBE, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral P.L. Vian, KCB, KBE, DSO and 2 Bars, RN), HMS Victorious (Capt. M.M. Denny, CB, CBE, RN) and Implacable (Capt. C.C. Hughes-Hallett, RN).

CTU 37.1.4; light cruisers HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral E.J.P. Brind, CBE, CB, RN), HMCS Uganda (Capt. E.R. Mainguy, OBE, RCN), HMNZS Gambia (Capt. R.A.B. Edwards, CBE, RN), HMNZS Achilles (Capt. F.J. Butler, MBE, RN), HMS Euryalus (Capt. R. Oliver-Bellesis, RN) and HMS Black Prince (Capt. D.M. Lees, DSO, RN).

CTU 37.1.5; HMS Barfleur (Cdr. M.S. Townsend, DSO, DSC and Bar, OBE, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral J.H. Edelsten, CB, CBE, RN), HMS Grenville (Capt. R.G. Onslow, DSO, RN, Capt. D 25), HMS Ulysses (Lt.Cdr. B.G.B. Bordes, DSC, RN), HMS Undine (Cdr. T.C. Robinson, RN), HMS Urania (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Alliston, DSO, DSC, RN), HMS Urchin (Lt.Cdr. A.F. Harkness, DSC, OBE, RD, RNR), HMS Quadrant (Lt.Cdr. P.C. Hopkins, RN), HMS Quality (Cdr. the Viscount Jocelyn, RN), HMAS Quiberon (Lt.Cdr. F.G.E. Knox, DSO, RAN) and HMAS Quickmatch (Cdr. J.K. Walton, RAN). HMS Troubridge (Capt. G.F. Burghard, RN, Capt. D 24), HMS Teazer ( Lt.Cdr. T.F. Taylor, DSC, RN), HMS Tenacious (Lt.Cdr. D.F. Townsend, RN), HMS Termagent (Lt.Cdr. J.P. Scatchard, DSC and Bar, RN), HMS Terpsichore (Cdr. R.T. White, DSO and 2 Bars, RN), HMAS Norman (Cdr. J. Plunkett-Cole, RAN) and HMS Wrangler (Lt.Cdr. E.G. Warren, RN).

HMS Undaunted (Lt.Cdr. C.E.R. Sharp, RN) was unable to sail with the fleet due to defects and departed later the same day to overhaul the fleet.

During 7 July destroyers were refuelled by HMS King George V, HMS Newfoundland, HMCS Uganda, HMNZS Gambia and HMNZS Achilles.

At 1800/7, HMAS Norman and HMS Wrangler parted company to return to Manus where they arrived around 0700/9.

Around 1045/10, HMS Undaunted joined the fleet after which she fuelled from HMS Formidable. Two more ships were fuelled on the 10th, these were HMS Black Prince by HMS King George V and HMS Termagent by HMS Victorious.

The fleet proceeded northwards to position 'British Swim' (34°10'N, 155°30'E, about 780 nautical miles east of Tokyo) where fuel (and stores) were embarked during an underway replanishment on 13 July. The first refuelling group was made up of the RFA tankers Dingledale (8145 GRT, built 1941), San Amado (7316 GRT, built 1935) and Wave Emperor (7196 GRT, built 1944). They were escorted by the frigates HMS Barle (T/A/Lt.Cdr. J. Duncan, DSC, RNR) and HMS Usk (T/A/Lt.Cdr. G.B. Medlycott, RNR).

Oiling continued until the afternoon of the 15th when the Fleet parted company with the oiling force. (47)

16 Jul 1945
Around 1600/16, the American Task Force 38 had completed her refueling and joined force with Task Force 37 for a series of strikes against the Japanese homeland. Course was set towards the flying off position (37°10'N, 143°19'E).

Task Force 37 was at that moment made up the following units;
CTF 37; battleship HMS King George V (Capt. T.E. Halsey, DSO, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral H.B. Rawlings, KCB, OBE, RN, 2nd in command British Pacific Fleet).

CTU 37.1.1; aircraft carriers HMS Formidable (Capt. P. Ruck-Keene, CBE, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral P.L. Vian, KCB, KBE, DSO and 2 Bars, RN), HMS Victorious (Capt. M.M. Denny, CB, CBE, RN) and Implacable (Capt. C.C. Hughes-Hallett, RN).

CTU 37.1.4; light cruisers HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral E.J.P. Brind, CBE, CB, RN), HMCS Uganda (Capt. E.R. Mainguy, OBE, RCN), HMNZS Gambia (Capt. R.A.B. Edwards, CBE, RN), HMNZS Achilles (Capt. F.J. Butler, MBE, RN), HMS Euryalus (Capt. R. Oliver-Bellesis, RN) and HMS Black Prince (Capt. D.M. Lees, DSO, RN).

CTU 37.1.5; HMS Barfleur (Cdr. M.S. Townsend, DSO, DSC and Bar, OBE, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral J.H. Edelsten, CB, CBE, RN), HMS Grenville (Capt. R.G. Onslow, DSO, RN, Capt. D 25), HMS Ulysses (Lt.Cdr. B.G.B. Bordes, DSC, RN), HMS Undaunted (Lt.Cdr. C.E.R. Sharp, RN), HMS Undine (Cdr. T.C. Robinson, RN), HMS Urania (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Alliston, DSO, DSC, RN), HMS Urchin (Lt.Cdr. A.F. Harkness, DSC, OBE, RD, RNR), HMS Quadrant (Lt.Cdr. P.C. Hopkins, RN), HMS Quality (Cdr. the Viscount Jocelyn, RN), HMAS Quiberon (Lt.Cdr. F.G.E. Knox, DSO, RAN) and HMAS Quickmatch (Cdr. J.K. Walton, RAN). HMS Troubridge (Capt. G.F. Burghard, RN, Capt. D 24), HMS Teazer (Lt.Cdr. T.F. Taylor, DSC, RN), HMS Tenacious (Lt.Cdr. D.F. Townsend, RN), HMS Termagent (Lt.Cdr. J.P. Scatchard, DSC and Bar, RN) and HMS Terpsichore (Cdr. R.T. White, DSO and 2 Bars, RN).

On making rendezvous with the Americans, Vice-Admirals Rawlings and Vian as well as some members of their stafs, were put on board the American flagship USS Missouri for a conference with the American C-in-C.

At 0330/17, Vice-Admiral Vian took over tactical control of TF 37 for flying operations and shortly afterwards, around 0400/18, when Task Force 37 was about 250 miles north-east of Tokyo, Fireflies, armed with 60 lb. rockets took off from Implacable while HMS Vicorious launched Corsairs. They were to attack the airfields in the Miyagi Prefecture including the ones at Sendai and Matsushima.

