Allied Warships

Events on this day

24 September

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This page is our compilation of data from several different databases. All data shown here is dynamic, but is accurate according to the information we have right now. Although content is still being added daily, more than 75% of the launched and commissioned data is already in place, so this section is almost complete.

Quick links: War losses - General events

The Shipyard Report


Laid down (34)

1918: Royal Navy Destroyer Chesterfield (I 28) - US Navy Destroyer George E. Badger (AVD 3) - US Navy Destroyer Welborn C. Wood (DD 195)

1931: Royal Navy Light cruiser Neptune (20)

1936: Royal Navy Destroyer Sikh (F 82)

1937: Royal Navy Destroyer Jackal (F 22)

1940: Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 13 (LCT 13) - Royal Navy Destroyer Quadrant (G 11) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-453 (SC-453)

1942: Royal Navy Minesweeper BYMS 2168 (J 968) - Royal Navy Minesweeper BYMS 2264 (J 1064) - Royal Navy Tank landing ship LST 412 (LST 412) - US Navy Destroyer Charles J. Badger (DD 657) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-24 (LCI(L)-24) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 184 (LCT 184) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 321 (LCT 321) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 347 (LCT 347) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 463 (LCT 463) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 464 (LCT 464) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 412 (LST 412) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 169 - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-1319 (SC-1319) - US Navy Oiler Schuylkill (AO 76) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-264 (YMS-264)

1943: Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-491 (LCI(L)-491) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-491 (LCI(L)-491) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 520 (LST 520) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 53 (LST 53) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 532 (LST 532) - US Navy Patrol craft PCE(R)-849 (PCE(R)-849)

1944: US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 1438 (LCT 1438) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 1439 (LCT 1439) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 1440 (LCT 1440) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 893 (LST 893)

Launched (54)

1907: Royal Navy Tug Robust (W 28)

1916: Italian Navy Destroyer Augusto Riboty

1919: Royal Navy Light cruiser Despatch (D 30)

1924: French Navy Large destroyer Chacal

1926: Royal Navy Submarine Oberon (N 21)

1929: Royal Dutch Navy Minesweeper B - Royal Norwegian Navy Submarine B-6

1930: Royal Navy MS Trawler Grampian (FY 546)

1934: Royal Navy ASW Trawler Oriental Star (FY 178)

1935: Royal Navy Barrage / Gate vessel Dowgate (Z 17) - Soviet Navy Submarine ShCh-317

1937: Soviet Navy Destroyer Rezviy

1938: Royal Navy Boom defence vessel Barcroft (Z 22) - US Navy Destroyer Jouett (DD 396)

1941: Royal Navy Rescue Tug Adherent (W 108) - Royal Navy Corvette Godetia (ii) (K 226) - Royal Navy MS Trawler Kerrera (T 200) - Royal Navy ASW Trawler Portsdown (T 221) - Royal Norwegian Navy MS Trawler Oksøy (ii) (T 200)

1942: Royal Navy Sloop Chanticleer (U 05) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-12 (LCI(L)-12) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-97 (LCI(L)-97) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 230 (J 730) - Royal Navy Frigate Mourne (K 261) - Royal Navy Destroyer Savage (G 20) - Royal Navy Tank landing ship Thruster (F 131) - Royal Navy Submarine Usurper (P 56) - US Navy Destroyer Brownson (i) (DD 518) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-12 (LCI(L)-12) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-331 (LCI(L)-331) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-97 (LCI(L)-97) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 199 (LCT 199) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 271 (LCT 271) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 288 (LCT 288) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 458 (LCT 458) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-623 (PC-623) - Soviet Navy Submarine M-104

1943: Royal Navy Frigate Hoste (K 566) - Royal Navy Frigate Manners (K 568) - Royal Navy Frigate Moorsom (K 567) - Royal Navy Frigate Mounsey (K 569) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-472 (LCI(L)-472) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 531 (LCT 531) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 532 (LCT 532) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 533 (LCT 533) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 534 (LCT 534) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 47 (LST 47) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 559 - US Navy Vehicle landing ship Saugus (LSV 4)

1944: US Navy Oiler Anacostia (AO 94) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-715 (LCI(L)-715)

1945: Royal Navy Submarine Ambush (P 418) - Royal Navy Frigate Pegwell Bay (K 638)

1946: Soviet Navy Submarine M-214

Commissioned (44)

1919: Royal Navy Light cruiser Cairo (D 87) - US Navy Destroyer Southard (DMS 10)

1920: US Navy Destroyer Reuben James (i) (DD 245)

1923: Royal Dutch Navy Submarine K X

1935: Royal Australian Navy Light cruiser Sydney (D 48)

1940: Royal Canadian Navy Destroyer Annapolis (I 04) - Royal Canadian Navy Destroyer Columbia (I 49) - Royal Canadian Navy Destroyer Niagara (I 57) - Royal Canadian Navy Destroyer St. Clair (I 65) - Royal Canadian Navy Destroyer St. Croix (I 81) - Royal Canadian Navy Destroyer St. Francis (I 93)

1941: Royal Navy Boom defence vessel Barfoam (Z 182) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 144 (LCT 144) - Royal Navy Motor Anti-Submarine Boat MA/SB 32 (MA/SB 32) - Royal Navy Submarine P 36 (P 36)

1942: Brazilian Navy Patrol craft Guaporé (G 1) - Brazilian Navy Patrol craft Gurupi (G 2) - Royal Navy Submarine Seadog (P 216) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 15 (LCT 15) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 16 (LCT 16) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 448 (LCT 448) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 449 (LCT 449) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-761 (SC-761) - US Navy Escort carrier Suwannee (CVE 27) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-122 (YMS-122) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-92 (YMS-92)

1943: Royal Navy Motor Launch ML 582 (ML 582) - Royal Navy Destroyer Urchin (ii) (R 99) - US Navy Fleet tug Chetco (AT 166) - US Navy Salvage vessel Gear (ARS 34) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-372 (LCI(L)-372) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-467 (LCI(L)-467) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 124 (LST 124) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 273 (LST 273) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 41 (LST 41) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-1171 (PC-1171) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-1233 (PC-1233) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 292 - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-1320 (SC-1320) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-1324 (SC-1324) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-388 (YMS-388)

1945: US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 555 (LSM 555) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 618

1946: US Navy Submarine rescue vessel Petrel (ASR 14)

Legend:

Laid down means that the ship's construction was officially started by laying down the keel (often just a single steel beam but could also mean the first of many pre-fabricated sections).

