Allied Warships

Events on this day

18 August

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This page is our compilation of data from several different databases. All data shown here is dynamic, but is accurate according to the information we have right now. Although content is still being added daily, more than 75% of the launched and commissioned data is already in place, so this section is almost complete.

Quick links: War losses - General events

The Shipyard Report


Laid down (46)

1918: Destroyer Southard (DMS 10)

1920: Light cruiser Trenton (CL 11)

1930: Large destroyer Epervier

1931: Light cruiser Emile Bertin

1936: Destroyer Fleuret

1939: MS Trawler Almond (T 14) - MS Trawler Mangrove (T 112)

1940: Light cruiser Columbia (CL 56)

1941: Minesweeper Fort William (J 311) - Minesweeper Kenora (J 281) - Minesweeper Milltown (J 317) - Destroyer Mahratta (G 23) - Minesweeper Advent (AM 83) - Patrol craft PC-473 (PC-473) - Minesweeper Reliable (AMc-100)

1942: Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-243 (LCI(L)-243) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-244 (LCI(L)-244) - Minesweeper Lightfoot (J 288) - Submarine Cabrilla (288) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-244 (LCI(L)-244) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-64 (LCI(L)-64) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-65 (LCI(L)-65) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-66 (LCI(L)-66) - Destroyer Miller (DD 535) - Submarine chaser SC-1046 (SC-1046) - Submarine chaser SC-1316 (SC-1316) - Submarine chaser SC-771 (SC-771) - Destroyer Wadsworth (DD 516) - Minesweeper YMS-215 (YMS-215)

1943: Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 400 (MTB 400) - Frigate Rowley (K 560) - Submarine Spearhead (P 263) - Destroyer Escort Curtis W. Howard (DE 752) - Frigate Gallup (PF-47) - Landing craft tank LCT 521 (LCT 521) - Landing craft tank LCT 522 (LCT 522) - Patrol craft PC-1209 (PC-1209) - Destroyer Escort Richard M. Rowell (DE 403) - Destroyer Escort Richard S. Bull (DE 402) - Destroyer Escort Weeden (DE 797)

1944: Escort Carrier Badoeng Strait (CVE 116) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-1088 (LCI(L)-1088) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-817 (LCI(L)-817) - Landing craft tank LCT 1236 (LCT 1236)

1945: Motor torpedo boat PT 729 - Motor torpedo boat PT 730

Launched (37)

1919: Destroyer Palmer (DMS 5)

1920: Submarine P 553 (P 553) - Submarine S-21 (126)

1925: Armed boarding vessel Fratton

1928: MS Trawler Myrtle (T 91)

1930: Submarine Antiope

1931: Armed Merchant Cruiser Carthage (F 99)

1939: Light cruiser Kenya (14) - Patrol vessel Pintail (L 21 / K 21)

1942: Minesweeper Fremantle (J 246) - Landing Craft Tank LCT 399 (LCT 399) - Motor minesweeper MMS 236 (J 736) - Destroyer Abner Read (DD 526) - Landing craft tank LCT 127 (LCT 127) - Patrol craft PC-626 (PC-626)

1943: Rescue Tug Emphatic (W 154) - Salvage vessel Succour - Destroyer Escort Lake (DE 301) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-450 (LCI(L)-450) - Tank landing ship LST 124 (LST 124) - Destroyer Escort Maloy (DE 791) - Patrol craft PC-1207 (PC-1207)

1944: Submarine Scotsman (P 243) - Minesweeper Wave (J 385) - Landing craft tank LCT 1129 (LCT 1129) - Landing craft tank LCT 1251 (LCT 1251) - Landing craft tank LCT 1252 (LCT 1252) - Landing craft tank LCT 1341 (LCT 1341) - Medium landing ship LSM 324 (LSM 324) - Tank landing ship LST 637 (LST 637) - Submarine Trutta (421) - Net tender Tunxis (AN 90)

1945: Medium landing ship LSM 541 (LSM 541) - Medium landing ship LSM 542 (LSM 542) - Medium landing ship LSM 543 (LSM 543) - Medium landing ship LSM 544 (LSM 544) - Destroyer New (DD 818)

Commissioned (34)

1916: Battlecruiser Repulse (34)

1918: Destroyer Waters (DD 115)