During the day a Combat Air Patrol was maintained over the Task Force, the first aircraft (Seafires) were flown off by HMS Implacable at 0630/17.

At 0830/17, operating aircraft came to a halt as the weather conditions in the launch area had deteriorated.

The score for the day was summed up as followes. Destroyed were claimed, nine aircraft on the ground, a hangar, three locomotices and one junk sunk. Damaged were claimed nine aircraft on the ground, several hangars and barracks at Niigata, Matsuda, Sendai and Matsushima as well as several small boats. Three Corsairs were lost but all pilots were saved.

Around 1430/17, HMS King George V escorted by HMS Quality and HMAS Quiberon parted company with Task Force 37 to join American ships for a night bombardment of the heavily industrialized Mito-Hitachi area. They joined the American force around 1700/17. [See the event for 17 July on the pages of HMS King George V, HMS Quality of HMS Quiberon for more info.]

Around 2310/17 the bombardment commenced. It ceased around 0110/18. The battleships fired 1797 shells into the target area. HMS King George V had fired 267 14" shells and the five US battleships 1238 16" shells and 292 6" shells. Damage was caused to the Taga and Mito Works of Hitachi Manufacturing Company and the Yamate Plant and the copper refining plants of Hitachi Mine.

When the bombardment ceased around 0110/18, HMS King George V, HMS Quality and HMS Quiberon detached from the USN ships to rejoin Task Force 37 which they did around 0730/18.

Weather had been unsuitable for flying operations and the Combat Air Patrol was only flown off after weather had improved a little around 0930/18. Around 1130/18 the carriers from Task Force 37 flew off aircraft to carry out strikes against targets north-east of Tokyo. During the days flying operations twelve enemy aircraft were claimed to have been destroyed on the ground. Eighteen aircraft were claimed to have been damaged as well as many junks, railway vans and hangars.

At the end of the days flying operations Task Force 37 proceeded away from the area in a south-easterly direction towards replenishment area 'British Tizzy' (28°00'N, 138°55'E, approximately 460 miles south of Tokyo). With the flying operations against the Japanese homeland over, Vice-Admiral Rawlings, assumed tactical control.

Early in the morning of the 20th, in approximate position 32°00'N, 152°00'E, Task Force 37 made rendezvous with Task Unit 112.2.6 which was made up of the RFA tankers Wave Monarch (8159 GRT, built 1944), San Ambrosio (7410 GRT, built 1935), San Adolpho (7365 GRT, built 1935) and the victualling stores ship Glenarney (9795 GRT, built 1940). Also part of this unit were the escort carriers HMS Arbiter (Capt. D.H. Everett, DSO, RN) and HMS Striker (Capt. W.P. Carne, RN) with replacement aircraft. They were escorted by the destroyers HMAS Napier (Capt. H.J. Buchanan, DSO, RAN), HMAS Nizam (A/Lt.Cdr. W.F. Cook, RAN), sloops HMS Pheasant (Lt.Cdr. J.B. Palmer, RN), HMS Redpole (Lt.Cdr. E.J. Lee, RN), HMS Whimbrel (Lt.Cdr. N.R. Murch, RN), frigate HMS Findhorn (T/A/Lt.Cdr. J.P. Burnett, RNVR) and the minesweeper/corvette HMAS Gawler (Lt.Cdr. J.H.P. Dixon, RANR(S)).

The aircraft carrier HMS Indefatigable (Capt. Q.D. Graham, CBE, DSO, RN), escorted by the destroyers HMS Wakeful (Lt.Cdr. G.D. Pound, DSC, RN) and HMS Wrangler (Lt.Cdr. E.G. Warren, RN) arrived with Task Unit 112.2.6 to join Task Force 37. These ships had come up from Manus at high speed and therefore had required more fuel then had been anticipated. There was now a shortage of 2000 tons of fuel so it was therefore agreed with the Americans that HMS Newfoundland, HMCS Uganda and HMNZS Gambia would fuel from American tankers which in the end they did from Task Group 30.8.

Replenishment continued throughout the day with Task Force 37 steering a south westerly course.

At dusk Task Force 37 detached from Task Unit 112.2.6 for the night.

Early in the morning of the 21st Task Force 37 closed Task Unit Task Unit 112.2.6 again and re-commenced replenishment. This continued continued throughout the day with the ships steering a south-westerly course.

At dusk Task Force 37 again detached from Task Unit 112.2.6 for the night.

Early in the morning of the 22nd Task Force 37 again closed Task Unit Task Unit 112.2.6 and re-commenced replenishment. This continued throughout the day with Task Force 37 again steering a south-westerly course.

At dusk Task Force 37 detached from Task Unit 112.2.6 and proceeded to the north-west towards the new operational area near the island of Shikoku. HMAS Napier had joined Task Force 37. (47)

22 Jul 1945
At dusk on 22 July 1945, Task Force 37 had completed underway replenishment operations and set course to proceed to the north-west towards the new operations area off Shikoku Island.

Task Force 37 was at that moment made up the following units;
CTF 37; battleship HMS King George V (Capt. T.E. Halsey, DSO, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral H.B. Rawlings, KCB, OBE, RN, 2nd in command British Pacific Fleet).

CTU 37.1.1; aircraft carriers HMS Formidable (Capt. P. Ruck-Keene, CBE, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral P.L. Vian, KCB, KBE, DSO and 2 Bars, RN), HMS Victorious (Capt. M.M. Denny, CB, CBE, RN), Implacable (Capt. C.C. Hughes-Hallett, RN) and HMS Indefatigable (Capt. Q.D. Graham, CBE, DSO, RN).

CTU 37.1.4; light cruisers HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral E.J.P. Brind, CBE, CB, RN), HMCS Uganda (Capt. E.R. Mainguy, OBE, RCN), HMNZS Gambia (Capt. R.A.B. Edwards, CBE, RN), HMNZS Achilles (Capt. F.J. Butler, MBE, RN), HMS Euryalus (Capt. R. Oliver-Bellesis, RN) and HMS Black Prince (Capt. D.M. Lees, DSO, RN).

