Peter Grenville Lyon Cazalet DSO, DSC, RN

Born  29 Jul 1899


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Ranks

15 Jul 1919 S.Lt.
15 Feb 1921 Lt.
15 Feb 1929 Lt.Cdr.
30 Jun 1934 Cdr.
30 Jun 1941 Capt.
7 Jul 1950 Rear-Admiral
22 Oct 1953 Vice-Admiral

Retired: 10 Jan 1957


Decorations

26 Jul 1940 DSC
15 Dec 1942 Mentioned in Despatches (MID)
18 Jul 1944 Mentioned in Despatches (MID)
28 Nov 1944 Mentioned in Despatches (MID)
5 Dec 1944 Mentioned in Despatches (MID)
10 Jul 1945 DSO
1 Nov 1949 Bar to DSO
1 Jan 1952 CB
9 Jun 1955 KBE

Warship Commands listed for Peter Grenville Lyon Cazalet, RN


ShipRankTypeFromTo
HMS Durban (D 99)Capt.Light cruiser13 Oct 194126 Sep 1942
HMS Serapis (G 94)Capt.Destroyer5 Feb 194419 Mar 1944
HMS Saumarez (G 12)Capt.Destroyer19 Mar 194417 Nov 1944
HMS Myngs (R 06)Capt.Destroyer17 Nov 194411 Jul 1945

Career information

We currently have no career / biographical information on this officer.

Events related to this officer

Light cruiser HMS Durban (D 99)


15 Oct 1941 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Penang for Port Blair. (1)

17 Oct 1941 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) arrived at Port Blair. (1)

19 Oct 1941 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Port Blair to visit several places in the Andaman Islands. She returned to Port Blair on 21 October. (1)

21 Oct 1941 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Port Blair for Nancowry. (1)

22 Oct 1941 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) arrived at Nancowry.

She departed for Penang later the same day. (1)

24 Oct 1941 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) arrived at Penang. (1)

27 Oct 1941
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Penang escorting the river gunboats HMS Seamew (Lt.Cdr. R.B. Cooper, RN) and HMS Scarab (Lt. J.B. Cox, RN) and two tugs and the auxiliary HMS Mata Hari.

On the 30th HMS Durban fuelled the river gunboats and the tugs coaled from the Mata Hari. They departed for Trincomalee later the same day except for the Mata Hari.

HMS Durban, HMS Seamew, HMS Scarab and the two tugs arrived at Trincomalee on 3 November.

On 4 November they departed Trincomalee for Colombo where they arrived on 6 November. (2)

8 Nov 1941
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Colombo for Singapore. (3)

12 Nov 1941
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) arrived at Singapore. (3)

14 Nov 1941
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Singapore to make rendezvous south of the Sunda Strait with the (troop)transport Zealandia (Australian, 6660 GRT, built 1910) and her escort, HMAS Sydney (Capt. J. Burnett, RAN).

Rendezvous was effected around 1115 hours (zone -7.5) on 17 November 1941 and HMAS Sydney set course for Fremantle where she was due to arrive on 20 November 1941.

HMS Durban and the Zealandia arrived at Singapore on 20 November 1941. (3)

2 Dec 1941 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Danae (A/Capt. F.J. Butler, MBE, RN) and HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Singapore. (4)

3 Dec 1941 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Danae (A/Capt. F.J. Butler, MBE, RN) and HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Singapore. (4)

19 Dec 1941
The transport Erinpura (British, 5128 GRT, built 1911) departed Singapore for Colombo, via the Sunda Strait, with some 30 officers and 700 men from the Prince of Wales and Repulse as well as some women and children. She was escorted by the light cruisers HMS Dragon (A/Capt. R.J. Shaw, MBE, RN), HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) and the destroyer HMAS Vampire (Cdr. W.T.A. Moran, RAN).

In the morning of 24 December 1941, the escort of Erinpura was taken over by the heavy cruiser HMS Exeter (Capt. O.L. Gordon, MVO, RN) in position 00°44'N, 93°48'E. (5)

25 Dec 1941
HMS Dragon (Capt. R.J. Shaw, MBE, RN), HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) and HMAS Vampire (Cdr. W.T.A. Moran, RAN) arrived at Padang to fuel.

They were however unable to obtain fuel there. The RFA tanker War Sirdar (5542 GRT, built 1920) was then ordered to proceed to Palembang to load there and then proceed to Padang. (5)

29 Dec 1941 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Dragon (Capt. R.J. Shaw, MBE, RN), HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) and HMAS Vampire (Cdr. W.T.A. Moran, RAN) departed Padang to make rendezvous with convoy BM 9A.