Launched means that the ship was launched from its shipyard, it then began its fitting out period (installation of smaller systems, weapons etc.) - in many yards the ships were launched very complete and needed little work afterwards.

Commissioned is when the navy takes the ship officially over and gives command of it to its new captain.

War Losses on 24 September (5)


1940: French Navy Submarine Ajax - Royal Navy Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 15 (MTB 15)

1943: Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 70 (J 570) - Italian Navy Torpedo boat Francesco Stocco

1944: US Navy Minesweeper YMS-19 (YMS-19)

More information on Allied Warships losses.


General Events on 24 September


1939

Royal Navy Light cruiser HMS Calypso: HMS Calypso (Capt. N.J.W. William-Powlett, DSC, RN) intercepts the German merchant Minden (4165 GRT) south of Iceland in position 62°00'N, 15°34'W. However before the ship can be captured she is scuttled by her own crew.

Royal Dutch Navy Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: HrMs Tromp (Capt. J.W. Termijtelen, RNN) is undocked.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Thistle: HMS Thistle (Cdr. R.W. Stirling-Hamilton, RN) departed from Dover bound for Dundee. Escort is provided by HMS Beagle (Lt.Cdr. R.H. Wright, RN). Later Beagle is relieved by HMS Weston (Cdr. (retired) A.G. Davidson, RN). The next day Thistle is taken up in convoy FN 10 that is escorted by the above mentioned HMS Weston as well as HMS Pelican (Cdr. L.A.K Boswell, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Swordfish: HMS Swordfish (Lt. C.B. Crouch, RN) was informed of HMS Spearfish’s predicament (she had been damaged by mine) and ordered to stay clear of the area where this submarine was to rendezvous with the 6th destroyer flotilla.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Spearfish: HMS Spearfish (Lt. J.H. Eaden, RN) was heavily damaged by German warships off Horns Reef. She was unable to submerge but nevertheless managed to escape. A rescue mission was undertaken by the British Humber force and Home fleet. Spearfish safely put in Rosyth on the 27th. Repairs to Spearfish were completed in early March 1940. (All times are zone -1) 24 September 1939 0346 hours - Dived in position 55°20'N, 06°50E. 0420 hours - Heard a curious 'gurgling grunt' noise. Heard very faint HE ahead. Spearfish was severly handicapped by not being able to use her ASDIC in the shallow water. 0713 hours - A depth charge exploded vibrating the whole submarine. Bottomed in 84 feet and stopped all machinery possible and listened carefully. Except for the intermittent 'gurgling grunt' all was quiet. 0800 hours - Position was now 55°12'N, 06°50'E. 0900 hours - Decided to come to periscope depth and have a look as nothing had been heard for nearly two hours except for the 'gurgling grunts'. Went to diving stations. 0905 hours - The ballast pump had hardly been running for three minutes when a heavy depth charge exploded quite close and shook the submarine. It blew the steering motor fuses but otherwise did no damage. It was now apparent that Spearfish was being hunted. Immediately stopped all machinery. The enemy remained in the area for the whole day until at ..... 1720 hours - Some form of wire or grapnel was heard passing over the after jumping stay. Next a bump on the after casing followed by a series of short bumps moving aft. The charge thn exploded with a most appaling crash. The whole ship appeared to spring inwards and then open out again. Nearly all lights were smashed including glass shades. Ordered the crew to diving stations, switch on secondary lighting and investigate the damage. Immediate damage was as follows: Engine room pressure hull and frames badly pushed in and leaking. Port main motor cooler burst and port main motor switchboard covered in water. Serious HP air leaks. Main battery ventilation drain running water. As soon as it became apparent that there was no immediate danger of the ship flooding up, new light bulbs were fitted, broken glass carefully swept up and HP air leaks stopped as far as possible. Apart from this no more was done to avoid making any more noise. Although more charges were expected after the first charges no more followed. Decided to remain down because it was quite possible that the emeny was not aware that Spearfish had been hit and damaged. The crew meanwhile behaved magnificently to the highest standards of the submarine service. 1800 hours - Issued a tot of rum to all officers and crew and made them lie down to conserve air which was getting very foul. Several of the crew were breathing heavily. 1830 hours - The bow started to lift sharply and then fall back with a thud. This was repeated about 20 times. This was most likely caused by swinging to the tide. 1920 hours - Mustered all hands. Explained the intention to blow all tanks by 2030 hours to get to the surface. If there was an ememy in sight on surfacing we would engage them. Started to prepair for surfacing. 2000 hours - Position still 55°12'N, 06°50'E. 2043 hours - All hand at dining stations. Blew main ballast and surfaced. No enemy in sight. Visibility was about three nautical miles. Proceeded slow ahead on the main motor on a course of 35 degrees. 2100 hours - Started the starboard engine. 2245 hours - Started the port engine. Meanwhile repairs were carried out to the damage which included smashed W/T aerials. 25 September 1939 0500 hours (approx) - Passed signals for assistance on fully rigged aerial. They had not been passed earlier for fear of D/F. Closed to within three neatical miles of Danish territorial waters. 0720 hours - Altered course to 320° to make for the Norwegian coast. 0804 hours - Sighted smoke coming from the southward. Could not wait to verify the smoke but they might well be enemy patrols. Altered course towards Danish waters. Patrolled near Danish territorial waters. 1435 hours - Sighted two large single wing float planes to the southward. The nearest passed about four nautical miles away. Avoided detection by keeping within 500 yards of some sand dunes and steaming slow on one engine. Manned the Lewis gun and two rifles. 1543 hours - Sighted two float planes, possibly the same two returning, the nearest machine was flying very low and passed two to three nautical miles away. Manned the Lewis gun and the rifles as before. 2005 hours - Set course to 287° to make for rendez-vous position signalled by Capt.(D) 6.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Triton: HMS Triton (Lt.Cdr. H.P. de C. Steel, RN) shifted from Rosyth to Dundee.

Royal Indian Navy Sloop HMIS Cornwallis: HMIS Cornwallis (Cdr. H.C. Beauchamp, RIN) departed Bombay for a patrol off the Nicobar Islands.

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Defender: HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) is docked at Alexandria.