CTU 37.1.5; HMS Barfleur (Cdr. M.S. Townsend, DSO, DSC and Bar, OBE, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral J.H. Edelsten, CB, CBE, RN), HMS Grenville (Capt. R.G. Onslow, DSO, RN, Capt. D 25), HMS Ulysses (Lt.Cdr. B.G.B. Bordes, DSC, RN), HMS Undaunted (Lt.Cdr. C.E.R. Sharp, RN), HMS Undine (Cdr. T.C. Robinson, RN), HMS Urania (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Alliston, DSO, DSC, RN), HMS Urchin (Lt.Cdr. A.F. Harkness, DSC, OBE, RD, RNR), HMS Quadrant (Lt.Cdr. P.C. Hopkins, RN), HMS Quality (Cdr. the Viscount Jocelyn, RN), HMAS Quiberon (Lt.Cdr. F.G.E. Knox, DSO, RAN) and HMAS Quickmatch (Cdr. J.K. Walton, RAN). HMS Troubridge (Capt. G.F. Burghard, RN, Capt. D 24), HMS Teazer (Lt.Cdr. T.F. Taylor, DSC, RN), HMS Tenacious (Lt.Cdr. D.F. Townsend, RN), HMS Termagent (Lt.Cdr. J.P. Scatchard, DSC and Bar, RN), HMS Terpsichore (Cdr. R.T. White, DSO and 2 Bars, RN), HMS Wakeful (Lt.Cdr. G.D. Pound, DSC, RN), HMS Wrangler (Lt.Cdr. E.G. Warren, RN) and HMAS Napier (Capt. H.J. Buchanan, DSO, RAN).

At 0300/24 Vice-Admiral Vian assumed tactical control of Task Force 37 for the period of the upcoming flying operations. 45 minutes later the Combat Air Patrol was flown off and first strikes were launched against the port of Tokushima on the island of Shikoku.

Air operations continued throughout the day against targets in the Inland Sea and the islands of Shikoku, Kyushu and Honshu. 15 Aircraft were claimed to have been destroyed on the ground and 2 were possibly destroyed. Also 3 hangars were claimed destroyed. 1 transport ship, 1 small tanker and a number of luggers and junks were also claimed sunk. 31 aircraft on the ground, 1 escort carrier, an aircraft factory and a shipyard were claimed to have been damaged. 4 British aircraft were lost during the attacks.

At dusk all aircraft were recovered and Vice-Admiral Rawlings assumed tactical command and Task Force 37 retired to the east.

At 0300/25, Vice-Admiral Vian assumed tactical control for the duration of the flying operations of that day.

At 0345/25, the first aircraft of the day were flown off, which was the Combat Air Patrol. Air strikes were also flown off, the targets were the same as the day before. The following results were reported; 2 aircraft destroyed on the ground, several small cargo vessels, and many junks, luggers and other small craft sunk. Buildings, hangars, factories, a wireless station, and a lighthouse were claimed sunk or destroyed.

1 large and 1 medium freighter, 13 coasters including a small tanker and two corvettes were claimed damaged and possibly destroyed.

6 aircraft on the ground, more shipping and buildings were cliamed to have been damaged.

In the evening a group of enemy aircraft was intercepted approaching Task Force 37; It were Hellcats from HMS Formidable which intercepted the attackers, shooting down three and driving off the remainder.

At dusk on the 25th, after all aircraft had been landed on, Vice-Admiral Rawlings once again assumed tactical control and Task Force 37 proceeded southwards towards replenishment area, 'British Tizzy' (28°00'N, 138°55'E, approximately 460 miles south of Tokyo).

In the morning of the 26th, Task Force 37 made rendezvous with Task Unit 112 and replenishment commenced. Task Unit 112 consisted of the RFA tankers Olna (12667 GRT, built 1945), Wave Governor (8190 GRT, built 1945), Wave King (8190 GRT, built 1944), Carelia (8082 GRT, built 1938), victualling stores ship Glenartney (9795 GRT, built 1940), ammunition ship Robert Maersk (2290 GRT, built 1937), stores ship Corinda (3376 grt, built 1937). Also part of this force were the escort carriers HMS Chaser (Capt. R.G. Poole, RN), HMS Ruler (Capt. H.P. Currey, OBE, RN) and HMS Speaker (A/Capt. U.H.R. James, RN), which carried with replacement aircraft. Task Unit 112 was escorted by light cruiser HMS Argonaut (Capt. W.P. McCarthy, RN), destroyers HMAS Norman (Cdr. J. Plunkett-Cole, RAN), HMAS Nepal (Lt.Cdr. C.J. Stephenson, RAN), sloops HMS Crane (Lt.Cdr. R.G. Jenkins, DSC, RN), HMS Pheasant (Lt.Cdr. J.B. Palmer, RN), HMS Redpole (Lt.Cdr. E.J. Lee, RN), HMS Woodcock (A/Lt.Cdr. S.J. Parsons, DSC, RN), frigates HMS Derg (Lt.Cdr. N.B.J. Stapleton, RD, RNR), HMS Odzani (A/Lt.Cdr. J.N. Burgess, RANVR) and the minesweeper/corvette HMAS Pirie (Lt. C.K. Mackenzie, RANVR).

At dusk Task Force 37 detached from Task Unit 112 for the night.

In the morning of the 27th replenishment re-commenced. HMCS Uganda parted company with Task Force 37 and proceeded to Esquimalt via Pearl Harbour. HMS Argonaut then joined Task Force 37.

Fuelling proceeded slowly and HMS Newfoundland and HMNZS Achilles eventually were sent to the US Task Group 30.8 to fuel.

After having completed replenishment Task Force 37 detached from Task Unit 112 and set course to the north-west to return the operations area off Japan. (47)

28 Jul 1945
At dusk on 28 July 1945, Task Force 37 had completed underway replenishment operations and set course to proceed to the north-west towards the new operations area off Shikoku Island.

Task Force 37 was at that moment made up the following units;
CTF 37; battleship HMS King George V (Capt. T.E. Halsey, DSO, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral H.B. Rawlings, KCB, OBE, RN, 2nd in command British Pacific Fleet).

CTU 37.1.1; aircraft carriers HMS Formidable (Capt. P. Ruck-Keene, CBE, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral P.L. Vian, KCB, KBE, DSO and 2 Bars, RN), HMS Victorious (Capt. M.M. Denny, CB, CBE, RN), Implacable (Capt. C.C. Hughes-Hallett, RN) and HMS Indefatigable (Capt. Q.D. Graham, CBE, DSO, RN).

CTU 37.1.4; light cruisers HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral E.J.P. Brind, CBE, CB, RN), HMNZS Gambia (Capt. R.A.B. Edwards, CBE, RN), HMNZS Achilles (Capt. F.J. Butler, MBE, RN), HMS Argonaut (Capt. W.P. McCarthy, RN), HMS Euryalus (Capt. R. Oliver-Bellesis, RN) and HMS Black Prince (Capt. D.M. Lees, DSO, RN).