1938: Light cruiser Tromp

1941: Escort destroyer Badsworth (L 03) - Harbour Defence Motor Launch HDML 1056 (ML 1056) - Motor Anti-Submarine Boat MA/SB 30 (MA/SB 30) - Motor Gun Boat MGB 326 (MGB 326) - Motor minesweeper MMS 37 (J 537) - Motor minesweeper MMS 47 (J 547) - Submarine Depot Ship Colombia - Minesweeper Bateleur (AMc-37)

1942: Harbour Defence Motor Launch HDML 1153 (ML 1153) - Landing craft tank LCT 409 (LCT 409) - Patrol craft PC-600 (PC-600) - Patrol craft PC-608 (PC-608) - Motor torpedo boat PT 123 - Submarine chaser SC-643 (SC-643) - Minesweeper YMS-106 (YMS-106) - Minesweeper YMS-31 (YMS-31)

1943: Motor Launch ML 831 (ML 831) - Motor Launch ML 832 (ML 832) - Destroyer Escort Greiner (DE 37) - Patrol craft PC-1232 (PC-1232) - Submarine chaser SC-1012 (SC-1012) - Submarine chaser SC-1356 (SC-1356) - Minesweeper YMS-320 (YMS-320)

1944: MS Trawler Calcutta (T 339) - Medium landing ship LSM 269 (LSM 269) - Medium landing ship LSM 57 (LSM 57) - Tank landing ship LST 587 (LST 587) - Tank landing ship LST 716 (LST 716) - Tank landing ship LST 781 (LST 781)

1945: Repair Ship Rame Head (F 34) - Destroyer Cone (DD 866)

Legend:

Laid down means that the ship's construction was officially started by laying down the keel (often just a single steel beam but could also mean the first of many pre-fabricated sections).

Launched means that the ship was launched from its shipyard, it then began its fitting out period (installation of smaller systems, weapons etc.) - in many yards the ships were launched very complete and needed little work afterwards.

Commissioned is when the navy takes the ship officially over and gives command of it to its new captain.

War Losses on 18 August (9)


1941: Submarine P 32 (P 32) - Destroyer Statny

1942: Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 218 (MTB 218) - Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 43 (MTB 43)

1943: Landing Craft Tank LCT 301 (LCT 301) - Landing Craft Tank LCT 416 (LCT 416) - Tank landing ship LST 396 (LST 396)

1944: Armed boarding vessel Fratton - Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 707 (MTB 707)

More information on Allied Warships losses.


General Events on 18 August


1940

Submarine HNMS O 23: HrMs O 23 (Lt.Cdr. G.B.M. van Erkel, RNN) departed Dundee for her 1st (work-up) war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the North Sea. For the daily positions of HrMs O 23 during this patrol see the map below. Ver HrMs O 23 1st war patrol click here for bigger map

Submarine HMS Regent: HMS Regent (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Browne, RN) departed Alexandria for her 4th war patrol (1st in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Ionian Sea. For the daily positions of HMS Regent during this patrol see the map below.

Submarine HMS Triad: HMS Triad (Lt.Cdr. G.S. Salt, RN) is undocked.

Submarine HMS Tuna: During the night of 18/19 August 1940, HMS Tuna (Lt.Cdr. M.K. Cavenagh-Mainwaring, RN), conducted practice attacks on HMS Breda (Capt.(retired) A. E. Johnston, RN) in the Clyde area.

Destroyer HMS Warwick: HMS Warwick (Lt.Cdr M.A.G. Child, RN) picks up 11 survivors from the British merchant Empire Merchant, which had been sunk by German U-boat U-100 two days earlier 186 nautical miles west of Bloody Foreland in position 55°23'N, 13°24'W.

Rescue Tug HMS Salvonia: HMRT Salvonia (Lt. G.M.M. Robinson, RNR) picks up 17 survivors from the British merchant Empire Merchant, which had been sunk by German U-boat U-100 two days earlier 186 nautical miles west of Bloody Foreland in position 55°23'N, 13°24'W.

1941

Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt. J.H. Geijs, RNN) arrived at Blyth.

Submarine HMS Unbeaten: HMS Unbeaten (Lt.Cdr. E.A. Woodward, RN) departed Malta for her 8th war patrol (7th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol to the North of Pantelleria to intercept an important enemy troop convoy. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Unbeaten during this patrol see the map below. HMS Unbeaten 8th war patrol click here for bigger map

Submarine HMS Seawolf: HMS Seawolf (Lt. P.L. Field, RN) was undocked.