1940

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Otway: HMS Otway (Lt. E.D. Norman, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Perseus (i): HMS Perseus (Lt.Cdr. P.J.H. Bartlett, RN) departed Alexandria for Malta where she was to refit. Originally she was to proceed to the U.K. for refit but as British yards were crowded with ships that needed repairs/refit she was sent to Malta instead. For the daily positions of HMS Perseus during this passage see the map below. HMS Perseus passage Alexandria - Malta click here for bigger map

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Cachalot: HMS Cachalot (Lt.Cdr. J.D. Luce, RN) attacks a submarine with torpedoes in the Bay of Biscay in position 46°58'N, 05°56'W. The target is not hit. The target was almost certainly U-48 (KL Heinrich Bleichrodt) which arrived at Lorient the following day [the U-boat was reported on course 090 degrees]. She was a few miles from Cachalot but did not observe the attack. (All times are zone -1) 1930 hours - Sighted the conning tower of a submarine bearing 170°. Altered course to close. 1943 hours - In position 46°58'N, 05°56'W fired 6 torpedoes from long range, 7500 yards. Five minutes after firing two explosions were heard. 1945 hours - Two torpedoes were heard to pass very close. One to each side. It was thought that the U-boat had fired on Cachalot but later it was thought that two torpedoes had malfunctioned and turned back towards Cachalot. 2110 hours - Surfaced and proceeded to the area of the attack. There was a distinct smell of diesel fuel over a wide area. It was thought the target had been sunk but this was not the case.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tuna: HMS Tuna (Lt.Cdr. M.K. Cavenagh-Mainwaring, RN) torpedoed and sank the German catapult ship Ostmark (1281 GRT, built 1936) in the Bay of Biscay about 35 nautical miles South-West of St. Nazaire, France in position 47°01'N, 03°02'W. (All times are zone 1) 0421 hours - Sighted three dark objects on the port bow. Altered course and started attack. The contacts were identified as a merchant vessel escorted by two destroyers. 0435 hours - Fired six torpedoes from 8000 yards against the merchant. Went deep upon firing. One of the destroyers was heard to come towards, most likely running down the torpedo tracks. One hit was obtained on the target 6min, 45sec after firing the last torpedo. No counter attack followed. Tuna set course to the South to resume her patrol off the Gironde. Note: The Ostmark was escorted by the German minesweepers M 6 and M 12

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Upright: HMS Upright (Lt. F.J. Brooks, RN) returned to Rothesay upon completion of the night attack exercises.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. R.S. Brookes, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. L.W. Napier, RN) conducted A/S exercises of Campbeltown with HMS Tuscarora (Capt.(Retd.) E.C. Stubbs, RN) and HMS Terje 1 (Skr. C. Coultas, DSC, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. G.V. Prowse, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory with HMS Pirouette (T/Lt. E.R. Pate, RNR) and HMS Honeysuckle (Lt. G.W. Gregorie, RNR).

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Skate: HMS Skate (Lt. F.P. Baker, DSC, RN) picks up 45 survivors from the British merchant Scholar, that was torpedoed and damaged on 22 September 1940 by German U-boat U-100 about 340 nautical miles west of Bloody Foreland in position 55°11'N, 17°58'W. On 23 September 1940 the Scholar was taken in tow by the British rescue tug HMRT Marauder (Lt. W.J. Hammond) in position 55?10'N, 17?49'W. On the 24th the tow was abandoned in position 54°38'N, 16°40'W and the wreck of the Scholar was scuttled by HMS Skate.

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Diamond: HMS Diamond (Lt.Cdr. P.A. Cartwright, RN) arrived at Suez from escort duty in the Red Sea. She then transited the Suez Canal nothwards. She departed Port Said later the same day for Alexandria where she arrived even later on the same day. The passage from Port Said was made together with HMAS Vampire (Cdr. J.A. Walsh, RAN).

Royal Navy MS Trawler HMS Grosmont Castle: The trawler picks up the shipwrecked men of the Faroese sailing ship Union Jack sunk 36 hours earlier by U-31. The arrived at Stornoway on 25 Sept and finally returned to Faroe Islands via ship Vilhelmina.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS L 27: HMS L 27 (Lt. R.E. Campbell, RN) departed Portsmouth for her 5th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the English Channel.

1941

Royal Navy Sloop HMS Lulworth: HMS Lulworth (Lt.Cdr. C. Gwinner, RN) picks up 5 survivors from the British merchant St. Clair II that was torpedoed and sunk west-northwest of the Canary Islands in position 30°25'N, 23°35'W by German U-boat U-67.

Royal Navy Sloop HMS Gorleston: HMS Gorleston (Cdr.(Retd.) R.W. Keymer, RN) picks up 26 survivors from the British merchant St. Clair II that was torpedoed and sunk west-northwest of the Canary Islands in position 30°25'N, 23°35'W by German U-boat U-67. HMS Gorleston also picks up 68 survivors from the British merchant John Holt and 47 survivors from the British merchant Lafian that were torpedoed and sunk by German U-boat U-107 southwest of Madeira in position 31°12'N, 23°32'W.