CTU 37.1.5; HMS Barfleur (Cdr. M.S. Townsend, DSO, DSC and Bar, OBE, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral J.H. Edelsten, CB, CBE, RN), HMS Grenville (Capt. R.G. Onslow, DSO, RN, Capt. D 25), HMS Ulysses (Lt.Cdr. B.G.B. Bordes, DSC, RN), HMS Undaunted (Lt.Cdr. C.E.R. Sharp, RN), HMS Undine (Cdr. T.C. Robinson, RN), HMS Urania (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Alliston, DSO, DSC, RN), HMS Urchin (Lt.Cdr. A.F. Harkness, DSC, OBE, RD, RNR), HMS Quadrant (Lt.Cdr. P.C. Hopkins, RN), HMS Quality (Cdr. the Viscount Jocelyn, RN), HMAS Quiberon (Lt.Cdr. F.G.E. Knox, DSO, RAN) and HMAS Quickmatch (Cdr. J.K. Walton, RAN). HMS Troubridge (Capt. G.F. Burghard, RN, Capt. D 24), HMS Teazer (Lt.Cdr. T.F. Taylor, DSC, RN), HMS Tenacious (Lt.Cdr. D.F. Townsend, RN), HMS Termagent (Lt.Cdr. J.P. Scatchard, DSC and Bar, RN), HMS Terpsichore (Cdr. R.T. White, DSO and 2 Bars, RN), HMS Wakeful (Lt.Cdr. G.D. Pound, DSC, RN), HMS Wrangler (Lt.Cdr. E.G. Warren, RN) and HMAS Napier (Capt. H.J. Buchanan, DSO, RAN).

At 0330/28, Vice-Admiral Vian assumed tactical control of Task Force 37 during the days flying operations.

At 0400/28, from approximate position 31°30'N, 135°00'E (south of Shikoku), the Combat Air Patrol was flown off and first strike aircraft were also launched. The targets were the port of Harima and targets of opportunity, mainly in and around the Inland Sea. The naval base of Maizuru was also attacked. British aircraft sank the Japanese frigates Kaibokan 4 (offsite link) in Ise Bay.

Also six aircraft were claimed to have been destroyed on the ground. Also three small cargo vessels and several more small ships and junks were claimed to have been sunk.

Two large merchant ships and one smaller ships were claimed as probably sunk.

Fourteen aircraft were claimed to have been damaged on the ground. Also claimed damaged were many ships, including three destroyers or escort destroyers and numerous junks, luggers and barges. Also several shore installations were damaged.

Eight aircraft were lost on this day including one aircrew.

At dusk all aircraft were recovered and Vice-Admiral Rawlings assumed tactical command for the night.

At 0330/29, Vice-Admiral Vian assumed tactical control for the duration the flying operations. At 0400/29, the Combat Air Patrol was flown off and also the first strike aircraft were launched. They were however soon recalled when it was found out that fog was obscuring the selected targets.

Around 1200/29, HMS King George V was detached. She was to make rendezvous with the to carry out a bombardment of the city of Hamamatsu together with ships from the US Task Unit 34.8.1. HMS King George V was screened by the destroyers HMS Undine, HMS Ulysses and HMS Urania.

The target that had been selected for HMS King George V was the Japanese Musical Instrument Company, this may sound strange but at the time they were manufacturing propellers instead of musical instruments.

Before the bombardment commenced however the destroyers Urania and Ulysses collided with each other and HMS Ulysses sustained some damage.

At 2319/29, HMS King Geore V opened fire on her target from a range of about 20000 yards. She fired a total of 265 14" shells but only a few were seen by the spotter aircraft to have hit the target.

During the bombardment HMS Undine engaged some small groups of ships, most likely fishing vessels.

The bombardment was over at 2356/29 and HMS King George V and her escorting destroyers set course to rejoin Task Force 37 which she did at 0600/30.

At 0330/30, Vice-Admiral Vian again assumed tactical control for the days flying operations. Half an hour later the the Combat Air Patrol was flown off and the first strike aircraft were launched but one again the first strike ran into fog over the coast. targets for this day were airfields around Tokyo and the large naval base at Maizuru.

Six enemy aircraft were claimed to have been destroyed as were one oil tank, one locomotive and a warehouse. Two luggers were claimed sunk.

More shipping was claimed probably sunk; one destroyer, one large transport, one small freighter, two small coasters, four luggers and three fuel barges.

Claimed to have been damaged were six aircraft on the ground as were many hangars and shore installations.

More shipping was claimed damaged, five destroyers, four destroyer escorts, one medium freighter and many small vessels.

Three aircraft were lost on this day, with all pilots missing.

Around dawn, after the last aircraft had been recovered Task Force 37 set course to the south towards the replenishment area. Vice-Admiral Rawlings resumed tactical command.

At 0900/31 Task Force 37 made rendezvous with Task Unit 112 near point ' British Tizzy ' and replenishment commenced shortly afterward despite the worsening weather conditions. Task Unit 112 consisted of the RFA tankers Olna (12667 GRT, built 1945), Wave Governor (8190 GRT, built 1945), Wave King (8190 GRT, built 1944), Carelia (8082 GRT, built 1938), victualling stores ship Glenartney (9795 GRT, built 1940), ammunition ship Robert Maersk (2290 GRT, built 1937), stores ship Corinda (3376 grt, built 1937). Also part of this force were the escort carriers HMS Chaser (Capt. R.G. Poole, RN), HMS Ruler (Capt. H.P. Currey, OBE, RN) and HMS Speaker (A/Capt. U.H.R. James, RN), which carried with replacement aircraft as well as the radar and radio repair vessel HMNZS Arbutus (T/Lt. N.D. Blair, RNZNVR). Task Unit 112 was escorted by the destroyers HMAS Norman (Cdr. J. Plunkett-Cole, RAN), HMAS Nepal (Lt.Cdr. C.J. Stephenson, RAN), sloops HMS Crane (Lt.Cdr. R.G. Jenkins, DSC, RN), HMS Pheasant (Lt.Cdr. J.B. Palmer, RN), HMS Redpole (Lt.Cdr. E.J. Lee, RN), HMS Woodcock (A/Lt.Cdr. S.J. Parsons, DSC, RN), frigates HMS Derg (Lt.Cdr. N.B.J. Stapleton, RD, RNR), HMS Odzani (A/Lt.Cdr. J.N. Burgess, RANVR) and the minesweeper/corvette HMAS Pirie (Lt. C.K. Mackenzie, RANVR). During the replenishment Rear-Admiral Edelsten was transferred from HMS Barfleur to HMS Speaker for onward passage back to Manus.

As usual, at dusk Task Force 37 detached from Task Unit 112 for the night.

Replenishment was completed on August 3rd and course was then set to return to the operations area off Japan. (47)

3 Aug 1945
Having completed replenishment around noon on 3 August, Task Force 37 set course to proceed to the northwards to the operations area off Japan.

