John A. Poor
American Steam merchant
|Name||John A. Poor|
|Type:||Steam merchant (Liberty)|
|Completed||1943 - New England Shipbuilding Corp, Portland ME|
|Owner||International Freighting Co Inc, New York|
|Date of attack||19 Mar 1944||Nationality: American|
|Fate||Sunk by U-510 (Alfred Eick)|
|Position||13° 58'N, 70° 30'E - Grid MR 6398|
|Complement||73 (34 dead and 39 survivors).|
|Route||Cochin, India (17 Mar) - Aden|
|Cargo||6300 tons ilmenite, 2100 tons general, incl. rugs, cashew nuts, jute, hides, scrap and 100 bags mail|
|History||Completed June 1943|
On 26 Jul 1943, the John A. Poor (Master William J. Uppit) sailed from Boston to Halifax with 8500 tons of general cargo in station #14 of the convoy BX-65, but lost contact in heavy fog. The ship streamed her anti-torpedo nets and continued alone at 8 knots, wandering into mines laid on 1 June by U-119 (von Kameke) in 42°51N/64°55W (grid BB 75). At 10.30 hours on 28 July, a heavy concussion occured off the starboard side, the ship suffered only minor damage and continued her voyage. One hour later another explosion occurred off the starboard side, and the master, thinking he saw a U-boat, turned the vessel. 15 minutes later a violent explosion damaged the steam lines, the boilers, the generators, cracked the spring bearings and stopped the vessel, but there was no hull damage. The armed guards fired the guns (the ship was armed with two 3in and eight 20mm guns) at a nonexistent enemy. The eight officers, 34 crewmen and 28 armed guards remained on board, one crewman was injured when he was blown off the generator platform into the bilges and had to be hospitalized at Halifax.
The John A. Poor was repaired and eventually arrived in Avonmouth via St. Johns. She did not get back to the US until 12 Nov 1943 when the ship arrived at Philadelphia.
|Notes on event|
At 19.45 hours on 19 March 1944 the John A. Poor (Master Francis Wallace Dulac) was hit by two torpedoes from U-510 in the Arabian Sea. The ship had been in a coastwise convoy, but left convoy at 21.45 hours on 18 March and sailed independently on a zigzag course at 12 knots. The first torpedo struck on the starboard side between #4 and #5 holds. The explosion blew off the #4 hatch cover and created a hole about 12 feet in diameter in the deck. The second struck in the #5 hold. The vessel immediately listed to starboard and settled rapidly, sinking within two minutes.
No lifeboats could be launched, only the four rafts cleared the ship. Nearly half of the eight officers, 35 crewmen and 30 armed guards (the ship was armed with two 3in and eight 20mm guns) went down with the ship, including the master. One officer, 17 crewmen and 21 armed guards reached three rafts, lashed them together and rigged a sail.
The survivors were picked up on 22 March by the British steam merchant Fort Walsh and landed at Colombo, Ceylon, four days later.
|On board||We have details of 36 people who were on board.|
Attack entries for John A. Poor
|28 Jul 1943||U-119||Kptlt. Horst-Tessen von Kameke||Damaged||7,176|
|19 Mar 1944||U-510||Oblt. Alfred Eick||Sunk||7,176|
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