Royal Dutch Navy Destroyer HNMS Isaac Sweers: At 0830 hours, HMS Rodney (Capt. J.W. Rivett-Carnac, DSC, RN), and her escort HrMs Isaac Sweers (Cdr. J. Houtsmuller, RNN), ORP Piorun (Cdr. E.J.S. Plawski) and ORP Garland (Lt.Cdr. K.F. Namiesniowski, ORP) arrived at Gibraltar. At 1815 hours, HMS Nelson (Capt. T.H. Troubridge, RN), departed Gibraltar westwards. She was escorted by HrMs Isaac Sweers, ORP Piorun and ORP Garland. After a few hours course was reversed and they passed the Straits of Gibraltar eastwards to join up with the other forces. This was done to deceive enemy spies stationed in Spain. It was as if HMS Rodney had relieved HMS Nelson at Gibraltar and that HMS Nelson was now proceeding back to the U.K. After dark course was reversed so that they could not be spotted entering the Mediterranean to join up with the Halberd convoy / escorts.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Scapa Flow with vessels from the local defence.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Otus: HMS Otus (Lt. R.M. Favell, RN) conducted exercises off Alexandria.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Porpoise: HMS Porpoise (Lt.Cdr. J.G. Hopkins, RN) shifted from Holy Loch to Govan where she was immediately docked in No.2 dock.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (Lt. R.P. Raikes, RN) conducted exercises off Blyth with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Triumph (i): HMS Triumph (Cdr. W.J.W. Woods, RN) damaged the Italian water tanker Poseidone (6533 GRT, built 1912). (All times are zone -2) 1221 hours - Sighted an unescorted tanker 20° on the starboard bow at a range of 9000 yards. Started attack. 1243 hours - Near position 42°24'N, 14°31'E fired four torpedoes from 2500 yards. One torpedo hit just abaft the bridge. The tankers speed was reduced to 3 knots. 1253 hours - Fired one torpedo from 1600 yards to finish her off. It hit abreast the funnel. It caused the target to stop and list heavily to starboard but it did not sink. It was intended to fire another torpedo but Cdr. Woods was unable to do so as the sea was covered in oil and it's time the periscope was raised in the oil covered water the oil would stick to the periscope and he could not see anything. 1336 hours - After increasing the range to get out of the oil fired a torpedo from 3500 yards. It missed. 1344 hours - Fired Triumph's last torpedo from 3000 yards but this one also missed. 1346 hours - Cdr. Woods took Triumph to seaward to deeper water. He was hoping to see the tanker settle in the water but it did not do so. Meanwhile three small craft had appeared on the scene and he feared that it were A/S vessels but they soon turned out to be a tug and two small motor vessels like pilot cutters. 1418 hours - The tug had now taken the tanker in tow so Cdr. Woods decided to engage with gunfire. 1432 hours - Surfaced and opened fire on the tug, which quickly slipped her tow. After 6 rounds fire was shifted to the tanker. 1434 hours - A shore battery opened a slow and inaccurate gunfire. Meanwhile several hits had been obtained on the tanker. One of the pilot cutters also took a hit and was not seen again and was most likely sunk. 1442 hours - The shore battery now began to find the range so the action was broken off and Triumph submerged. As Cdr. Woods closed the conning tower hatch a shell passed close overhead. Course was now set to the seaward to clear the area. According to Italian sources the Poseidone had two wounded. It was the freighter Sidamo undergoing repairs in Ortona who opened fire on the submarine, forcing her to dive and not shore a battery. The tug that took Poseidone in tow was the Loredan.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Taku: HMS Taku (Lt.Cdr. P.J.H. Bartlett, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Ardishaig.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Urge: HMS Urge (Lt. E.P. Tomkinson, RN) attacked an enemy merchant vessel off Cape Gallo, Sicily, Italy with one torpedo. No hit was obtained as the torpedo had a gyro failure. The target of this attack has not yet been identified (as of August 2013). (All times are zone -2) 1640 hours - While Urge was well inshore just Westward of Cape Gallo a merchant vessel of about 2500 tons was sighted. Enemy course was 165°. Started attack. 1701 hours - Fired one torpedo from 300 yards. It was thought to have run under the target until loud HE was heard on the Port side that was the torpedo circling due to a gyro failure. 1710 hours - The torpedo exploded on the bottom shaking Urge violently. --------------------------- During the night of 24 to 25 September an agent was landed near Cape Gall. The agent was a Frenchman and carried a radio transmitter and the sum of 100000 lires. He hid the transmitter and money and went to Palermo but was almost immediately taken under surveillance by the secret police and watched for six days. As he returned to his cache he was caught and collaborated with the Abwehr in a “funkspiel” or radio game. The torpedo boats Dezza and Cascino were sent to intercept the submarine and almost succeeded.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Umbra: Upon completion of her work-up period, HMS P 35 (Lt. S.L.C. Maydon, RN), departed Holy Loch for Dundee. She was escorted by HMS La Capricieuse (Lt.Cdr. G.W. Dobson, RNR) (Lt.Cdr. G.W. Dobson, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 36: HMS P 36 (Lt. H.N. Edmonds, DSC, RN) arrived at Holy Loch to begin a training period.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. J.W.D. Coombe, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Bedlington (Skr. J.H.D. Dansie, RNR) and HMS Bretwalda (Skr. J. Windram, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. A.J.W. Pitt, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. W.A. Phillimore, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. A.C. Halliday, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Tuscarora (Lt.Cdr.(Emgy.) Lord Teynham, RN) and HMS St. Modwen (Lt.Cdr. F.J. Webster, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. N. Marriott, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Londonderry (Cdr. J.S. Dalison, RN) and HMS Folkestone (A/Cdr. D.E.G. Wemyss, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS L 27: HMS L 27 (Lt. N.L.A. Jewell, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

1942

Royal Norwegian Navy Submarine HNoMS Uredd: HNoMS Uredd (Lt. Røren) ended her 5th war patrol at Lerwick.