Task Force 37 was at that moment made up the following units;
CTF 37; battleship HMS King George V (Capt. T.E. Halsey, DSO, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral H.B. Rawlings, KCB, OBE, RN, 2nd in command British Pacific Fleet).

CTU 37.1.1; aircraft carriers HMS Formidable (Capt. P. Ruck-Keene, CBE, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral P.L. Vian, KCB, KBE, DSO and 2 Bars, RN), HMS Victorious (Capt. M.M. Denny, CB, CBE, RN), Implacable (Capt. C.C. Hughes-Hallett, RN) and HMS Indefatigable (Capt. Q.D. Graham, CBE, DSO, RN).

CTU 37.1.4; light cruisers HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral E.J.P. Brind, CBE, CB, RN), HMNZS Gambia (Capt. R.A.B. Edwards, CBE, RN), HMNZS Achilles (Capt. F.J. Butler, MBE, RN), HMS Argonaut (Capt. W.P. McCarthy, RN), HMS Euryalus (Capt. R. Oliver-Bellesis, RN) and HMS Black Prince (Capt. D.M. Lees, DSO, RN).

CTU 37.1.5; HMS Barfleur (Cdr. M.S. Townsend, DSO, DSC and Bar, OBE, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral J.H. Edelsten, CB, CBE, RN), HMS Grenville (Capt. R.G. Onslow, DSO, RN, Capt. D 25), HMS Ulysses (Lt.Cdr. B.G.B. Bordes, DSC, RN), HMS Undaunted (Lt.Cdr. C.E.R. Sharp, RN), HMS Undine (Cdr. T.C. Robinson, RN), HMS Urania (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Alliston, DSO, DSC, RN), HMS Urchin (Lt.Cdr. A.F. Harkness, DSC, OBE, RD, RNR), HMS Quadrant (Lt.Cdr. P.C. Hopkins, RN), HMS Quality (Cdr. the Viscount Jocelyn, RN), HMAS Quiberon (Lt.Cdr. F.G.E. Knox, DSO, RAN) and HMAS Quickmatch (Cdr. J.K. Walton, RAN). HMS Troubridge (Capt. G.F. Burghard, RN, Capt. D 24), HMS Teazer (Lt.Cdr. T.F. Taylor, DSC, RN), HMS Tenacious (Lt.Cdr. D.F. Townsend, RN), HMS Termagent (Lt.Cdr. J.P. Scatchard, DSC and Bar, RN), HMS Terpsichore (Cdr. R.T. White, DSO and 2 Bars, RN), HMS Wakeful (Lt.Cdr. G.D. Pound, DSC, RN), HMS Wrangler (Lt.Cdr. E.G. Warren, RN) and HMAS Napier (Capt. H.J. Buchanan, DSO, RAN).

While En-route to the operational area a signal was received from the US Fleet Admiral Nimitz to all units of the US 3rd Fleet (which included the British Pacific Fleet) ordering them to cease offensive strikes and do not close the coast of Japan to within 300 miles. This was because the first atomic bomb was about to be dropped. Vice-Admiral Rawlings was informed off this not by signal but some British liaison officers with the US Fleet were put on board the flagship by a US destroyer to inform the Vice-Admiral in person and strict secrecy.

At 0815/6, around the time the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima Task Force 37 was in approximate position 34°30'N, 146°00'E, some 315 nautical miles east of Tokyo.

Shortly afterwards they made rendezvous with Task Unit 112 now made up of the tankers Dingledale (8145 GRT, built 1941), San Amado (7316 GRT, built 1935), Wave King (8190 GRT, built 1944), stores ships Glenartney (9795 GRT, built 1940), and Fort Wrangell (7213 GRT, built 1944), ammunition ship Robert Maersk (2290 GRT, built 1937), escort carriers HMS Arbiter (Capt. D.H. Everett, DSO, RN), HMS Chaser (Capt. R.G. Poole, RN) and HMS Ruler (Capt. H.P. Currey, OBE, RN). They were escorted by destroyers HMAS Norman (Cdr. J. Plunkett-Cole, RAN), HMAS Nizam (A/Lt.Cdr. W.F. Cook, RAN), sloop HMS Pheasant (Lt.Cdr. J.B. Palmer, RN), frigate HMS Barle (T/A/Lt.Cdr. J. Duncan, DSC, RNR) and minesweepers/corvettes HMAS Ballarat (A/Cdr. N.R. Read, RAN) and HMAS Burnie (Lt.Cdr. E.M. Andrewartha, RANR). Replenishment started soon afterwards.

As usual Task Force 37 detached at dusk from Task Unit 112 for the night.

In the morning of the 7th, Task Force 37 continued with replenishment from Task Unit 112. HMAS Nizam detached from Task Unit 112 and joined Task Force 37.

In the late afternoon of the 7th, Task Force 37 completed replenishment and detached from Task Unit 112 and set course for the north-west towards the operations area.

7 Aug 1945
Having completed replenishment on 7 August, Task Force 37 set course to close the coast of Japan for flying operations.

Task Force 37 was at that moment made up the following units;
CTF 37; battleship HMS King George V (Capt. T.E. Halsey, DSO, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral H.B. Rawlings, KCB, OBE, RN, 2nd in command British Pacific Fleet).

CTU 37.1.1; aircraft carriers HMS Formidable (Capt. P. Ruck-Keene, CBE, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral P.L. Vian, KCB, KBE, DSO and 2 Bars, RN), HMS Victorious (Capt. M.M. Denny, CB, CBE, RN), Implacable (Capt. C.C. Hughes-Hallett, RN) and HMS Indefatigable (Capt. Q.D. Graham, CBE, DSO, RN).

CTU 37.1.4; light cruisers HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral E.J.P. Brind, CBE, CB, RN), HMNZS Gambia (Capt. R.A.B. Edwards, CBE, RN), HMNZS Achilles (Capt. F.J. Butler, MBE, RN), HMS Argonaut (Capt. W.P. McCarthy, RN), HMS Euryalus (Capt. R. Oliver-Bellesis, RN) and HMS Black Prince (Capt. D.M. Lees, DSO, RN).