[For more info on this convoy see the event ' Convoy BM 9A ' for 21 December 1941.] (6)

3 Jan 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMAS Hobart (Capt. H.L. Howden, CBE, RAN), HMS Dragon (Capt. R.J. Shaw, MBE, RN), HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN), HMAS Vampire (Cdr. W.T.A. Moran, RAN), HMS Encounter (Lt.Cdr. E.V.St J. Morgan, RN) and HMS Jupiter (Lt.Cdr. N.V.J.T. Thew, RN) arrived at Singapore with convoy BM 9A. (7)

5 Jan 1942
HMS Dragon (Capt. R.J. Shaw, MBE, RN) and HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Singapore for Batavia where they arrived the following day.

Vice Admiral G. Layton, KCB, DSO, RN, C-in-C Eastern Fleet had hoised his flag in HMS Dragon for this passage.

The cruisers had on board the Commander-in-Chief and the Chief of Staff and their staffs which were to join ABDA Command in Batavia. (8)

7 Jan 1942
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Batavia to join the escort of convoy BM 1.

[For more info on this convoy see the event ' Convoy DM 1 ' for 30 December 1941.] (9)

13 Jan 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Exeter (Capt. O.L. Gordon, MVO, RN), HMS Emerald (Capt. F.C. Flynn, RN) , HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN), HMAS Vampire (Cdr. W.T.A. Moran, RAN), HMS Encounter (Lt.Cdr. E.V.St J. Morgan, RN), HMS Jupiter (Lt.Cdr. N.V.J.T. Thew, RN) and HMIS Jumna (Cdr. W.R. Shewring, RIN) arrived at Singapore escorting convoy DM 1. (10)

18 Jan 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Singapore for Batavia. (8)

20 Jan 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) arrived at Batavia. (8)

23 Jan 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Dragon (Capt. R.J. Shaw, MBE, RN), HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Batavia to join the escort of convoy BM 11.

[For more info on this convoy see the event ' Convoy BM 11 ' for 19 Janaury 1942.] (9)

29 Jan 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Dragon (Capt. R.J. Shaw, MBE, RN), HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN), HMS Electra (Cdr. C.W. May, RN), HMS Encounter (Lt.Cdr. E.V.St J. Morgan, RN) and HMS Express (Lt.Cdr. F.J. Cartwright, RN) arrived at Singapore with convoy BM 11. (9)

29 Jan 1942
HMS Dragon (Capt. R.J. Shaw, MBE, RN) and HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Singapore escorting the troopships USS Wakefield (American, 24289 GRT, built 1931), Duchess of Bedford (British, 20123 GRT, built 1928) and Empress of Japan (British, 26032 GRT, built 1930) which were to proceed to Colombo.

The cruisers arrived at Batavia on 1 February 1942. (11)

5 Feb 1942
HMS Dragon (Capt. R.J. Shaw, MBE, RN) and HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Batavia to make rendezvous with convoy MS 3. On departure from Batavia they were escorting the troopship Warwick Castle (British, 20107 GRT, built 1930) which was to proceed to Fremantle with evacuees.

Rendezvous was effected on 6 February between HMAS Canberra (Capt. G.D. Moore, RAN) and the convoy and HMS Dragon as HMS Durban was at that moment detached to Flying Fish Cove, Christmas Island to pick up the survivors of the merchant vessel Eidsvold (Norwegian, 4184 GRT, built 1934) which had been torpedoed there on 20 January 1942 by the Japanese submarine I-59 (offsite link). HMS Durban joined the convoy later on the 6th.

[For more info on this convoy see the event ' Convoy MS 3 ' for 30 January 1942.]

26 Feb 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Colombo for Mauritius. (12)

4 Mar 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) arrived at Mauritius. (13)

5 Mar 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Mauritius for Durban. (13)

9 Mar 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) arrived at Durban. (13)

11 Mar 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Durban for Simonstown. (13)

13 Mar 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
In the evening, HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN), encountered the German auxiliary minelayer Doggerbank (5154 GRT, built 1929, former British Speybank). The cruiser signalled for the secret letters but these were not known on board the Doggerbank so a signal was sent ' Levernbank ex New York via Recife for Durban '. No further action was taken by HMS Durban and the Germans had a lucky escape.