Royal Dutch Navy Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: HrMs Tromp (Capt. J.B. de Meester, RNN) and HMAS Adelaide (A/Capt. J.C.D. Esdaile, OBE, RAN) departed Fremantle for exercises.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 19: HrMs O 19 (Lt.Cdr. H.F. Bach Kolling, RNN(R)) arrived at Simonstown. At Simonstown the Vulcan Clutch from the port diesel engine is removed to be fitted on board HrMs O 21 which had a defective clutch. This took quite some time.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Otway: HMS Otway (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) J.R.G. Harvey, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Proteus: HMS Proteus (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) departed Malta for Gibraltar. As there is no log available no map can be displayed for this passage.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Regent: HMS Regent (Lt. W.N.R. Knox, DSC, RN) arrived at Bermuda.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Severn: After a day of trials in Delaware Bay, HMS Severn (Lt.Cdr. A.N.G. Campbell, RN), returned to the Philadelphia Navy Yard.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Rorqual: HMS Rorqual (Lt.Cdr. L.W. Napier, RN) departed Beirut for Malta. This was her 4th storage trip to Malta. The main items of her cargo were: 45 tons of aviation spirit 11 Mark VIII torpedoes 8 18" aircraft torpedoes 5 tons of dehydrated vegetables 1,5 tons of carbide Tinned provisions, special RAF stores and mail. For the daily positions of HMS Rorqual during this passage see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sealion: HMS Sealion (Lt. D. Lambert, DSC, RN) conducted speed trials on the Arran measured mile.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Seadog: P 216 (Lt. A.R. Daniell, DSC, RN) conducted full power trials on the Arran measured mile following which she was commissioned at Holy Loch.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sibyl: HMS P 217 (Lt. E.J.D. Turner, DSC, RN) departed Lerwick for Holy Loch. She made the passage together with HMS P 221 (Lt. M.F.R. Ainslie, DSC, RN), HMS Unique (Lt. R.E. Boddington, RN) and HMS P 45 (Lt. H.B. Turner, RN). They were escorted by HMS White Bear (Cdr.(Retd.) C.C. Flemming, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Shakespeare: HMS P 221 (Lt. M.F.R. Ainslie, DSC, RN) departed Lerwick for Holy Loch. She made the passage together with HMS P 217 (Lt. E.J.D. Turner, DSC, RN), HMS Unique (Lt. R.E. Boddington, RN) and HMS P 45 (Lt. H.B. Turner, RN). They were escorted by HMS White Bear (Cdr.(Retd.) C.C. Flemming, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Splendid: HMS P 228 (Lt. I.L.M. McGeogh, RN) conducted attack exercises in the Clyde area for the C.O.Q.C. (Commanding Officers Qualifying Course) during which HMS La Cordeliere (A/Lt.Cdr. A.J.G. Barff, RNR) served as target.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tuna: HMS Tuna (Lt. R.P. Raikes, RN) conducted S.T.U. trials in the Clyde area. Upon completion of these trials HMS Tuna proceeded to Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trooper: HMS Trooper (Lt. J.S. Wraith, DSO, DSC, RN) conducted attack exercises in the Clyde area with HMS La Cordeliere (Lt.Cdr. A.J.G. Barff, RNR) serving as the target. These were followed by gunnery exercises on a target towed by HMS Z 5 (T/A/Lt.Cdr. S.T. Wenlock, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trespasser: HMS P 312 (Lt. R.M. Favell, RN) arrived at the Clyde for trials and working up.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unique: HMS Unique (Lt. R.E. Boddington, RN) ended her 21th war patrol at Lerwick. She departed Lerwick for Holy Loch later the same day. She made the passage to Holy Loch together with HMS P 221 (Lt. M.F.R. Ainslie, DSC, RN), HMS HMS P 217 (Lt. E.J.D. Turner, DSC, RN) and HMS P 45 (Lt. H.B. Turner, RN). They were escorted by HMS White Bear (Cdr. (Retd.) C.C. Flemming, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unrivalled: HMS P 45 (Lt. H.B. Turner, RN) departed Lerwick for Holy Loch. She made the passage together with HMS P 217 (Lt. E.J.D. Turner, DSC, RN), HMS P 221 (Lt. M.F.R. Ainslie, DSC, RN) and HMS Unique (Lt. R.E. Boddington, RN). They were escorted by HMS White Bear (Cdr.(Retd.) C.C. Flemming, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 48: HMS P 48 (Lt. M.E. Faber, RN) conducted exercises off Gibraltar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unshaken: HMS P 54 (Lt. C.E. Oxborrow, DSC, RN) ended her 3rd war patrol at Lerwick.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 28: HMS H 28 (Lt. C.H. Rankin, RN) is undocked and returned to Rothesay.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. J.R. Drummond, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Beagle (Cdr. R.C. Medley, RN), ORP Garland (Lt.Cdr. H. Eibel), HMCS Chambly (T/Cdr. J.D. Prentice, DSO, RCN), HMCS Napanee (T/Lt. S. Henderson, RCNR) and HMCS Eyebright (Lt. H.C.R. Davis, RCNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. J.P.H. Oakley, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises at / off Scapa Flow.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. D.R.O. Mott, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. G.E. Hunt, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. C.R. Pelly, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

US Navy Submarine USS S-30: USS S-30 (Lt. F.W. Laing) departed from Dutch Harbour for her 2nd offensive war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Kiska.

US Navy Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt.Cdr. C.B. Stevens, Jr., USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Polish Navy Destroyer ORP Piorun: Piorun entered Gourock and was sent off for general repairs.

US Navy Submarine USS S-17: USS S-17 departed New London, Connecticut for the Philadelphia Navy Yard for a refit.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS L 23: HMS L 23 (Lt. J.S. Bridger, RN) conducted special trials at / off Loch Erisort.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS L 26: HMS L 26 (Lt. H.D. Verschoyle, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS L 27: HMS L 27 (Lt. W.N. Eade, RNR) conducted exercises in the Clyde area with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 614: HMS P 614 (Lt. D.J. Beckley, RN) ended her 4th war patrol at Lerwick.

Royal Hellenic Navy Submarine RHS Nereus: Nereus (Lt.Cdr. Rallis) torpedoed and sank the Italian Fiume (662 GRT) about 7 nautical miles south-west of Rhodos.

1943

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 15: HrMs O 15 (Lt.Cdr. A.J. Schouwenaar, RNN) departed Dundee for Lerwick. She made the passage together with HMS Satyr (Lt. T.S. Weston, RN) and HNoMS Ula (Lt. R.M. Sars). They were escorted by HMS Loch Monteith (T/Lt. K.W. Richardson, RNR).

US Navy Submarine USS Seadragon: USS Seadragon (Cdr. R.L. Rutter, USN) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 8th war patrol. Once again she was ordered to patrol in the Marshall Islands area. She was escorted out by USS PC 587 (Lt. R.E. Trumble, Jr., USNR). For daily and attack positions (though incomplete) for USS Seadragon during this patrol see the map below.

US Navy Submarine USS Permit: USS Permit (Lt.Cdr. Carter Lowe Bennett) ended her 10th war patrol when she returns to base at Pearl Harbor. Her 11th war patrol was in the Caroline Islands area from early January 1944 to mid-March 1944. Her 12th war patrol was in the same area where she was on lifeguard duty.

US Navy Submarine USS Darter: Having completed her torpedo trials, USS Darter (Cdr. W.S. Stovall, Jr., USN), returned to New London, Connecticut from Newport, Rhode Island.

US Navy Submarine USS Kingfish: USS Kingfish (Lt.Cdr. V.L. Lawrence) departed from Fremantle for her 5th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the South China Sea.

US Navy Submarine USS Rasher: USS Rasher (Cdr. E.S. Hutchinson) departed from Brisbane for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Makassar Strait and Celebes Sea.