CTU 37.1.5; HMS Barfleur (Cdr. M.S. Townsend, DSO, DSC and Bar, OBE, RN), HMS Grenville (Capt. R.G. Onslow, DSO, RN, Capt. D 25), HMS Ulysses (Lt.Cdr. B.G.B. Bordes, DSC, RN), HMS Undaunted (Lt.Cdr. C.E.R. Sharp, RN), HMS Undine (Cdr. T.C. Robinson, RN), HMS Urania (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Alliston, DSO, DSC, RN), HMS Urchin (Lt.Cdr. A.F. Harkness, DSC, OBE, RD, RNR), HMS Quadrant (Lt.Cdr. P.C. Hopkins, RN), HMS Quality (Cdr. the Viscount Jocelyn, RN), HMAS Quiberon (Lt.Cdr. F.G.E. Knox, DSO, RAN) and HMAS Quickmatch (Cdr. J.K. Walton, RAN). HMS Troubridge (Capt. G.F. Burghard, RN, Capt. D 24), HMS Teazer (Lt.Cdr. T.F. Taylor, DSC, RN), HMS Tenacious (Lt.Cdr. D.F. Townsend, RN), HMS Termagent (Lt.Cdr. J.P. Scatchard, DSC and Bar, RN), HMS Terpsichore (Cdr. R.T. White, DSO and 2 Bars, RN), HMS Wakeful (Lt.Cdr. G.D. Pound, DSC, RN), HMS Wrangler (Lt.Cdr. E.G. Warren, RN), HMAS Napier (Capt. H.J. Buchanan, DSO, RAN) and HMAS Nizam (A/Lt.Cdr. W.F. Cook, RAN).

When Task Force 37 arrived in the operations area on the 8th, the weather was found unsuitable for flying operations. Course was then set to the south-east in search of better weather.

At 0330/9, Vice-Admiral Vian assumed tactical control for the duration of the flying operations. Shortly afterwards, when Task Force 37 was in approximate position 38°35'N, 144°12'E the first Combat Air Patrol and strike aircraft were launched. The target for the first air strikes was Matsushima.

At 0500/9, HMS Newfoundland, HMNZS Gambia, HMS Tenacious, HMS Termagent and HMS Terpsichore were detached from Task Force 37. They were known as Task Unit 37.1.8 and were to join a US Task Unit of battleship, cruisers and destroyers (Task Unit 38.8.1) for a bombardment of the steel works and docks at Kamaishi. The bombardment commenced around 1300/9 and was completed around 1445/9. The detached ships rejoined Task Force 37 around 2100/9.

During the aircraft attacks on this day the Japanese frigate Amakusa (offsite link) is sunk in Onagawa Bay. Ths pilot that hit the ship was killed during the attack and he was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross (Lt. R.H. Gray, RCNVR).

At 1202/9, the second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki.

During the attack on the 9th the following damage was claimed to have been inflicted on the ememy;
Destroyed; 44 enemy aircraft on the ground (including 17 probably destroyed) as well as hangars and shops at Matsushima. 2 Locomotives and freight cars.
Shipping sunk; 2 Destroyers, 1 old destroyer, 1 submarine chaser, 1 freighter, 2 small coasters, 4 junks and 2 launches (some of the above were shared with aircraft from Task Force 38).

Probably sunk were two destroyer escorts (shared with Task Force 38) and a torpedo boat as well as a lot of small craft.

Claimed to have been damaged were 22 aircraft on the ground as well as various ground installations.

Shipping that was claimed to have been damaged were 1 destroyer, 2 destroyer escorts, 1 freighter and many small craft including 9 coasters and 9 luggers.

7 Aircraft including 5 pilots were missing following these attacks.

At dusk, Vice-Admiral Rawlings again took control of Task Force 37.

At 0330/10, Vice-Admiral Vian took control of the force for the duration of the flying operations.

At 0400/10, the first Combat Air Patrol was launched followed about an hour later by the first strike aircraft. The target was shipping in Onagawa Bay and other targets of opportunity in northern Honshu.

During the attack on the 10th the following damage was claimed to have been inflicted on the ememy;
Destroyed; 16 aircraft on the ground including one probably damaged, 4 locomotives, 2 coaches, 3 tank cars.

Shipping sunk; 3 freighters, 2 coasters, 8 small craft.

Shipping probably sunk; 1 freighter, 2 luggers,

Aircraft and installations damaged; 31 aircraft on the ground, several freight trains, factories, hangars and other installations.'

Shipping damaged; 2 destroyers, 2 destroyer escorts, 1 merchant vessel, 6 small coasters and 4 luggers.

6 aircraft and 4 pilots and 2 aircrewmen were missing.

At dusk all aircraft were recovered and Vice-Admiral Rawlings again assumed tactical command. Task Force 37 then set course to the eastwards for replenishment.

Around 0430/11, Task Force 37 made rendezvous with Task Unit 112 and fuelling commenced shortly afterwards from five tankers; Olna (12667 GRT, built 1945), San Adolpho (7365 GRT, built 1935), San Amado (7316 GRT, built 1935), San Ambrosio (7410 GRT, built 1935) and Wave Emperor (7196 GRT, built 1944). Also part of Task Unit 112 were the stores ship Fort Wrangell (7213 GRT, built 1944), hospital ship Tjitjalengka (10972 GRT, built 1939) and the escort carrier HMS Ruler (Capt. H.P. Currey, OBE, RN). Task Unit 112 was escorted by the sloops HMS Crane (Lt.Cdr. R.G. Jenkins, DSC, RN), HMS Pheasant (Lt.Cdr. J.B. Palmer, RN), frigates HMS Barle (T/A/Lt.Cdr. J. Duncan, DSC, RNR), HMS Findhorn (T/A/Lt.Cdr. J.P. Burnett, RNVR), HMS Usk (T/A/Lt.Cdr. G.B. Medlycott, RNR) and the minesweepers/corvettes HMAS Ballarat (A/Cdr. N.R. Read, RAN), HMAS Burnie (Lt.Cdr. E.M. Andrewartha, RANR), HMAS Geraldton (A/Cdr. A.J. Travis, RAN) and HMAS Ipswich (T/Lt. R.H. Creasey, RANR(S)).

HMS King George V fuelled from the American Task Group 30.8 as Vice-Admiral Rawlings had been invited for a conferance by the American Commander-in-Chief aboard USS Missouri.

It had also been decided that the majority of the ships of Task Force 37 were to return to Manus so on the 12th the aircraft carriers HMS Formidable, HMS Victorious, HMS Indefatigable, light cruisers HMS Black Prince, HMS Euryalus, HMNZS Achilles and the destroyers HMS Grenville, HMS Ulysses, HMS Undaunted, HMS Undine, HMS Uranua, HMS Urchin, HMS Quality, HMS Quadrant, HMAS Quiberon and HMAS Quickmatch parted company. They were now known as Task Group 37.3.