14 Mar 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) arrived at Simonstown. (13)

16 Mar 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Simonstown for Pointe Noire. (13)

20 Mar 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) arrived at Pointe Noire. (13)

21 Mar 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Pointe Noire for Freetown. (13)

26 Mar 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) arrived at Freetown. (13)

28 Mar 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Freetown for Ponta Delgada, Azores. (13)

2 Apr 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) arrived at Ponta Delgada, Azores. (14)

3 Apr 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Ponta Delgada, Azores for New York. (14)

9 Apr 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) arrived at New York where she is to undergo repairs and refit. (14)

10 Apr 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
Upon completion of de-ammunitioning, HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN), proceeded to the Brooklyn Navy Yard where she is taken in hand. (14)

6 Jun 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
With the repairs and partial refit completed, HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN), commenced to embark ammunition at Gravesand Bay, New York. (15)

8 Jun 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) proceeded from Gravesand Bay, New York to Norfolk. En-route full power trials and gunnery exercises were carried out. (15)

10 Jun 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in Chesapeake Bay. (15)

11 Jun 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) conducted D/F calibration trials in Chesapeake Bay. (15)

12 Jun 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Norfolk for Bermuda. (15)

13 Jun 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) arrived at Bermuda. (15)

14 Jun 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Bermuda for Halifax. (15)

16 Jun 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) arrived at Halifax. (15)

17 Jun 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Halifax for Hvalfjord, Iceland. (15)

22 Jun 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) arrived at Hvalfjord, Iceland. She departed for Portsmouth later the same day. (15)

25 Jun 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) arrived at Portsmouth. (15)

29 Jun 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) is taken in hand to complete her refit at the Portsmouth Dockyard. (15)

30 Jun 1942
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) entered a dry dock at the Portsmouth Dockyard but it appears the dock was only pumped out on 9 July. (15)

12 Aug 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) is undocked. (16)

28 Aug 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) conducted D/G trials off Portsmouth. (16)

4 Sep 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) departed Portsmouth for Scapa Flow. (17)

6 Sep 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) arrived at Scapa Flow to commence a work-up period. (17)

8 Sep 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN) conducted gunnery exercises at Scapa Flow. (17)

11 Sep 1942
During 11/12 September 1942, HMS Argonaut (Capt. E.W.L. Longley-Cook, RN) and HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN), conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. These included night exercises. (18)

14 Sep 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
During 14/15 September 1942, HMS Despatch (Capt. W.R.C. Leggatt, RN) and HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN), conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. These included night exercises. (17)

18 Sep 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
During 18/19 September 1942, HMS Howe (Capt. C.H.L. Woodhouse, CB, RN), HMS Argonaut (Capt. E.W.L. Longley-Cook, RN) and HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN), conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. These included night exercises. During these exercises HMS Howe was escorted by HMS Porcupine (Cdr. G.S. Stewart, RAN), HMS Oribi (Cdr. J.E.H. McBeath, DSO, DSC, RN) and HMS Blean (Lt. N.J. Parker, RN). (19)

22 Sep 1942 (position 0.00, 0.00)
During 22/23 September 1942, HMS Despatch (Capt. W.R.C. Leggatt, RN) and HMS Durban (Capt. P.G.L. Cazalet, DSC, RN), conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. These included night exercises. (17)

26 Sep 1942
HMS Despatch (Capt. W.R.C. Leggatt, RN) and HMS Durban (Capt. G.F. Stevens-Guille, DSO, OBE, RN) departed Scapa Flow for Liverpool. (20)

Sources

  1. ADM 53/114183
  2. ADM 53/114183 + ADM 53/114184 + ADM 199/408 + ADM 199/411
  3. ADM 53/114184
  4. ADM 53/114033 + ADM 53/114185
  5. ADM 53/114185 + ADM 199/1385
  6. ADM 53/114185
  7. ADM 199/1385
  8. ADM 53/115850 + ADM 199/1185
  9. ADM 53/115850
  10. ADM 199/1185
  11. ADM 53/115850 + ADM 115851 + ADM 199/1185
  12. ADM 53/115851
  13. ADM 53/115852
  14. ADM 53/115853
  15. ADM 53/115855
  16. ADM 53/115856
  17. ADM 53/115857
  18. ADM 53/115355 + ADM 53/115857
  19. ADM 53/115355 + ADM 53/115857 + ADM 53/116069
  20. ADM 53/115857 + ADM 199/632

ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.


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