US Navy Submarine USS Cabrilla: USS Cabrilla (Cdr. D.T. Hammond, USN) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese escort carrier Taiyo (offsite link) north-west of Chichi Jima in position 27°57'N, 146°07'E . (All times are zone K, -10) 0727 hours - In position 27°55'N, 146°05'E sighted mast bearing 151°(T), estimated range 22000 yards. Commenced approach. 0735 hours - Identified the ship as a destroyer. 0740 hours - Sighted two escort carriers in column. The destroyer was patrolling approximately 2000 yards ahead of the leading carrier. Indended to attack the leading escort carrier but maneuvers to evade the destroyer made this impossible so settled for an attack on the second carrier instead. 0801 hours - In position 27°57'N, 146°07'E fired six bow torpedoes from 1000 yards. Two torpedo explosions were heard. At the time of the explosions the destroyer was being observed and the explosions were not observed. Commenced maneuvering to bring the stern tubes to bear. 0803 hours - Sound picked up fast screws close aboard. A very loud explosion then followed that shook the boat considerably. Thought this to be a second escort that had not been observed or it was a bomb dropped by an aircraft. Went deep and rigged for silent running. 0806 hours - At 375 feet. Proceeded to the south-west at slow speed. 0813 hours - Three depth charges were dropped. 0852 hours - Two depth charges. 0900 hours - Four depth charges. 1005 hours - Heard a distant explosion. 1008 hours - Another distant explosion. 1030 hours - Main induction started leaking slightly. 1037 hours - Commenced reloading the forward torpedo tubes. 1103 hours - Heard another distant explosion. 1315 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Sighted the destroyer bearing 038°(T) at a range of 12000 yards. 1324 hours - Sighted an escort carrier bearing 036°(T) at a range of about 16000 yards in the approximate position of the attack. She was stopped and down by the stern. 1330 hours - Commenced approach. Sighted a seaplane patrolling near the carrier. 1400 hours - Sighted the plane coming towards. Went deep. 1420 hours - On the way back to periscope depth. Heard the destroyer coming towards. Went deep again. 1500 hours - Decided the destroyer was not in contact so started to proceed to periscope depth again. 1535 hours - Reached periscope depth. Sighted the other escort carrier towing the damaged one. The destroyer was patrolling between them and us. Range to the carriers was 14000 yards, speed 5 knots. Commenced approach. Soon lost the carriers in a rain squall and did not sight them afterwards. 1840 hours - Surfaced and conducted a radar search but unable to contact the carriers. Abondoned the search shortly before midnight and continued passage to our patrol area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Una: HMS Una (Lt. W.G. Meeke, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard with aircraft.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Oberon: HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.B.de B. Kershaw, DSO, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Proteus: HMS Proteus (Lt. H.D. Verschoyle, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Clyde: HMS Clyde (Lt.Cdr. R.S. Brookes, DSO, DSC, RN) departed New London, Connecticut, USA for Portsmouth, England, U.K.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Clyde: HMS Clyde (Lt.Cdr. R.S. Brookes, DSO, DSC, RN) departed New London, U.S.A. for Portsmouth, U.K. For the daily positions of HMS Clyde during this passage see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sealion: HMS Sealion (Lt. N.J. Coe, DSC, RNR) conducted night attack exercises in the Clyde area with HMS Breda (Capt.(Retd.) A.E. Johnston, RN). [Most likely these were for the C.O.Q.C. (Commanding Officers Qualifying Course) but this is not specified in the ships logbook.]

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Satyr: HMS Satyr (Lt. T.S. Weston, RN) departed Dundee for Lerwick. She made the passage together with the Norwegian submarine HNoMS Ula (Lt. R.M. Sars). They were ecorted by HMS Loch Monteith (T/Lt. K.W. Richardson, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sirdar: HMS Sirdar (Lt. J.A. Spender, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area. On completion of these exercises she proceeded to Rothesay.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Stonehenge: HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) ended her 1st war patrol (work up patrol) at Lerwick.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Storm: HMS Storm (T/Lt. E.P. Young, DSC, RNVR) shifted from the Clyde area to Larne where she conducted exercises later the same day.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Stratagem: Stratagem (T/Lt. R.L. Willoughby, RNR) departed her builders yard for Holy Loch.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (Lt.Cdr. W.N. Eade, RNR) conducted special trials in Loch Striven.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tantalus: At 1653 hours (time zone -1), HMS Tantalus (Lt.Cdr. H.S. Mackenzie, DSO and Bar, RN), slipped and departed Lerwick bound for Holy Loch. She was escorted by HMS La Capricieuse (Lt.Cdr. G.W. Dobson, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Umbra: HMS Umbra (Lt. P.H. May, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with aircraft.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unbroken: HMS Unbroken (Lt. B.J.B. Andrew, DSC, RN) arrived at Blyth where she was to refit.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Ultor: HMS Ultor (Lt. G.E. Hunt, DSC, RN) damaged the German (former French) tanker Champagne (9946 GRT, built 1938) escorted by the German motor minesweeper R 178 off Bastia, Corsica, France. The first attack (at 0349 hours) actually failed and was driven off by R 178 but she was hit twice in the second attack (at 1958 hours) and the damaged tanker was beached. She was torpedoed again on the 27th by HMS Uproar. (All times are zone -2) 0340 hours - In very poor visibility obtained a radar contact, bearing 300°, range 3500 yards. A dark shape was sighted against the land. Turned towards to attack. The target was hard to identify. Enemy course appeared to be 210°. 0345 hours - Identified the target as a medium sized tanker, speed by ASDIC 12 knots. Radar range was now 2000 yards. 0349 hours - Range now 1400 yards. Sighted an escort ahead of the tanker and shortly afterwards another one astern. Position was 42°31'N, 09°41'E. Fired the first torpedo and started to dive. The tanker and escort started to fire starshell and the tanker altered course away and the escorts toward. A second torpedo was fired but the other two torpedoes were not fired since the target now was altering course. While diving Ultor was hit by gunfire but fortunately it had caused only minor damage. No depth charges were dropped. ------------------------------------------ 1945 hours - Sighted a 10000 tons tanker coming out of Bastia harbour. It was getting dark but the target was against the horizon and quite visible. The target was escorted by two corvettes and four E-boats. Started attack. 1958 hours - In position 42°45'N, 09°41'E fired four torpedoes from 1800 yards. Enemy course was 073°, speed 12 knots. Two torpedo hits were heard, 70 and 82 seconds after firing the first torpedo. 2003 hours - Depth charging started. Ultor was hunted for about two hours but only a total eight depth charges were dropped early in the hunt. 2215 hours - Surfaced and retired from the area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Usurper: HMS Usurper (Lt. D.R.O. Mott, DSC, RN) departed Algiers for her 3rd war patrol (2nd in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Gulf of Genoa.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Universal: HMS Universal (Lt. C. Gordon, RN) conducted exercises off Algiers.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Varangian: HMS Varangian (Lt. J. Nash, DSC, RN) departed Lerwick for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Andøy, Norway. No log is available for this period so no map can be displayed.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Uther: HMS Uther (Lt. P.S. Beale, RN) arrived at Dundee where she joined the 9th submarine flotilla.