12 Aug 1945
After fuelling, and with the bulk of Task Force 37 being sent to Manus, Vice-Admiral Rawlings had the following ships left; battleship HMS King George V (Capt. T.E. Halsey, DSO, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral H.B. Rawlings, KCB, OBE, RN, 2nd in command British Pacific Fleet), aircraft carrier HMS Indefatigable (Capt. Q.D. Graham, CBE, DSO, RN), light cruisers HMS Newfoundland (Capt. R.W. Ravenhill, CBE, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral E.J.P. Brind, CBE, CB, RN), HMNZS Gambia (Capt. R.A.B. Edwards, CBE, RN), destroyers HMS Troubridge (Capt. G.F. Burghard, RN, Capt. D 24), HMS Teazer (Lt.Cdr. T.F. Taylor, DSC, RN), HMS Tenacious (Lt.Cdr. D.F. Townsend, RN), HMS Termagent (Lt.Cdr. J.P. Scatchard, DSC and Bar, RN), HMS Terpsichore (Cdr. R.T. White, DSO and 2 Bars, RN), HMS Wakeful (Lt.Cdr. G.D. Pound, DSC, RN), HMS Wrangler (Lt.Cdr. E.G. Warren, RN), HMS Barfleur (Cdr. M.S. Townsend, DSO, DSC and Bar, OBE, RN), HMAS Napier (Capt. H.J. Buchanan, DSO, RAN) and HMAS Nizam (A/Lt.Cdr. W.F. Cook, RAN).

This force was now named Task Group 38.5 and was to operate as in integrated unit of the American Task Force 38. As the British Fleet Train had now been streched to the limit and the British had to depend on the Americans for fuel.

Also on this day the battleship HMS Duke of York (Capt. A.D. Nicholl, DSO, RN, flying the flag of Admiral B.A. Fraser, GCB, KBE, RN, C-in-C British Pacific Fleet) and the destroyers HMS Wager (Lt.Cdr. R.C. Watkin, RN) and HMS Whelp (Cdr. G.A.F. Norfolk, RN) departed Guam to join Task Group 38.5 off Japan.

At 0815/13, HMS Indefatigable launched her first strike aircraft to attack targets in the Tokyo area. A second strike was flow off at 1315/13 but the selected targets could not be attacked due to the unsuitable weather conditions.

On this day only 4 luggers were claimed sunk. Some buildings, locomotives and other rolling stock were claimed to have been damaged.

During the day a total of 21 enemy aircraft were shot down by the Combat Air Patrol while trying to approach the fleet.

At 1815/13 flying operations had ceased and course was set to position 31°45'N, 144°00'E to refuel.

During the 14th, Task Group 38.5 fuelled from American tankers. At 1710/14, they set course to return to the operations area. It was noted by Vice-Admiral Rawlings that the state of equipment and efficiency of American tankers was much higher then the British ones. The Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary had much to learn on this subject.

At 0400/15, HMS Indefatigable launched her first strike aircraft from position 34°00'N, 142°00'E to attack targets in the Tokyo area. They were unable to attack the selected target due to bad weather in that erea but they spotted a camouflaged factory so it was decided to attack this factory instead. It was successfully bombed. The strike aircraft were intercepted by 12 Japanese fighters but 4 of these were shot down by the escorting fighters while 4 more were probably shot down. One Seafire did not return and one Avenger had to ditch due to being heavily damaged.

At 0700/15, a signal was received that all further strikes were cancelled for the moment.

Four hours later news was received that the Japanese had accepted the Allied peace terms and that all offensive operations had to cease.

At 1120/15, two bombs fell close to HMS Indefatigable as a Japanese aircraft had penetrated the defences unnoticed.

Task Force 38 then set course to proceed to position 32°45'N, 143°20'E to await further instructions.

On the 16th HMS Duke of York, HMS Wager and HMS Whelp joined Task Group 38.5. Vice-Admiral Rawlings however remained in tactical command of the Task Force.

On the 17th, Task Group 38.5 set course to proceed to position ' British Drink ' (32°25'N, 143°30'E) for an underway replenishment by ships from the British Fleet Train.

At 0200/18, they made rendezvous with the tankers San Adolpho (7365 GRT, built 1935), San Ambrosio (7410 GRT, built 1935) and Wave Governor (8190 GRT, built 1945), stores ship Fort Wrangell (7213 GRT, built 1944), escort carrier HMS Ruler (Capt. H.P. Currey, OBE, RN) and their escorts, the sloop HMS Ruler (Capt. H.P. Currey, OBE, RN), frigates HMS Odzani (A/Lt.Cdr. J.N. Burgess, RANVR), HMS Usk (T/A/Lt.Cdr. G.B. Medlycott, RNR) and the minesweepers/corvettes HMAS Ballarat (A/Cdr. N.R. Read, RAN) and HMAS Burnie (Lt.Cdr. E.M. Andrewartha, RANR).

Fuelling commenced at daylight and continued until 1700/18. The tankers San Adolpho (7365 GRT, built 1935) and San Ambrosio (7410 GRT, built 1935) were empty now and were ordered to proceed to Leyte to refil escorted by HMS Usk and HMAS Burnie.

At dawn on the 19th fuelling continued but now only from the Wave Governor.

Replenishment continued during the 20th. During the day the escort carrier HMS Speaker (A/Capt. U.H.R. James, RN) arrived with aircraft replenishments. She was being escorted by the destroyer HMS Queenborough (Cdr. P.L. Saumarez, DSC and Bar, RN). The escort carrier was ordered to transfer all possible aircraft to HMS Indefatigable and HMS Ruler and then prepare to embark Allied POW's from when the Fleet was able to put into Tokyo Bay.

Also the tanker Carelia (8082 GRT, built 1938) joined the Logistics Group. She was being escorted by the minesweepers/corvettes HMAS Cessnock (Lt. A.G. Chapman, RANR(S)) and HMAS Pirie (Lt. C.K. Mackenzie, RANVR). The tanker Wave Governor was then ordered to proceed to Ulithi for rapid refilling and return as soon as possible. She was being escorted by HMS Odzani.

In the afternoon Task Group 38.5 was disbanded and the ships were diveded over two American Task Forces; HMS Indefatigable, HMS Troubridge, HMS Teazer, HMS Tenacious, HMS Termagent, HMS Terpsichore, HMS Wakeful, HMS Wrangler and HMS Barfleur were ordered to join Task Group 38.3 while HMS Duke of York, HMS King George V, HMS Newfoundland, HMNZS Gambia, HMAS Napier, HMAS Nizam, HMS Wager and HMS Whelp joined Task Group 38.4.

On 21 August, Task Force 38, proceeded to the south-west to position 30°30'N, 142°00'E to continue replenishment with typhoon warnings meanwhile coming in. The Logistics Group remained near area ' British Drink ' though. HMS Queenborough had collected mails and was ordered to proceed to Manus via Ulithi.

On 22 August, the destroyers were topped up with fuel and aerial photogaphs were taken off the fleet.