Submarine HMS Thunderbolt: HMS Thunderbolt (Lt.Cdr. C.B. Crouch, DSO, RN) arrived at Alexandria.

Submarine HMS Torbay: During the nights of 18-19 and 19-20 August 1941 HMS Torbay (Lt.Cdr. A.C.C. Miers, RN) picked up a total of 130 Allied troops and Greeks from a beach on the coast of Southern Crete.

Submarine HMS Thrasher: HMS Thrasher (Lt.Cdr. P.J. Cowell, DSC, RN) investigates harbours on the Greek islands of Samos and Leros. Nothing of interest was sighted. (All times are zone -3) 0520 hours - Investigated Samos. Nothing was seen in the harbours of Port Vathi and Kalovasi 2100 hours - Surfaced and proceeded through the Ikaria Passage to investigate Port Laki on Leros.

Submarine HMS Urge: HMS Urge (Lt. E.P. Tomkinson, RN) departed Malta for her 8th war patrol (6th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol to the North of Pantelleria to intercept an important enemy troop convoy. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Urge during this patrol see the map below. HMS Urge 8th war patrol click here for bigger map

Submarine HMS P 32: HMS P 32 (Lt. D.A.B. Abdy, RN) is lost by an explosion (either internal or a mine) off Tripoli, Libya while attacking an enemy convoy. (All times are zone -2) Around 1530 hours P 32 was at periscope depth when a convoy of four medium seized merchant ships in line ahead was sighted with an aircraft overhead. No escorts were seen. Started attack on the rear ship that was thought to be a tanker of about 6000 tons. Went to 50 feet and closed at speed. Around 1540 hours when P 32 was returning to periscope depth from 50 feet when at 34 feet an explosion occured and P 32 took a large angle bow down. She was out of control and hit the bottom at 200 feet where she remained. The submarine was flooded up from forward up to the control room. Chlorine gas was filling the submarine and it was decided to try to escape from the engine room escape hatch using D.S.E.A. apparatus. The Commanding Officer and two ratings went to the conning tower to try to escape from there. The commanding officer and one of the ratings, the coxwain, succesfully did so. The other rating drowned during the attempt. The two survivors were later picked up by an Italian MAS boat and taken to Tripoli. The ships P 32 had sighted were part of a convoy made up of the Italian merchants Nicolò Odero (6003 GRT, built 1925), Caffaro (6476 GRT, built 1924), Marin Sanudo (5958 GRT, built 1926), Giulia (5921 GRT, built 1926) and the Italian tanker Minatitland (7651 GRT, built 1941). Another Italian merchant vessel the Maddalena Odero (5545 GRT, built 1921) had already been torpedoed and damaged by aircraft and was no longer part of this convoy. Escort of this convoy had been the Italian destroyers Freccia, Euro and Dardo.

Battleship HMS Prince of Wales: HMS Prince of Wales (Capt. J.C. Leach, MVO, RN) arrived at Scapa Flow.

1942

Sloop HMS Banff: HMS Banff (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Evans, RN) picks up 18 survivors from the Norwegian tanker Mirlo that was torpedoed and sunk on 11 August 1942 about 870 nautical miles west-south-west of Freetown in position 06°04'N, 26°50'W by German U-boat U-130.

Submarine HNoMS Uredd: HNoMS Uredd (Lt. Røren) shifted from Dundee to Rosyth where she was to participate in A/S exercises.

Submarine HNMS K XIV: HrMs K XIV (Lt. J.H. Geijs, RNN) departed Diego Saurez for East London, South Africa.

Submarine USS Wahoo: USS Wahoo (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Kennedy) arrived at Pearl Harbor.

Armed Merchant Cruiser HMS Cheshire: At 18.52 hours on 18 August 1942 German U-boat U-214 fired four torpedoes at the convoy SL-118 from between the columns and claimed the sinking of four ships totalling 20,000 grt. In fact, one torpedo damaged HMS Cheshire (A/Capt. H.G. Hopper, RN) another sank the Hatarana and two torpedoes sank the Balingkar.