Royal Norwegian Navy Submarine HNoMS Ula: HNoMS Ula (Lt. R.M. Sars) departed Dundee for Lerwick. She made the passage together with HMS Satyr (Lt. T.S. Weston, RN) and HrMs O 15 (Lt.Cdr. A.J. Schouwenaar, RNN). They were escorted by HMS Loch Monteith (T/Lt. K.W. Richardson, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Venturer: HMS Venturer (Lt. J.S. Launders, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS La Cordeliere (Lt.Cdr. A.J.G. Barff, RNR) and HMS Altair (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) W.R.T. Clements, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Viking: HMS Viking (Lt. R. Bannar-Martin, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises at/off Scapa Flow with HMS Teazer (Lt.Cdr. A.A.F. Talbot, DSO and Bar, RN) and HMCS Haida (Cdr. H.G. De Wolf, RCN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. J.A.R. Troup, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Tuscarora (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) H.T. Pitt, RN) and HMS Spaniel.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. D.G. Kent, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Dart (Cdr. J.T. Jones, RD, RNR), HMS Viscount (Lt.Cdr. L.E. Woodhouse, RN) and ORP Burza (Cdr. F. Pitulko, ORP).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. H.C. Gowan, RN) shifted from Dartmouth to Falmouth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. J.C. Varley, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory.

US Navy Submarine USS R-1: USS R-1 (Lt.Cdr. N.D. Gage, USN) conducted exercises off Bermuda.

US Navy Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt. A.K. Tyree, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt.Cdr. W.L. Fey, Jr., USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. W.B. Parham, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt.Cdr. D.L. Mehlop, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. R. Holden, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt.Cdr. E.T. Shepard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS L 23: HMS L 23 (Lt. H.R. Murray, RN) is undocked.

1944

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 15: HrMs O 15 (Lt. W.C.M. de Jonge van Ellemeet, RNN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Spaniel and HMS Bedlington (Skr. A.W. Peak, RNR).

US Navy Submarine USS Salmon: USS Salmon (Lt.Cdr. H.K. Nauman) leaves Pearl Harbor for her 11th and final war patrol together with USS Trigger and USS Sterlet. They were to patrol off the Ryukyu Islands.

US Navy Submarine USS Silversides: USS Silversides (Lt.Cdr. J.S. Coye) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 11th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Kyushu, Japan.

US Navy Submarine USS Trigger: USS Trigger (Lt.Cdr. F.J. Harlfinger II) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 10th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol east of Formosa.

US Navy Submarine USS Hake: USS Hake (Lt.Cdr. F.E. Haylor) ended her 6th war patrol at Fremantle.

US Navy Submarine USS Jack: USS Jack (Lt.Cdr. A.E. Krapf) ended her 5th war patrol at Fremantle.

US Navy Submarine USS Tang: USS Tang (Cdr. R.H. O'Kane) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 5th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in Formosa Strait.

US Navy Submarine USS Archerfish: USS Archerfish (Cdr. W.H. Wright, USN) arrived at Midway. Cdr. J.F. Enright, USN reported on board as relief Commanding Officer. He took over command just after arriving at Pearl Harbour.

US Navy Submarine USS Barbero: At 1837 hours, USS Barbero (Cdr. I.S. Hartman, USN) started bombarding the Batag Island Light house keeper quarters from a range of 4500 yards. 33 rounds of 4" were used as well as 40mm. It was considered the light house would be out of action for quite a while.

US Navy Submarine USS Blackfin: USS Blackfin (Cdr. G.H. Laird, Jr., USN) conducted exercises off Pearl Harbour together with USS Charles R. Greer (Cdr. A. Jackson, Jr., USNR), USS Hemminger (Lt.Cdr. J.R. Bodler, USNR) and USS Sea Fox (Cdr. R.C. Klinker, USN).

US Navy Submarine USS Blower: USS Blower (Cdr. J.H. Campbell, USN) arrived at Key West, Florida from New London, Connecticut.

US Navy Submarine USS Bang: USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) departed her patrol area for Midway.

US Navy Submarine USS Spadefish: USS Spadefish (Cdr. G.W. Underwood) ended her 1st war patrol at Pearl Harbor.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Clyde: HMS Clyde (Lt. R.H. Bull, DSC, RN) departed Fremantle for Trincomalee via Exmouth Gulf. Defects had kept HMS Clyde from being deployed operationally from Australia. With HMS Severn now out of action and beyond economical repair on the station it had been decided to replace her with HMS Clyde. The Commanding Officer of HMS Severn, was flown to Fremantle to take over HMS Clyde. For the daily positions of HMS Clyde during this passage see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Porpoise: At 2000 hours HMS Porpoise (Lt. Cdr. H.A.L. Marsham, OBE, RN) was back off the island of Merapas and made contact with Davidson who confirmed the island would be suitable for their enterprise and at 2105 hours two assault boats loaded with stores left the submarine to land them on the island and were recovered at 0030 hours. Lt. Walter Carey was left behind to hide and guard the stores.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Safari: HMS Safari (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) J.R.G. Harvey, RN) conducted exercises for the C.O.Q.C. (Commanding Officers Qualifying Course) in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Seraph: HMS Seraph (Lt. T. Russell-Walling, RN) conducted speed trials on the measured mile in Loch Long.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Scythian: HMS Scythian (T/Lt C.P. Thode, RNZNVR) departed Scapa Flow for Holy Loch. She makes the passage together with HMS Sea Scout (Lt. J.W. Kelly, RN) and HMS Sceptre (Lt. I.S. McIntosh, MBE, DSO, DSC, RN). They were escorted by HMS Shikari (Lt. E.H.U. Cautley, RNVR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Spirit: HMS Spirit (Lt. A.W. Langridge, RN) ended her 4th war patrol (2nd in the Far East) at Trincomalee. She was escorted in by HMIS Pansy (Lt. R.G. Main, RINR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sturdy (ii): HMS Sturdy (Lt. W.St.G. Anderson, DSC, RNR) departed Fremantle for her 4th war patrol (3rd in the Far East and 1st in the South-West Pacific area). She was ordered to patrol South of Celebes, Gulf of Boni area. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Sturdy during this patrol see the map below. View HMS Sturdy 4th war patrol in a larger map