At daylight on 23 August, the British destroyers were topped up with fuel by HMS Duke of York and HMS King George V. At noon the fleet was now in position 33°35'N, 144°08'E. In the afternoon the plan to enter Japanese waters was received and as a consequence HMS Duke of York was detached with HMS Wager and HMS Whelp to form Task Group 30.2 and join the US flagship USS Missouri which formed Task Group 30.1 together with some destroyers.

HMS King George V, HMS Newfoundland, HMNZS Gambia, HMAS Napier and HMAS Nepal formed Task Force 37 again. They were reinforced by two US destroyers, USS Uhlmann (T/Cdr. S.C. Small, USN) and USS Benham (T/Lt.Cdr. W.L. Poindexter, USN).

On August 24th, the ships upperworks were painted and some efforts were made to remove the signs that the ships had been at sea for a long time. The destroyers conducted some exercises.

At daylight on August 25th, the destroyers, including the two US destroyers, were topped up by HMS King George V, HMS Newfoundland and HMNZS Gambia. In the late afternoon or early evening HMAS Quickmatch (Cdr. J.K. Walton, RAN) arrived from Manus with mail and fuelled from HMS King George V while transferring the mail. Later a signal was received to close the Japanese Coast.

On the 26th a signal was received to return to the previous area as weather was still unsuitable to enter Japanese waters. HMAS Quickmatch was ordered to join the Logistics Group and transfer and collect their mails and then return to the southwards. In the afternoon a signal was received to enter Japanese waters (Sagami Wan) on 27 August and Tokyo Bay on 30 August so course was set to get closer to the coast.

On the 27th Task Force 37 entered Sagami Wan and around 1450/27 anchored in their assigned berths. The two US destroyers were ordered to rejoin the US Fleet.

The 28th was spent painting and cleaning the ships. Also the hospital ship Tjitjalengka (10972 GRT, built 1939) arrived and anchored in Sagami Wan. She was being escorted by the sloop HMS Crane (Lt.Cdr. R.G. Jenkins, DSC, RN).

On the 29th Task Goups 30.1 and 30.2, the American and British flagship groups entered Tokyo Bay at daylight, so HMS Duke of York, HMS Wager and HMS Whelp were the first British ships to enter Tokyo Bay.

On 30 August, HMS Teazer and HMS Terpsichore, which both had minor defects, entered Sagami Wan and joined Task Force 37. Also the destroyer HMS Quality (Cdr. the Viscount Jocelyn, RN) joined at daylight, coming from Manus. She was the first destroyer to arrive from the destroyers sent to relieve those still at sea with HMS Indefatigabele.

Later on the day, HMS King George V, HMS Quality, HMAS Napier and HMAS Nizam were ordered to enter Tokyo Bay. They anchored off Yokohama. HMS Teazer and HMS Terpsichore also entered Tokyo Bay and secured alongside the battleships to make good their defects. HMS Quality, after having fuelled was sent out to sea to join HMS Indefatigable while HMS Speaker, now fitted out to embark POW's, entered Tokyo Bay.

On 31 August 1945, more British and Commonwealth ships entered Tokyo Bay, these were HMS Newfoundland, HMNZS Gambia from Sagami Wan and HMAS Shropshire (Capt. C.A.G. Nichols, MVO, DSO, RN), HMAS Hobart (Capt. R.S. Dowling, RAN), HMAS Warramunga (Cdr. M.J. Clark, DSC, RAN) and HMAS Bataan (Cdr. H.M. Burrell, RAN) which came from Okinawa.

Also ships from the Logistics Group entered Tokyo Bay, these were the tankers Carelia, Dingledale (8145 GRT, built 1941), Wave King (8159 GRT, built 1944), stores ship Fort Wrangell, escort carrier HMS Ruler, sloop HMS Crane, HMS Pheasant (Lt.Cdr. J.B. Palmer, RN), HMS Woodcock (A/Lt.Cdr. S.J. Parsons, DSC, RN), frigate HMS Derg (Lt.Cdr. N.B.J. Stapleton, RD, RNR) and the minesweepers/corvettes HMAS Cessnock, HMAS Pirie and HMAS Ipswich (T/Lt. R.H. Creasey, RANR(S)).

On September 1st, HMS Tenacious entered Tokyo Bay having been relieved by HMS Quality. HMS Speaker reported that she had 35 officers and 340 other ranks of former POW's that had already arrived on board. Most of them were in bad shape.

At 0930 hours on 2 September the formal ceremony of surrender took place on board USS Missouri. The war had ended.

Sources

  1. ADM 53/118272
  2. ADM 53/118273
  3. ADM 53/117877
  4. ADM 53/117702 + ADM 53/118273
  5. ADM 173/17897
  6. ADM 53/117147 + ADM 53/118274
  7. ADM 53/118274
  8. ADM 53/118274 + ADM 199/632
  9. ADM 199/632
  10. ADM 199/767 + ADM 199/2563
  11. ADM 53/117516 + ADM 53/118251 + ADM 199/638 + ADM 199/767
  12. ADM 199/638
  13. ADM 53/116989 + ADM 53/118275 + ADM 53/118339 + ADM 53/118555
  14. ADM 53/118275 + ADM 199/639
  15. ADM 53/118275
  16. ADM 53/118276 + ADM 199/639
  17. ADM 53/116990 + ADM 53/117492 + ADM 53/118276 + ADM 53/118313 + ADM 53/118340 + ADM 199/639
  18. ADM 199/639
  19. ADM 53/118276
  20. ADM 53/117899 + ADM 53/118276
  21. ADM 53/118277
  22. ADM 53/118277 + ADM 53/11
  23. ADM 53/118277 + ADM 53/118314 + ADM 234/356
  24. ADM 53/117900 + ADM 53/118277 + ADM 53/118314 + ADM 53/118642 + ADM 234/356
  25. ADM 53/117900 + ADM 53/118277 + ADM 53/118314 + ADM 53/118642 + ADM 199/640
  26. ADM 53/117900 + ADM 53/118277 + ADM 199/640
  27. ADM 234/356
  28. ADM 53/117900 + ADM 53/118277 + ADM 234/356
  29. ADM 53/117900 + ADM 53/118277 + ADM 199/640 + ADM 234/356
  30. ADM 53/118278
  31. ADM 53/118279
  32. ADM 53/118282
  33. ADM 53/120150
  34. ADM 53/120151
  35. ADM 53/120152
  36. ADM 53/120153
  37. ADM 53/120158
  38. ADM 53/120159
  39. ADM 53/121905
  40. ADM 53/121906
  41. ADM 53/121907
  42. ADM 53/121907 + ADM 53/121908
  43. ADM 53/121908
  44. ADM 53/121909
  45. ADM 53/121909 + Report from HMAS Hobart
  46. ADM 53/121910
  47. ADM 199/1457
  48. ADM 53/121539 + ADM 53/121910

ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.


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