Ships hit by U-boats


British Steam merchant

Photo courtesy of the Allen Collection

Type:Steam merchant
Tonnage7,464 tons
Completed1912 - Sir W.G. Armstrong, Whitworth & Co Ltd, Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
OwnerTurnbull, Martin & Co Ltd, London 
Date of attack20 Aug 1944Nationality:      British
FateSunk by U-861 (J├╝rgen Oesten)
Position30° 58'S, 38° 50'E - Grid JA 1215
Complement102 (8 dead and 94 survivors).
RouteLiverpool - Durban - Tamatave, Madagascar 
Cargo6000 tons of general cargo and a deck cargo of 70 tons of high octane motor spirit in drums 
History Completed in December 1912 as Clan Macarthur for The Clan Line Steamers Ltd, London. 1919 renamed Berwickshire for Turnbull, Martin & Co Ltd, London. 
Notes on event

At 00.38 hours on 20 August 1944 the Berwickshire (Master James McCrone) in convoy DN-68 was torpedoed and sunk by U-861 about 400 miles east-southeast of Durban. Eight crew members were lost. The master, 82 crew members and eleven gunners were picked up by HMS Norwich City (FY 229) (T/Lt R.A. Groom, RNVR) and landed at Durban.

On boardWe have details of 10 people who were on board

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