Submarine HMS Safari: HMS P 211 (Cdr. B. Bryant, DSC, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian merchant Perseo (5225 GRT, built 1921) near Cape Carbonara, 15 nautical miles south of Serpentara, Sardinia. On this day P 211 also attacked but missed the Italian submarine Bronzo with torpedoes. (All times are zone -2) 0843 hours - The Officer of the Watch reported a large tanker bearing 210°. Enemy course was 010°, range 13000 yards. Started attack. 0856 hours - While coming up to have another look sighted a German uboat crossing astern out of range. Had we not closed to attack the target we would have been in a perfect position to attack the uboat. The tanker was very large, not loaded, not zig-zagging and unescorted. 0914 hours - Fired 3 torpedoes from 750 yards. Two hits were obtained. The ship was abandoned and started to settle by the stern. Position was 8 nautical miles South-South-West of Cavoli Island (approximately 38°58'N, 09°30'E) 1145 hours - The tanker refused to sink. A salvage party had gone on board. In order to make sure she would sink decided to fire another torpedo. 1148 hours - Fired 1 torpedo from 800 yards. The result could not be observed as a seaplane circled overhead and P 211 had gone deep upon firing. Breaking up noises however followed immediately. 1200 hours - Returned to periscope depth. No sign of the tanker. Went deep to reload. The “German” U-boat sighted was actually the Italian submarine Granito who witnessed the attack from a distance. This was the first time that torpedoes equipped with the new CCR magnetic pistols were used in the Mediterranean. MAS 504 was sailed to rescue the survivors of Perseo and hunt the submarine. The whole was saved including one seriously and eight slightly wounded. ------------------------------------------ 2000 hours - Now sighted an Italian submarine in position 214°, Cavoli Island, 24 nautical miles (approximately 38°48'N, 09°20'E). Enemy course was 000°, range about 6 nautical miles. Ran in at maximum speed. 2031 hours - Fired 6 torpedoes from 3500 yards. Enemy speed was estimated at 12 knots. Depth control was lost and P 211 broached. This was due to a defect and not to bad handling. Also one of the torpedoes prematured. The Italians immediately changed course and no hits were obtained. In Bronzo (T.V. Cesare Buldrini), an explosion was heard on the hydrophone and estimated at a range of 4000 yards. This was the torpedo which exploded prematurely. A few minutes later the submarine was apparently shaken badly by two hits under the hull and Buldrini believed that she had collided with the enemy submarine but this was probably caused by torpedoes equipped with the DCR (Duplex Coll Rod) magnetic pistols which proved to be unreliable. The first four torpedoes used DCR pistols, the last two used the more reliable CCR (Compensated Coll Rod) pistols.

Submarine HMS Splendid: HMS P 228 (Lt. I.L.M. McGeogh, RN) departed Sheerness for Portsmouth. She made the passage in convoy CW 116.

Submarine HMS Upright: HMS Upright (Lt.Cdr. A.F. Collett, DSC, RN) carried out A/S exercises with HMS Inglefield (Cdr. A.G. West, RN) and HNoMS Eskdale (Lt.Cdr. S. Storheill).

Submarine HMS Unbroken: HMS P 42 (Lt. A.C.G. Mars, RN) ended her 5th war patrol (also 5th in the Mediterranean) at Malta.

