USS Murphy (DD 603)
Destroyer of the Bristol class
|Navy||The US Navy|
|Built by||Bethlehem Steel Corp. (Staten Island, New York, U.S.A.)|
|Ordered||16 Dec 1940|
|Laid down||19 May 1941|
|Launched||29 Apr 1942|
|Commissioned||27 Jul 1942|
|End service||9 Mar 1946|
Decommissioned 9 March 1946.
Commands listed for USS Murphy (DD 603)
Please note that we're still working on this section.
|1||Lt.Cdr. Leonard William Bailey, USN||27 Jul 1942||11 Feb 1944|
|2||T/Cdr. Royal Allan Wolverton, USN||11 Feb 1944||28 Jan 1945|
|3||T/Cdr. Bernard Adrian Smith, USN||28 Jan 1945||1 Jan 1946|
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Notable events involving Murphy include:
5 May 1943
Convoy TA 41B.
This convoy was only made up of one ship, the troopship Queen Mary (British, 81235 GRT, built 1936). She departed the Clyde on 5 May 1943 for New York and had on board about 5000 German POW's and also Prime Minister Churchill and his staff.
The AA cruiser HMS Scylla (Capt. I.A.P. Macintyre, CBE, DSO, RN) departed Scapa Flow on 4 May 1943 and provided close escort for the troopship.
On 5 May 1943, the light cruiser HMS Glasgow (Capt. E.M. Evans-Lombe, RN) departed Scapa Flow to provide cover. HMS Glasgow returned to Scapa Flow on 10 May apparently having turned back on 8 May.
Also on 5 May 1943, the aircraft carrier HMS Indomitable (Capt. G. Grantham, CB, DSO, RN) departed Greenock to provide air cover for the Queen Mary during the first part of her voyage. The carrier was escorted by the destroyers HMS Matchless (Lt.Cdr. J. Mowlam, DSO, RN), HMS Mahratta (Lt.Cdr. E.A.F. Drought, DSC, RN) and HMS Eclipse (Lt.Cdr. E. Mack, DSO, DSC, RN). They turned back very late on 6 May and HMS Indomitable and HMS Eclipse returned to the Clyde on the 8th. HMS Matchless and HMS Mahratta were detached on the 8th to proceed to Scapa Flow where they arrived later on the same day.
Also on 5 May 1943, the light cruiser HMS Uganda (Capt. W.G. Andrewes, RN) and AA cruiser HMS Charybdis (Capt. G.A.W. Voelcker, RN) departed Plymouth to make rendezvous with the Queen Mary. Rendezvous was effected on 7 May. Most likely HMS Scylla then parted company as she arrived at Plymouth on 8 May. HMS Charybdis parted company around 2100A/8 to return to Plymouth where she arrived on 10 May.
The Queen Mary then continued on escorted by HMS Uganda.
At 1345N/9, the heavy cruisers USS Tuscaloosa (Capt. J.B.W. Waller, USN), USS Augusta (Capt. G. Hutchins, USN) and the destroyers USS Fitch (T/Cdr. K.C. Walpole, USN), USS Corry (T/Cdr. L.B. Ensey, USN), USS Hobson (T/Lt.Cdr. K. Loveland, USN) and Murphy (T/Cdr. L.W. Bailey, USN) joined. They had departed Argentia, Newfoundland on 6 May. HMS Uganda parted company shortly afterwards and proceeded to Argentia, arriving there on 11 May.
In the morning of the 10th the four US destroyers were relieved by four other destroyers, these were USS Mervine (T/Cdr. S.D. Willingham, USN), USS Quick (T/Cdr. P.W. Cann, USN), USS Beatty (T/Cdr. F.C. Stelter, Jr., USN) and USS Tillman (T/Cdr. F.D. McCorkle, USN).
The Queen Mary and her USN escort arrived at New York on 11 May.
11 Aug 1943
Around 0845/11, the Oran section of a convoy (Task Group 89.6) made up of the US transport USS Merak (6982 GRT, built 1932, Lt.Cdr. J.C. Cawthon, USN) and the US tankers USS Chemung (T/Capt. J.J. Twomey, USN) and Salamonie (T/Capt. L.J. Johns, USN) formed off Mers-el-Kebir. They were escorted by the destroyers USS Butler (T/Cdr. M.D. Matthews, USN, with the C.O. DesDiv 34, T/Capt. J.B. Rooney, USN, on board), USS Earle (T/Capt. H.W. Howe, USN), USS Gherardi (T/Cdr. J.W. Schmidt, USN) and USS Roe (T/Cdr. R.L. Nolan, Jr., USN). Course was set to the westwards.