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Templar: HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) departed from Port Said bound for Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tudor: HMS Tudor (Lt. S.A. Porter, DSC, RN) lays 10 mines off the west coast of Siam. (All miles are zone -6,5) 2002 hours - Laid 6 mines staggered either side of a line 079° from position 07°23'3"N, 99°04'2"E up to the 5,5 fathom line. Distance between the mines was 600 feet. The depth of the water was 5,5 to 7 fathoms. 2050 hours - completed the first lay of 6 mines. 2310 hours - Commenced the second lay of 4 mines from position 07°28'N, 99°03'9"E, in a 275° direction staggered at 600 feet apart, in a depth of 7 fathoms. 2318 hours - Lay completed.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tiptoe: HMS Tiptoe (Lt.Cdr. P.R.H. Harrison, DSO, DSC and Bar, RN) departed from Barrow for Holy Loch.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Upright: HMS Upright (Lt. J.A.L. Wilkinson, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Bermuda with HMCS Coaticook (T/A/Lt.Cdr. L de la C. Audette, RCNVR ) and HMS Labuan (T/A/Lt.Cdr. V.D.H. Bidwell, DSC, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Uproar: HMS Uproar (Lt. J.N. Devlin, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unruffled: HMS Unruffled (Lt. R.F. Park, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Bermuda.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unshaken: HMS Unshaken (Lt. J.S. Pearce, RNR) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown together with HMS La Cordeliere (Lt.Cdr. A.J.G. Barff, RNR) and HMS Camellia (T/Lt. G.W. Charlton, DSC, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Varangian: HMS Varangian (Lt. A.J. Sumption, DSC, RNVR) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Upstart: At 2132 hours (zone -1) HMS Upstart (Lt. P.C. Chapman, DSC and Bar, RN) sighted a 50 tons caique. Fire was opened on this caique at 2149 hours. Two rounds were fired before the caique gave the correct recognition signal. Fire was then checked as it was obviously one of our own.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Upshot: HMS Upshot (Lt. H.W. Wilkinson, RN) conducted special radar trials off Lamlash with HMCS Copper Cliff (T/A/Lt.Cdr. F.G. Hutchings, RCNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Vigorous: HMS Vigorous (Lt. J.C. Ogle, DSC, RN) sinks the Greek sailing vessel Maria / VOL 78 with gunfire south-east of Cape Drepano, Sithonia Peninsula, Greece. (All times are zone -1) 2037 hours - Sighted an object to the southward and gave chase. 2100 hours - Identified the object as a large caique with two masts. Course of the caique was approximately 100°. 2122 hours - In position 39°30'N, 24°06'E opened fire with the deck gun from 800 yards. Fired four rounds and obtained two hits. The caique stopped and the crew abandoned ship. Picked up two old men and a boy. They did not speak English. Gain no information due to this except that they were en route from Salonika to Khios. Decided to board the caique however just as the boarding party was about to get in the boat the caique suddenly sank. The second hit had been in the hull aft. The caique must have filled up slowly until she sank.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Virulent: Virulent (Lt. S.J. Fovargue, RN) conducted exercises off Blyth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Visigoth: HMS Visigoth (Lt. J.R.H. Haddow, DSC, RN) departed Khios to continue her patrol. Later the same day she sank the caique Amerikana with gunfire at Strati Island. Another caique was damaged with gunfire. (All times are zone -1) 1810 hours - Closed Agios Strati on Strati Island. Two large two-masted caiques and several smaller caiques in the harbour. 1817 hours - Opened fire with starshell from a range of 800 yards. Also illuminated the harbour with the 6" signalling lamp. Hits were observed on both large caiques and several of the smaller ones might have been damaged as well. 33 Rounds were fired before the targets became obscured by smoke. Considered on of the large caiques to have sunk, the other large caique to have been damaged as well as several smaller caiques. 1824 hours - Continued passage to the patrol area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Vox: HMS Vox (Lt. J.M. Michell, RN) sank the Greek caique PI 380 / Agios Nikolaos with gunfire about 15 nautical miles south of the Kassandra Peninsula, Greece in position 39°44'N, 23°30'E. (All times are zone -1) 1945 hours - Sighted a caique bearing 265°. Set course to intercept bringing the caique into the path of the moon. 2022 hours - Range now 1000 yards. Opened fire. Position was 39°44'N, 23°30'E. 2027 hours - Ceased fire after 16 rounds had been fired. 2030 hours - The caique sank.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. A.M.B. Buxton, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR S-56: S-56 attacked a German convoy off Nordkyn with four torpedoes. No hits were obtained

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 614: HMS P 614 (T/Lt. P.C.S. Pritchard, RNR) shifted from Ardishaig to Rothesay. After a short stay at Rothesay she shifted to Kames Bay later the same day.

1945

US Navy Battleship USS Iowa: USS Iowa (Capt. C. Wellborn, Jr., USN) departed Buckner Bay, Okinawa for the United States via Pearl Harbour.

US Navy Submarine USS Baya: USS Baya (Lt.Cdr. B.C. Jarvis, USN) arrived at San Francisco from Pearl Harbour.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Seadog: HMS Seadog (Lt. E.A. Hobson, DSC, RN) arrived at Alexandria.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Thorough: HMS Thorough (Lt. A.G. Chandler, DSC, RNR) departed from Albany for Busselton.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Totem: HMS Totem (Lt.Cdr. M.B. St. John, DSC, RN) departed from Melbourne to return to Fremantle.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS United: HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) arrived at Rothesay.

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