Submarine HMS United: HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian transport ship Rosolino Pilo (8326 GRT, built 1942) 50 nautical miles bearing 190 of Pantellaria. The Italian ship was already damaged in a previous attack by British aircraft. Rosolino Pilo had been escorted by the Italian destroyers Maestrale and Gioberti and was en-route from Trapani to Tripoli. She had a civilian crew of fifty, a naval crew of thirty-two Italians and thirty-nine as well as 110 German passengers. There were no casualties as they had evacuated long before P 44 with the exception of Captain Oreste Tomassi and four sailors who had remained on board and left just shortly before the submarine finished her off. (All times are zone -2) 17 August 1942 In the evening P 44 was ordered to investigate the scene of a successful RAF attack on a merchant vessel in position 295°, Lampion Island, 16 nautical miles. 2050 hours - Set course to comply with the orders. Several new positions were signalled later on. 2234 hours - Sighted a flare. Closed the scene as it had been signalled that the RA would drop flares over the damaged ship. 2239 hours - A second flare was fired. Sighted the target in the light of the flare. More flares were dropped at 2246, 2250, 2303 and 2307 hours. 2307 hours - The merchant vessel could now clearly be seen in the light of the last flare. Range was 6 nautical miles. Closed. No escort was seen and the merchant, of 7000 to 8000 tons, was stopped and down by the stern. She was in position 302°, Lampion Island, 29 nautical miles. 18 August 1942 0009 hours - Fired one torpedo from 1500 yards. The result was gratifying, if unexpected. The explosion of the torpedo was followed instantaneously by another of gigantic proportions as the whole merchant ship exploded. As the commanding officer left the bridge a violent hot blast reached P 44 and debris was already clattering on the casing and before it was possible to dive, a report of the motor room was received of water coming in fast. P 44 therefore remained on the surface as no escort seemed to be present and when the hailstorm of debris had descended, it was found that the bridge was partially wrecked by a 12 foot length of one-inch frame embedded in the starboard side. Jumping wire had parted and loop and main aerials broken. In addition, upper steering was wrecked. There was no sign of the merchant ship. The pressure hull aft was examined and a 6" gash was found which was then caulked with wood and cotton waste. A signal was then sent to Malta reporting the situation. 1309 hours - Received orders to return to Malta. Set course accordingly.

Submarine HMS Unshaken: HMS P 54 (Lt. C.E. Oxborrow, DSC, RN) arrived at Dundee.

Destroyer HMS Boreas: HMS Boreas (Lt.Cdr. E.L. Jones, DSC, RN) picks up 18 survivors from the Norwegian tanker Mirlo that was torpedoed and sunk on 11 August 1942 about 870 nautical miles west-southwest of Freetown in position 06°04'N, 26°50'W by German U-boat U-130.

Corvette HMS Pentstemon: The British merchant ship Hatarana, that was torpedoed and damaged north-east of the Azores in position 41°07'N, 20°32'W by German U-boat U-214 was scuttled by gunfire from the British corvette HMS Pentstemon (Lt.Cdr. J. Byron, DSC, RNR (retired)), which also picked up 20 survivors and landed them at Londonderry.

Submarine USS S-28: USS S-28 (Lt. J.D. Crowley) end her 2nd war patrol at Dutch Harbour.

Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt. D.T. Hammond, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt. P.W. Garnett, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt.Cdr. B.E. Lewellen, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt. A.R. Gallaher, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Submarine USSR L-3: L-3 torpedoed and sank the Swedish merchant C.F. Liljevalch (5492 GRT) west of Gotland in position 57°37'N, 17°00'E.

Submarine USSR ShCh-323: ShCh-323 sailed from Kronstadt for a war patrol on 18 August 1942, but immediately after her departure she hit a mine of the Seeigel minefield, and had to return to base heavily damaged.

Corvette HMS Pimpernel: HMS Pimpernel (Lt.Cdr. F.H. Thornton, RNR) picks up 43 survivors from the British merchant Empire Bede that was torpedoed and damaged by German U-boat U-553 north of Jamaica in position 19°35'N, 76°25'W. The wreck of the Empire Bede is finally sunk by gunfire from the corvette in position 19?41'N, 76?50'W.

Submarine FR Rubis: The German armed trawler V 406 / Hans Loh (464 GRT) sank south-west of the Gironde estuary, France in position 45?03'N, 01?34'W after hitting a mine laid by the Free French submarine Rubis. The mine was one of 32 laid on 14 August 1942.

Submarine HMS Graph: HMS Graph (Lt. P.B. Marriot, RN) departed from Portsmouth for Holy Loch. At 0955 hours/19 she made rendez-vous with the Free French submarine FFS Rubis and their escort through the Irish Sea, the torpedo boat Z 5 (T/A/Lt.Cdr. S.T. Wenlock, RNR).

1943

Destroyer USS Abner Read: (Cdr Thomas Burrowes, USN) Mined off Kiska, stern blown off and was towed by the USS Bancroft/Ute; 71 died and 47 were wounded.

Submarine HNMS K XII: HrMs K XII (Lt.Cdr. T. Brunsting, RNN) conducted A/S exercises off Fremantle with HrMs Tjerk Hiddes (Lt.Cdr. W.J. Kruys, RNN).

Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS St. Modwen (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Lycett, RD, RNR) and HMS Boarhound (Skr. A. Keable, RNR).

Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt.Cdr. A. van Altena, RNN(R)) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Spaniel.

Submarine USS Plunger: USS Plunger (Lt.Cdr. R.H. Bass) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese merchant Okuni Maru (5633 GRT, built ????) in the Sea of Japan in position 43°30'N, 140°30'E.

Submarine USS Haddo: Having completed her special torpedo trials USS Haddo (Lt.Cdr. J. Corbus, USN) departed Newport, Rhode Island New London for Connecticut.

Submarine USS Pargo: USS Pargo (Lt.Cdr. Ian Crawford Eddy) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 1st war patrol in the East China Sea.

Submarine USS Snook: USS Snook (Lt.Cdr. C.O. Triebel) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 3rd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the East China and Yellow Seas.

Submarine USS Billfish: USS Billfish (Cdr. F.C. Lucas, Jr., USN) arried at Port Darwin. She was escorted in by HMAS ML 815 (T/Lt. C.A.J. Inman, RANVR).

Submarine HMS Una: HMS Una (Lt. W.G. Meeke, DSC, RN) departed Rothesay for Fishguard. She made the passage in company with HMS Otus (Lt. R.H.H. Brunner, RN) that was on passage to West Africa. The submarines were escorted by HMS Blade (T/A/Lt.Cdr. S.T. Wenlock, RNR).

Submarine HMS Otus: HMS Otus (Lt. R.H.H. Brunner, RN) departed Rothesay for Freetown. She made the passage in company with HMS Una (Lt. W.G. Meeke, DSC, RN) that was to proceed to Fishguard to aid in A/S training. The submarines were escorted by HMS Blade (T/A/Lt.Cdr. S.T. Wenlock, RNR). For the daily positions of HMS Otus during the passage from Rothesay to Simonstown, South Africa see the map below. As no log is available for August 1943 only positions from 1 September 1943 onwards can be displayed.

Submarine HMS Simoom: HMS Simoom (Lt. G.D.N. Milner, DSC, RN) ended her 5th war patrol (3rd in the Mediterranean) at Algiers.

Submarine HMS Stonehenge: HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) was docked at Holy Loch.

Submarine HMS Surf: HMS Surf (Lt. D. Lambert, DSC, RN) arrived at Algiers. She arrived with a defective air compressor that needed repairs before she could go on patrol. She had already spent several weeks at Gibraltar for repairs to the air compressor.

Submarine HMS Truant: HMS Truant (Lt.Cdr. J.G. Hopkins, RN) departed from Lerwick for Holy Loch. She made the passage together with HMS Thrasher (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Hezlet, DSC, RN). They were escorted by HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr.(retired) R.H. Mack, RN).

Submarine HMS Thrasher: HMS Thrasher (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Hezlet, DSC, RN) departed Lerwick for Holy Loch. She made the passage together with HMS Truant (Lt.Cdr. J.G. Hopkins, RN). They were escorted by HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr.(retired) R.H. Mack, RN).

Submarine HMS Tactician: HMS Tactician (Lt.Cdr. A.F. Collett, DSC, RN) departed from Port Said for her 6th war patrol (5th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Aegean and to perform a special operation.

Submarine HMS Templar: HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) conducted exercises off Algiers.

Submarine HMS Usurper: HMS Usurper (Lt. D.R.O. Mott, DSC, RN) was undocked.

Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. R.H. Bull, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle together with HMCS Bittersweet (T/Lt. F.B. Brooks-Hill, RCNVR), HMCS Pictou (T/Lt. P.T. Byers, RCNR), HMCS Saskatchewan (Cdr. R.C. Medley, DSO, RN) and HMCS Mayflower (Lt. V. Browne, RCNR).

Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt. A.K. Tyree, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt.Cdr. W.L. Fey, Jr., USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Submarine USS R-7: USS R-7 arrived at New London, Connecticut from Bermuda.

Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt. G.F. Sharp, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. R. Holden, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt.Cdr. E.T. Shepard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Submarine USSR L-15: L-15 attacked a German convoy of the Syltefjord in position 70°48'N, 29°26'E. She fires three torpedoes against what is identified as an auxiliary minesweeper. All torpedoes however missed their target.

Submarine USSR S-102: S-102 fires two torpedoes against ' what is identified as ' a merchant of 6000 tons off the Tanafjord. Both torpedoes missed their target.