Around 0215/12, the damaged cruiser HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) departed Gibraltar to join the convoy for passage to the USA for repairs.
Around 1300/12, the Casablanca section of the convoy departed Casablanca to join the Oran section at sea. They merged around 1530/12. The Casablanca section of Task Group 89.6 was made up of the tanker Buena Vista (10198 GRT, built 1943) and the transports Borinquen (7114 GRT, built 1931), USS Chateau Thierry (9050 GRT, built 1920, Cdr. B.W. Cloud, USN), Evangeline (5043 GRT, built 1927), Mexico (5236 GRT, built 1932), USS Orizaba (6937 GRT, built 1918, Cdr. L.E. Kelly, USN) and Shawnee (6209 GRT, built 1927). They were escorted by the destroyers Cowie (T/Cdr. C.J. Whiting, USN), Glennon (T/Cdr. F.C. Camp, USN), Herndon (T/Cdr. G.A. Moore, USN), Jeffers (T/Cdr W.T. McGarry, USN), Murphy (T/Cdr. L.W. Bailey, USN) and Nelson (T/Cdr. M.M. Riker, USN, with the C.O. Destroyer Squadron 17, T/Capt. D.L. Madeira, USN, onboard).
This convoy was transporting POW's from North Africa to the USA.
Early in the afternoon of the 15th, USS Gherardi fuelled from the USS Chemung.
Between 0530/17 and 1000/17, all destroyers fuelled from USS Chemung and USS Salamonie.
At 1743/17, USS Glennon reported sighting a submarine while in position 36°27'N, 42°11'W. The convoy made an emergency turn to starboard and USS Glennon and USS Nelson proceeded to hunt the submarine. At 1805/17, USS Nelson dropped a pattern of five depth charges on a sound contact. At 1813/17, USS Nelson dropped nine depth charges on a sound contact. USS Glennon and USS Nelson continued to hunt the submarine until 2102/17 when they left the scene to rejoin the convoy which they did very early the next day. The sumbarine in question was most likely the German U-760 which reported being attacked by two destroyers at the same time but about 75 nautical miles away in approximate position 35°33'N, 43°18'W.
At 0702/18, USS Nelson obtained a sound contact and the convoy made an emergency turn to starboard. Between 0707 and 0715/18, USS Nelson made two depth charge attacks during which two five charge patterns were dropped. She continued her search until 0745/1 but then set course to rejoin the screen which she did at 0840/18.
At 1623/18, USS Nelson obtained another sound contact and once again the convoy made an emergency turn to starboard. Between 1626 and 1830/18, USS Murhpy and USS Nelson searched the area during which USS Nelson conducted three depth charge attacks (one depth charge, five depth charges and nine depth charges) and USS Murphy two (seven depth charges and seven depth charges), but with no result. At 1830/18, USS Nelson set course to rejoin the convoy which she did at 2054/18. USS Murphy continued the seatch on her own until 1930/18. She rejoined the convoy screen at 2330/18.
Meanwhile, at 2315/18, USS Gherardi had obtained a sound contact close aboard on which she immediately dropped a single depth charge and then turned to investigate. USS Cowie was sent to assist her in the hunt and then take over the search but neither destroyer obtained any further contacts. USS Gherardi rejoined the convoy screen at 0150/19 and USS Cowie at 0330/19.
At 0820/20, HMS Newfoundland parted company to proceed to Boston, Massachusetts escorted by USS Butler and USS Murphy. The destroyers parted company with HMS Newfoundland at 1025/21 which then proceeded to the Boston Navy Yard for repairs to her action damage. She arrived at the Boston Navy Yard around 1500/21. The destroyers then proceeded to Newport, Rhode Island via the Cape Cod Canal. They arrived at Newport around 1630/21.
At 1335/20, USS Chemung, USS Salamonie and USS Merak parted company to proceed to Norfolk escorted by USS Cowie and USS Earle. At 0555/22, USS Merak and USS Cowie parted company to proceed to New York where they arrived around 1800/22. USS Chemung, USS Salamonie and USS Earle arrived at Norfolk around 1930/22.
Around 1100/22, the main body of the convoy arrived at New York.
21 Oct 1943
USS Murphy was rammed off New York by the tanker Bulkoil. The forward section of the ship sank, taking 36 officers and men with it. The stern section was towed to the New York Navy yard where a new forward section was fitted. In all the repairs took some 7 months.
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