Submarine ORP Sokol: In the afternoon, while patrolling close to the Bari harbour entrance, ORP Sokol (Kpt.mar J. Kolziolkowski), had to brake off an attack on an enemy convoy when she was forced deep by one of the escorts. It appeared Sokol was detected but no depth charging followed. Aircraft patrolled the area for the remainer of the day.

1944

Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. R.W. van Lynden, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS St. Modwen (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Lycett, DSC, RD, RNR) and HMS Altair (T/Lt. J.L. James, RNR).

Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle together with aircraft.

Submarine HNMS Zwaardvisch: HrMs Zwaardvisch (Lt.Cdr. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) sank the junk Kim Hup Soen (48 GRT) with gunfire in the Malacca Strait in position 04°00'N, 99°32'E. (All times are zone -6.5) 0545 hours - At first light sighted two sails through the periscope. Bearing 175°, range about 5 nautical miles. Altered course, increased speed. 0638 hours - Surfaced, range about 4 nautical miles. Closed distance at 14 knots. 0643 hours - Fired warning shot across the ship's bow at which the junks sails were struck and the crew abandoned ship with the ships dinghy. At 0653 hours the junk sank after firing 12 rounds of 4". Went alongside the dinghy and took the captain, with the ship's papers, prisoner.

Submarine USS Bluegill: USS Bluegill (Lt.Cdr. E.L. Barr, Jr.) ended her 2nd war patrol at Darwin, Australia.

Submarine USS Gabilan: USS Gabilan (Lt.Cdr. K.R. Wheland) ended her 2nd war patrol.

Submarine USS Rasher: While attacking a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea off the west coast of Luzon, Philippines USS Rasher (Lt.Cdr. H.G. Munson) torpedoed and sank the Japanese escort carrier Taiyo (17830 tons, offsite link), the Japanese troop transport Teia Maru (17537 GRT, former French Aramis) and the Japanese army cargo ship Eishin Maru (542 GRT) in position 18°16'N, 120°21'E. Rasher also torpedoed and sank the Japanese oiler Teiyo Maru (9849 GRT) southwest of Cape Bojeador in position 18°09'N, 120°13'E, and finally she torpedoed and damaged the Japanese troop transport Noshiro Maru (7184 GRT, offsite link) southwest of Cape Bojeador in position 18°09'N, 119°56'E.

Submarine USS Aspro: USS Aspro (Cdr. W.A. Stevenson, USN) ended her 4th war patrol at Fremantle. Refit was commenced by submarine repair unit 137 and advanced training and relief crew no.6 and was completed on 1 September 1944.

Submarine USS Baya: USS Baya (Cdr. A.H. Holtz, USN) conducted exercises off Pearl Harbour together with USS Lovering (Lt.Cdr. E.P. Bayley, USNR), USS Rall (Lt.Cdr. C.B. Taylor, USNR), USS Burden R. Hastings (Lt.Cdr. E.B. Fay, USNR), USS Hawkbill (Cdr. F.W. Scanland, Jr., USN) and USS Becuna (Cdr. H.D. Sturr, USN).

Submarine USS Besugo: USS Besugo (Cdr. T.L. Wogan, USN) conducted exercises off Balboa.

Submarine USS Caiman: USS Caiman (Cdr. J.B. Azer, USN) is put on the slipway at New London.

Submarine USS Blenny: USS Blenny (Cdr. W.H. Hazzard, USN) is put back in the water.

Submarine USS Hardhead: USS Hardhead (Cdr. F. McMaster) torpedoed and sank the Japanese light cruiser Natori (5170 tons) about 200 nautical miles east of Samar, Philippines in position 12°29'N, 128°49'E.

Submarine USS Redfish: USS Redfish (Cdr. L.D. McGregor) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese merchant tanker Eiyo Maru (8673 GRT) in Luzon Strait in position 20°28'N, 121°04'E.

Submarine HMS Stoic: HMS Stoic (Lt. P.B. Marriot, DSO, RN) departed Trincomalee for Colombo. At Colombo she was to participate in A/S exercises.

Submarine HMS Torbay: HMS Torbay (Lt. C.P. Norman, DSO, RN) departed Sheerness for Blyth. She was escorted by HMS Castlenau (Skr. W.K. Mickleburgh, RNR).

Submarine HMS Truculent: HMS Truculent (Lt.Cdr. R.L. Alexander, DSO, RN) arrived at Suez.

Submarine HMS Tudor: HMS Tudor (Lt. S.A. Porter, DSC, RN) again lands a party to make a beach reconnaissance at Bireuen on the North coast of Sumatra. The party is recovered after about 3,5 hours.

Submarine HMS Tantalus: HMS Tantalus (Lt.Cdr. H.S. Mackenzie, DSO and Bar, RN) conducted exercises off Trincomalee.

Submarine HMS Ultimatum: HMS Ultimatum (Lt. W.H. Kett, DSC, RNR) departed Gibraltar for the U.K. She made the passage in convoy MKS 58 together with HMS Ultor (Lt. G.E. Hunt, DSC and Bar, RN).

Submarine HMS Unbending: HMS Unbending (Lt. J. Whitton, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Blyth.

Submarine HMS Ultor: HMS Ultor (Lt. G.E. Hunt, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Gibraltar for Holy Loch. She made the passage in convoy MKS 58.

Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (T/Lt. C.D. Smith, RANVR) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Shemara (Cdr.(retired) H. Buckle, RN) and HMS La Cordeliere (Lt.Cdr. A.J.G. Barff, RNR).

Submarine USS R-1: USS R-1 (Lt. W.A. Schoenfeld, USN) conducted exercises off Bermuda.

Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt.Cdr. L.G. Bernard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt. D.C. Peto, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt.Cdr. D.L. Mehlop, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. R. Holden, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt.Cdr. J.B. Dudley, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Destroyer HMCS Ottawa (ii): German U-boat U-621 was sunk in the Bay of Biscay near La Rochelle, in position 45°52'N, 02°36'W, by depth charges from the Canadian destroyers HMCS Ottawa (Cdr. J.D. Prentice, DSO, RCN), HMCS Kootenay (A/Lt.Cdr. W.H. Willson, RCN) and HMCS Chaudiere (A/Lt.Cdr. C.P. Nixon, RCN).

Destroyer HMCS Chaudiere: German U-boat U-621 was sunk in the Bay of Biscay near La Rochelle, in position 45°52'N, 02°36'W, by depth charges from the Canadian destroyers HMCS Ottawa (Cdr. J.D. Prentice, DSO, RCN), HMCS Kootenay (A/Lt.Cdr. W.H. Willson, RCN) and HMCS Chaudiere (A/Lt.Cdr. C.P. Nixon, RCN).

Destroyer HMCS Kootenay: German U-boat U-621 was sunk in the Bay of Biscay near La Rochelle, in position 45°52'N, 02°36'W, by depth charges from the Canadian destroyers HMCS Ottawa (Cdr. J.D. Prentice, DSO, RCN), HMCS Kootenay (A/Lt.Cdr. W.H. Willson, RCN) and HMCS Chaudiere (A/Lt.Cdr. C.P. Nixon, RCN).

1945

Destroyer USS Adams: USS Adams arrived at Buckner Bay, Okinawa.

Destroyer USS Walke (ii): USS Walke joins TG 38.3 in Japanese waters.

Battleship USS Iowa: USS Iowa (Capt. C. Wellborn, Jr., USN) topped off two of the destroyers of the Task Group, USS Cushing (Lt.Cdr. W.D. Adams, USN) and USS Buchanan (Lt.Cdr. D.E. Henry, USN), with fuel. Following the fuelling of these destroyers Iowa herself was fuelled by the oiler USS Atascosa (Cdr. H.L. de Riviera, USN).

Submarine USS Entemedor: USS Entemedor (Cdr. W.R. Smith, Jr., USN) departed Saipan for Subic Bay.

Submarine USS Clamagore: USS Clamagore (Cdr. S.C. Loomis, USN) arrived in the Panama Canal Zone from New London, Connecticut.

Submarine HMS Statesman: At 1552 hours (zone -6.5) HMS Statesman (Lt. R.G.P. Bulkeley, RN) torpedoed and sank a derelict wreck drifting in the Straits of Malacca, described as probably a coaster. Earlier attempts to sink it with demolition charges had failed.

Submarine HMS Totem: HMS Totem (Lt.Cdr. M.B. St. John, RN) returns to Fremantle.

Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt. D.C. Bowman, USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.

Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt. R.G. Black, USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.

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